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Varki A, Cummings RD, Esko JD, et al., editors. Essentials of Glycobiology [Internet]. 3rd edition. Cold Spring Harbor (NY): Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press; 2015-2017.

Cover of Essentials of Glycobiology

Essentials of Glycobiology [Internet]. 3rd edition.

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Online Appendix 1BSymbol Nomenclature for Glycans (SNFG)

Published online: ; Last Update: September 5, 2017.

Citation: Symbol Nomenclature for Graphical Representation of Glycans, Glycobiology 25: 1323-1324, 2015. Citation link (PMID 26543186).

A universal symbol nomenclature for the graphical representation of glycan structures was proposed1 in 2015 to facilitate the standardization of how glycans are visually depicted, and is used throughout this book. The Symbol Nomenclature for Glycans was developed as a collaboration amongst the editors of this book, and an extended community advisory group. The nomenclature will now undergo periodic updates at a separate NCBI Page. The most recent version of the SNFG can be found here.

See also:

History of the SNFG

Organizations and Publications Adopting SNFG

Software tools supporting SNFG



Varki A, Cummings RD, Aebi M, Packer NH, Seeberger PH, Esko JD, Stanley P, Hart G, Darvill A, Kinoshita T, Prestegard JJ, Schnaar RL, et al. 2015. Symbol nomenclature for graphical representations of glycans. Glycobiology 25: 1323–1324. (PMID 26543186).

Copyright 2015-2017 by The Consortium of Glycobiology Editors, La Jolla, California. All rights reserved.

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Bookshelf ID: NBK310273


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