Table 3.17 The Mean Intakes ± SEMs of Alpha Linolenic Acid (ALA, 18:3 n-3), Respondents With a History of CVD Compared to Those Without CVD, NHANES III (1988-94)

Alpha Linolenic Acid (ALA, 18:3 n-3)
CVDNon-CVDCVDNon-CVD
Mean (g/d)SEMMean (g/d)SEMMean (%kcal/d)SEMMean (%kcal/d)SEM
Total1.160.03491.420.02010.55 *†0.00930.57 *†0.0051
 Male1.380.06001.690.02980.550.01320.550.0059
 Female0.900.02381.190.01810.540.01080.580.0066
Non-Hispanic White
 Total1.200.03991.460.02530.560.01050.580.0069
 Male1.400.06511.750.03680.570.01480.570.0075
 Female0.930.03051.210.02240.560.01320.590.0089
Non-Hispanic Black
 Total1.080.04561.370.02220.520.01150.540.0057
 Male1.250.06841.600.03890.510.01410.520.0067
 Female0.920.05521.190.02240.540.01920.560.0079
Mexican-American
 Total0.960.04531.320.02210.490.01610.520.0078
 Male1.040.06001.530.03320.470.02520.500.0099
 Female0.870.06271.090.02480.520.02340.530.0095
Other
 Total1.070.17541.180.04530.440.03700.480.0167
 Male1.570.36881.130.07010.460.08200.460.0244
 Female0.720.05841.030.07240.420.03140.500.0233
*

Univariate analysis showed significant differences between the CVD groups (P=.04)

†Multivariate analysis (adjusted for sex, age, and race/ethnicity) showed significant differences between the CVD groups. The results are shown in Appendix C in detail.

From: Summary Tables

Cover of Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Cardiovascular Disease
Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Cardiovascular Disease.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 94.
Wang C, Chung M, Lichtenstein A, et al.

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