Table 2Inclusion and exclusion of articles from other relevant systematic evidence reviews

DiGuiseppi 2000Grossman 1999ZaZa 2001Towner 1996Whitlock 2004Dinh-Zarr 2005Foxcroft 2005Status of article in 2006 Update: Included or Excluded*
Anderson P, Scott E. The effect of general practitioners' advice to heavy drinking men. Br J Addict 87 (6):891–900, 1992. X Excluded: Does not report designated outcomes
Barone VJ An analysis of well-child parenting classes: The extent of parent compliance with health-care recommendations to decrease potential injury of their toddlers. Dissertation. University of Kansas.1988 (not requested) X Included
Bowman JA, Sanson-Fisher RW, Webb GR. Interventions in preschools to increase the use of safety restraints by preschool children. Pediatrics. 1987;79:103–9. X Excluded: Not primary care feasible
Chang A, Hearey CD, Gallagher KD, English P, Chang PC. Promoting child passenger safety in children served by a health maintenance organization. Patient Educ Couns 1989; 13(3):297–307. X X X Excluded: Quality- non-comparable groups
Christophersen ER, Sosland-Edelman D, LeClaire S. Evaluation of two comprehensive infant car seat loaner programs with 1-year follow-up. Pediatrics 1985; 76(1):36–42. X X X Excluded: Quality- 41% attrition
Colletti RB. Hospital-based rental programs to increase car seat usage. Pediatrics 1983; 71(5):771–773. X Excluded: Study design
Colletti RB. Longitudinal evaluation of a statewide network of hospital programs to improve child passenger safety. Pediatrics. 1986;77:523–29. X X Excluded: Excluded study design
Culler, C and Cunningham, JL. Compliance with the Child Passenger Protection Law: Effects of a Loaner Program for Low Income Mothers. 1980. Washington, D.C, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. X Excluded: Quality- 62% attrition rate
Curry SJ, Ludman EJ, Grothaus LC, Donovan D, Kim E. A randomized trial of a brief primary-care-based intervention for reducing at-risk drinking practices. Health Psychol. X Excluded: Focus of behavioral counseling not drinking and driving
Fleming MF, Barry KL, Manwell LB, Johnson K, London R. Brief physician advice for problem alcohol drinkers. A randomized controlled trial in community-based primary care practices. JAMA 1997; 277(13):1039–1045. X X Excluded: Does not report designated outcomes
Fleming MF, Manwell LB, Barry KL, Adams W, Stauffacher EA. Brief physician advice for alcohol problems in older adults: a randomized community-based trial. J Fam Pract 1999; 48(5):378–384. X X Excluded: Does not report designated outcomes
Fleming MF, Mundt MP, French MT, Manwell LB, Stauffacher EA, Barry KL. Brief physician advice for problem drinkers: long-term efficacy and benefit-cost analysis. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2002; 26(1):36–43. X Excluded: Focus of behavioral counseling not drinking and driving
Foss RD. Evaluation of a community-wide incentive program to promote safety restraint use. American Journal of Public Health.79(3):304–6, 1989. X Excluded: Did not meet our definition of primary care feasible**
Geddis D, Parent education: its effect on the way children are transported in cars. NZ Med J 1982; 95:314–6 X X X X Excluded: Quality- outcomes assessed by interventionist
Geddis DC, Appleton IC. Establishment and evaluation of a pilot child car seat rental scheme in New Zealand. Pediatrics. 1986;77:167–72. X X Excluded: Not primary care feasible
Goebel JB, Copps TJ, Sulayman RF. Infant car seat usage. Effectiveness of a postpartum educational program. JOGN. Nurs 1984; 13 (1):33–36. X Excluded: Quality- non blinded outcome assessment by interventionists
Goodson JG, Buller C, Goodson WH, III. Prenatal child safety education. Obstet Gynecol. 1985;65:312–15. X X Included
Hletko PJ, Hletko J Shelness A Nyberg J. The effect of a toddler/child restraint device rental program on observed correct use. 115–125. 2003. 27th Annual Conference Proceedings, American Association for Automotive Medicine. X Excluded: Quality- non-comparable groups
Hletko PJ, Hletko J, Shelness A, Nyberg J. The effect of an in-hospital maternity education program on observed correct crash restraint device use. 1982. Kalamazoo, Michigan, Borgess Pediatric Center, 26th Annual Proceedings, American Association for Automotive Medicine, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, October 4–6, 1982. X X Excluded: Quality- non-comparable groups
Hletko PJ, Robin SS, Hletko JD, Stone M. Infant safety seat use. Reaching the hard to reach. Am J Dis Child. 1987;141:1301–4. X X Excluded: Quality- 60% attrition
Jarmark, S, Ljungblom, B, and Turbell, T. Infant carriers - A trial in two counties. 316A. 1988. Linkoping, Sweden, Swedish Road and Traffic Research Institute. X X Excluded: Not primary care feasible
Liberato CP, Eriacho B, Schmiesing J, Krump M. SafeSmart Safety Seat Intervention Project: A successful program for the medically-indigent. Patient Educ Couns 1989; 13:161–170. X X X Included
Lindqvist KS. Does the use of child safety seats increase as a result of loan schemes? Accid Anal Prev. 1993;25:421–29. X X Included
Louis B, Lewis M. Increasing car seat use for toddlers from inner-city families. American Journal of Public Health. 1997;87:1044–45. X Excluded: Not primary care feasible
Loveland-Cherry CJ, RossLT, Kaufman SR. Effects of a home-based family intervention on adolescent alcohol use and misuse. J Stud Alcohol Suppl 13:94–102, 1999. X Excluded: Not primary care feasible
Manwell LB, Fleming MF, Mundt MP, Stauffacher EA, Barry KL. Treatment of problem alcohol use in women of childbearing age: results of a brief intervention trial. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2000; 24(10):1517–1524. X Excluded: Does not report designated outcomes
Moffit PB. Effects of a child auto restraint education and loan program on restraint use. Dissertation, University of Utah, 1981 X Excluded: Quality- non comparable groups; no intention to treat
Nichol KP, Cooney CE. The impact of a hospital-based educational loaner infant car seat program on infant car seat usage in a community. Travel Medicine International 1984; 2(3):155–158. X X Excluded: Quality- non-comparable groups
Palinkas LA, Atkins CJ, Miller C, Ferreira D. Social skills training for drug prevention in high-risk female adolescents. Preventive Medicine. 25 (6):692–701, 1996. X Excluded: Does not report designated outcomes
Potamianos G, North WR, Meade TW, Townsend J, Peters TJ. Randomised trial of community-based centre versus conventional hospital management in treatment of alcoholism. Lancet 1986; 2(8510):797–799. X Excluded: Not a primary care population
Roberts I, Kramer MS, Suissa S. Does home visiting prevent childhood injury? A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. BMJ 1996; 312(7022):29–33. X Excluded: Not primary care feasible
Roberts MC, Layfield DA. Promoting child passenger safety: a comparison of two positive methods. J Pediatr Psychol 12:257–271, 1987. X Excluded: Did not meet our definition of primary care feasible**
Roberts MC, Turner DS. Rewarding parents for their children's use of safety seats. J Pediatr Psychol 11:25–36, 1986. X Excluded: Did not meet our definition of primary care feasible**
Saalberg J, Morrison A. Household Survey. Evaluation of the League General Insurance Company child safety seat distribution program; DOT HS 806 253. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation; National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; 1982: 63–120. X Excluded: Not primary care feasible
Saalberg J, Morrison A. Restraint Use and Injury Experience. Evaluation of the League General Insurance Company child safety seat distribution program; DOT HS 806 253. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation; National Highway Traffic Safety X Excluded: Not primary care feasible
St Pierre TL, Kaltreider DL, Mark MM, Aikin KJ. Drug prevention in a community setting: a longitudinal study of the relative effectiveness of a three-year primary prevention program in boys & girls clubs across the nation. American Journal of Community Psychology. 20 (6): 673–706, 1992. X Excluded: Does not report designated outcomes
Stuy M, Green M, Doll J. Child care centers: a community resource for injury prevention. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics 14(4): 224–9. 1993. X X Excluded: Not primary care feasible
Tietge NS, Bender SJ, Scutchfield FD. Influence of teaching techniques on infant car seat use. Patient Educ Couns. 1987; 9:167–75. X Included
Williams, GE An analysis of well-child parenting classes: An early start to injury prevention. Dissertation, University of Kansas 1988 (not requested) X Excluded: Quality- 65% attrition

X = included in listed SER

*

May have been excluded for more than one reason.

**

Based on description of study in SER; did not review original article

From: Appendix E: Inclusion and exclusion of articles from relevant Systematic Evidence Reviews

Cover of Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Motor Vehicle Occupant Injuries
Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Motor Vehicle Occupant Injuries [Internet].
Evidence Syntheses, No. 51.
Williams S, Whitlock E, Smith P, et al.

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