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Feingold KR, Anawalt B, Boyce A, et al., editors. Endotext [Internet]. South Dartmouth (MA):, Inc.; 2000-.

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Table 11Phytotherapy used in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia

Phytotherapeutic plant extractProposed Mechanism of action
Saw palmetto- fruit
(Serenoa repens)
Antiandrogenic, Anti-inflammatory
African plum- bark
(Pygeum africanum)
Antiandrogenic, potential growth factor manipulation, anti-inflammation actions
Pumpkin- seed
(Cucurbita pepo)
Phytosterols are thought to be amongst the active compounds
Cernilton- pollen
(Secale cereal, Rye)
Inhibition of alpha adrenergic receptors
South African star grass- root
(Hypoxis rooperi)
Antiandrogenic, alteration in detrusor function
Stinging nettle- rootSteroid hormone manipulation reducing prostate growth
Opuntia- flower
Pinus- flower

From: Benign Prostate Disorders

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