Table 36.1Historical Information in Dyspnea

Occurrence
 Rest
 Exertion (quantify)
 Position
  Orthopnea (dyspnea lying flat)
  Trepopnea (dyspnea in lateral position)
  Platypnea (dyspnea when upright)
 Other precipitating factors
  Environment
  Emotional state
Chronology
 Duration
 Progression
 Diurnal and seasonal variations
 Constant or intermittent
Relieving factors
 Rest
 Medications (physician and self-prescribed)
Predisposing factors
 Cigarette smoking
 Occupational and environmental exposures
Associated medical diseases and symptoms
 Pulmonary
 Cardiac
 Neuromuscular
Family history

From: Chapter 36, Dyspnea

Cover of Clinical Methods
Clinical Methods: The History, Physical, and Laboratory Examinations. 3rd edition.
Walker HK, Hall WD, Hurst JW, editors.
Boston: Butterworths; 1990.
Copyright © 1990, Butterworth Publishers, a division of Reed Publishing.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.