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National Research Council (US) Chemical Sciences Roundtable. Strengthening High School Chemistry Education Through Teacher Outreach Programs: A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2009.

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Strengthening High School Chemistry Education Through Teacher Outreach Programs: A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable.

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ORGANIZERS

Mark J. Cardillo is the executive director of the Camille & Henry Dreyfus Foundation. Dr. Cardillo received his bachelor of science degree from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1964 and his Ph.D. degree in chemistry from Cornell University in 1970. He was a research associate at Brown University, a CNR research scientist at the University of Genoa, and a PRF research fellow in the Mechanical Engineering Department at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 1975, Dr. Cardillo joined Bell Laboratories as a member of the technical staff in the Surface Physics Department. He was appointed head of the Chemical Physics Research Department in 1981 and subsequently named head of the Photonics Materials Research Department. Most recently, he held the position of director of Broad Band Access Research. Dr. Cardillo is a fellow of the American Physical Society. He has been the Phillips lecturer at Haverford College and a Langmuir lecturer of the American Chemical Society. He received the Medard Welch Award of the American Vacuum Society in 1987, the Innovations in Real Materials Award in 1998, and the Pel Associates Award in Applied Polymer Chemistry in 2000.

William F. Carroll is vice president of Occidental Chemical Corporation in Dallas, Texas, and an adjunct industrial professor of chemistry at Indiana University. He served as American Chemical Society (ACS) president in 2005 and as a member of the ACS Board of Directors from 2004 to 2006. He is the former chair of International Activities Committee at ACS. He earned a B.A. from DePauw, an M.S. from Tulane University (1975), and a Ph.D. from Indiana University (1978). Carroll has been an ACS member since 1974 and has served on a number of committees. He holds memberships in the Society of Plastics Engineers; American Association for the Advancement of Science; National Organization for the Professional Advancement of Black Chemists and Chemical Engineers; and National Fire Protection Association; he was the recipient of the Vinyl Institute Roy T. Gottesman Leadership Award in 2000.

Alex Harris is chair of Brookhaven National Laboratory’s Chemistry Department. Dr. Harris earned a B.A. in chemistry from Swarthmore College in 1978 and a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the University of California at Berkeley in 1985. He joined AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey (now Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies), in 1985 as a member of the technical staff, Chemical Physics Research, and became head of the Materials Chemistry Research Department in 1996. In 2000, he joined Agere Systems, Allentown, Pennsylvania, as director of the Guided Wave and Electro-optics Research Department, a position he held until he came to Brookhaven in 2003.

SPEAKERS

Roxie Allen teaches science in the Upper School of St. John’s School in Houston, Texas. She was first appointed as a teacher at the school in 1990 after obtaining a B.S. from Texas A&M University and an M.S. from the University of Houston. She is also the past president of the Association of Chemistry Teachers of Texas (ACT2). Roxie’s dedication to chemistry education extends beyond her classroom; she recently completed her three-year term as a mentor with the U.S. Chemistry Olympiad. From 2004 to 2006, Roxie helped direct the lecture and laboratory components of the U.S. Chemistry Olympiad Camp attended by the 20 top scorers on the national exam.

L. Anthony Beck received his Ph.D. in molecular biology and biochemistry from the University of California, Irvine, and Brookhaven National Laboratory and his postdoctoral training in Denver at both the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center on the molecular biology of brain development and the Eleanor Roosevelt Institute for Cancer Research on the posttranslational processing and nuclear targeting of hepatic and viral proteins. In 1990, he was hired by Life Technologies, Inc. (LTI), in Gaithersburg, Maryland, to establish its Molecular Biology and Cell Culture Training Center. In 1992, he moved to Cellco, Inc., a hollow-fiber bioreactor company based in Germantown, Maryland, where he held managerial positions in Research Applications, Drug Discovery, and Asia Pacific Business Development. In 1997 and 1998, Dr. Beck was a consultant for Walter Reed Army Medical Center and the American Registry of Pathology on protocol development for hollow fiber-based zero-gravity cell culture experiments for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA’s) Space Shuttle program. In 1998, he co-founded Tissue Engineering Sciences (TES), Inc., where he served as vice president for Research & Development (R&D). TES’ R&D portfolio included bioartificial blood vessels, ex vivo arterial perfusion models, and in vitro blood-brain barrier and pharmacokinetic systems. In 2000, Dr. Beck joined the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) as a scientific review administrator; he moved to the National Center for Research Resources (NCRR) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in 2002 where his programmatic responsibilities include the trans-NIH R24 Human Embryonic Stem Cell Infrastructure Awards, the S07 Human Subjects Research Enhancement Program, M01 General Clinical Research Centers, and the R25 Science Education Partnership Award.

Constance Blasie is the program director of the University of Pennsylvania’s Science Teacher Institute (STI), which offers a master of chemistry education program and a master of integrated science education program to improve the science content knowledge of in-service science teachers. Since her retirement in 1995 from a 30-year career as a secondary-level mathematics teacher, department chair, and curriculum developer in suburban Philadelphia, Blasie has been instrumental in the design, development, and implementation of the two STI master’s degree programs. She is a graduate of the University of Michigan.

Katharine Covert is the program director for Chemistry Centers and Special Projects at the National Science Foundation (NSF) Division of Chemistry. She joined the division in 2001 and has worked in many programs, including the Inorganic Program; Collaboratives, Environmental Molecular Science Institutes; Discovery Corps Fellows; Research Experience for Undergraduates; and now the Chemistry Centers. Kathy did her undergraduate work at the College of William and Mary (B.S., 1985) and her graduate work at Cornell University (Ph.D., 1991) and then went to the University of Oregon for a postdoctoral position. She taught at West Virginia University and Bates College before moving to NSF.

Hai-Lung Dai became the dean of the College of Science and Technology at Temple University in January 2007. Previously, he was the Hirschmann-Makineni Professor, chair of Chemistry, and founding director of the Science Teacher Institute at the University of Pennsylvania. Dai came to the United States for graduate study in chemistry in 1976 at the University of California, Berkeley, after graduation from the National Taiwan University and military service. After a postdoctoral stint at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) he arrived at Penn as an assistant professor in 1984. Dai was promoted to full professor in 1992 and was the chairman of the Chemistry Department from 1996 to 2002, during which time he established the M.S. in chemistry education program that has trained more than 100 in-service high school chemistry teachers. Under his leadership at Temple University’s College of Science and Technology, in collaboration with the College of Education, he established the TUteach program aimed at attracting math and science majors for pedagogical training to become content-prepared math and science teachers. As an accomplished researcher, he has published more than 150 papers in the areas of molecular and surface sciences and received numerous honors including a Dreyfus Foundation Teacher-Scholar Award, a Sloan Fellowship, the Coblentz Prize in Molecular Spectroscopy, the Morino Lectureship (Japan), a Humboldt Fellowship (Germany), the American Chemical Society Philadelphia Section Award, and a Guggenheim Fellowship and the Ellis Lippincott Award in Spectroscopy. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society and was elected by the membership to be the chair of the Chemical Physics Division of the American Physical Society in 2006.

Reeny D. Davison is the executive director of ASSET (Achieving Student Success Through Excellence in Teaching) Inc., a nonprofit organization that works to continuously improve teaching and learning through science education. She earned a B.A. in German and English from San Jose State University and spent the junior year studying abroad at the Free University in Berlin. She earned an M.A. in German literature and cultural history and a TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) certificate from the University of Pittsburgh in 1989. Reeny also received an Ed.D. in educational leadership from Duquesne University in 2000. After working at McKinsey and Company, Inc., for two years she began her teaching career in the Netherlands and taught at the college and adult level for more than 20 years. She employs both her education and her business skills to ensure ASSET’s entrepreneurial growth. She has received several awards for her work at ASSET from institutions such as Duquesne University and Carlow College.

Jeffery Dilks is a staff member in the Office of Workforce Development in the Office of Science of the Department of Energy. He also serves as editor of the Department of Energy’s Journal of Undergraduate Research. He has a B.A. in physics from the University of Illinois and an M.S. in the history of science and technology from Illinois State University (ISU). During his time as a physics teacher at Ames High School in Iowa, he was one of 24 science teachers chosen for the Quark-Net project in 1999. The project aimed to expose high school teachers to the experiments being conducted and was successful; Dilks built a new Cerenkov calorimeter for use at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) Large Hadron Collider. Dilks was named a 2006–2007 Albert Einstein fellow.

Caryn Galatis teaches chemistry at Thomas Edison High School in Fairfax, Virginia. Galatis earned a B.S. in chemistry from Mary Washington College and an M.Ed. from the University of Virginia. She has been a science and math teacher in Fairfax County Public Schools for 30 years, teaching primarily chemistry. Galatis has taught all levels of chemistry, general through advanced placement and international baccalaureate, and has been the Science Department chair at Edison. since 1989. Besides her teaching responsibilities, Galatis has been very involved in curriculum and staff development work both in Fairfax County and in other parts of Virginia. In the summers she teaches an online chemistry course and works on Standards of Learning content review for the State of Virginia. In 1991, Galatis was selected as chemistry teacher of the year by the American Chemical Society.

Penny J. Gilmer is a professor in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at Florida State University (FSU). Gilmer received her Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of California, Berkeley, and held two fellowships at Stanford until joining the FSU faculty in 1977. In her quest to be a “lifelong learner,” Professor Gilmer earned her D. Sc.Ed. in science and mathematics education from Curtin University of Technology in 2004. Currently, her primary research interests lie in science education. Professor Gilmer has been recognized for her “innovative research and teaching on how to bring science and technology, particularly ethics in science, to students and the community” by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Professor Gilmer is a mentor to both students and teachers, encouraging the use of action research to evaluate areas for improvement in teaching and learning. She also serves as the principal investigator of an FSU subcontract for a project entitled “Science Collaboration: Immersion, Inquiry, Innovation,” with the Panhandle Area Educational Consortium, funded through the State of Florida. She is the co-editor of Transforming Undergraduate Science Teaching: Social Constructivist Perspectives (Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., 2002).

Bryce Hach is the executive director of the Hach Scientific Foundation and a former high school science teacher. Since 2005, the Hach Foundation has focused on chemistry education from kindergarten to high school. To strengthen the field of science education, the Second Career Chemistry Teacher Scholarship was established in 2007 to encourage career chemists to become chemistry teachers. Hach holds a bachelor’s degree in history and biology and a master’s in public policy management.

Kiara Delle Hargrove strives to motivate urban high school students in chemistry as a science teacher at Baltimore Polytechnic Institute, one of Maryland’s top-performing high schools. Hargrove frequently turns lessons into fun, active experiments, such as her demonstration about distilling water from a can of soda, which became a competition to see who could distill the most water. She integrates reading and writing strategies into her lessons, insisting that the composition of her students’ science papers be as accurate as the science and math. Teaching a variety of academic levels simultaneously, from special education to gifted-level courses, she differentiates instruction to reach every student. Hargrove facilitates remedial math and science study skills among incoming freshmen through the Summer Bridge Program, and serves as the ninth-grade adviser. As co-adviser for the Math Engineering and Science Association (MESA), she helps elevate the study of math and science among girls, especially African Americans, at Sudbrook Magnet Middle School. Hargrove was chair of the School Improvement Team from 2006 to 2007 and is coauthor of the School Improvement Plan. She has influenced many of her fellow teachers to go beyond traditional approaches to teaching. In 2007, she was one of the 75 recipients of the Milken National Educator Award.

Brian J. Kennedy teaches chemistry and is the director of the Chemical Analysis Research Laboratory at Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology (TJHSST). He holds a Ph.D. in analytical chemistry from the University of Wyoming (1997) and a B.S. in chemistry and B.S. in physical science from Radford University. He is currently enrolled in a graduate education leadership program at George Mason University. Prior to teaching at TJHSST, Kennedy taught science for three years through Teach for America and also completed several years as a National Research Council (NRC) postdoctoral research assistant at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Grounds, in Maryland. During the last seven years at TJHSST, Kennedy has taught all levels of chemistry and sponsors the school’s Chemistry Olympiad Team. Kennedy is the recipient of the American Chemical Society Capitol Society of Washington 2008 Leo Schubert Memorial Award for the Outstanding Teaching of High School Chemistry.

Mary M. Kirchhoff is the director of the American Chemical Society Education Division. She holds a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from the University of New Hampshire, an M.S. degree in chemistry from Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and a B.A. in chemistry from Russell Sage College, Troy, N.Y. Kirchhoff served as assistant director for special projects in the Education Division and was assistant director of the ACS Green Chemistry Institute for three years, where she managed day-to-day operations of the institute. Prior to joining ACS, she worked at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and was an associate professor and an assistant professor of chemistry at Trinity College in Washington, DC. In 2007, Kirchhoff was named a AAAS fellow, “for leadership in promoting the environmentally sound practice of green chemistry in education and research.” Kirchhoff is a coauthor of Designing Safer Polymers (Wiley-IEEE, 2000) and co-editor of Greener Approaches to Undergraduate Chemistry Experiments (ACS, 2002).

Michael Klein, professor of chemistry and physical sciences and director of Penn Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter, was cited by the National Academy of Sciences for work that has led to physically significant and predictive descriptions of hydrogen-bonded liquids, self-assembled monolayers, supercooled liquids, conducting fluids, and biological membranes. Klein has devised computational methods to predict how the properties of matter respond to changes in pressure and temperature and is noted for his computer simulations of molecular materials. Klein, who has authored approximately 500 papers in research journals, ranks as the world’s 96th most-cited chemist, according to an Institute for Scientific Information analysis of research papers published from 1981 to 1997. He has edited three books and serves on the editorial boards of numerous journals. He was a Guggenheim fellow in 1989–1990 and is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the Chemical Institute of Canada, and the American Physical Society. Klein joined the Penn faculty in 1987 after 19 years at the National Research Council Canada (NRCC), culminating as principal research officer in the NRCC Chemistry Division. He received a B.Sc. in 1961 and Ph.D. in 1964 from the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom.

Sandra Laursen is co-director of Ethnography & Evaluation Research (E&ER), an independent research unit at the University of Colorado at Boulder. E&ER is an interdisciplinary team that conducts research and evaluation studies of education and career paths in science, engineering, and mathematics. Recent projects have examined the advancement of academic women scientists, programs to enhance the success of minority science students, outreach programs in biology and geology, and a multicampus initiative to improve undergraduate mathematics education. A new study is investigating graduate education and career preparation in chemistry, and a forthcoming book discusses the outcomes of undergraduate research apprenticeships in the sciences. In addition to her research and evaluation work, Laursen is an outreach scientist at the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, where she leads courses and workshops on earth science and physical science and inquiry-based teaching methods for K-12 teachers, college instructors, and scientists involved in outreach. She has a Ph.D. in physical chemistry, with research experience in photochemistry, free radical reactions, and atmospheric chemical kinetics.

Bridget McCourt is the Director of Bayer Corporation’s Making Science Make Sense® science literacy initiative. Prior to joining Bayer in 2006, she worked as communication representative at NOVA Chemicals. Bridget earned her B.A. in history from St. Mary’s of Notre Dame in 1993.

Sergey Nizkorodov is an associate professor of chemistry at the University of California, Irvine (UCI). He earned his M.S. degree in biochemistry at Novosibirsk State University and his Ph.D. degree in physical chemistry at the University of Basel. Professor Nizkorodov is the principal investigator in the Aerosol Photochemistry Group (http://aerosol.chem. uci.edu), a component of the NSF-funded AirUCI institute. His research focuses on the interaction between solar radiation and atmospheric aerosols and on indoor air pollution. In 2005, he was awarded the Coblentz Award as an outstanding young molecular spectroscopist. He is a recipient of the 2007 Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award and the 2006 UCI School of Physical Sciences Award for Outstanding Contributions to Undergraduate Education for his educational work at UCI.

Gil Pacey is currently leading the Miami University Nano-technology Initiative that is charged with incorporating nanotechnology into the teaching and research of Miami University. His current research efforts focus on nanotechnology and microfluidics in order to develop a “smart nozzle” technology, in which the nozzle is capable of detecting the components of the substance being pumped through and providing necessary feedback to the controlling system. Pacey has served on the faculty of Miami University of Ohio since 1979, and currently serves as both the associate dean for Research and Scholarship and the director of the Miami University Center for Nanotechnology within the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. He previously served as the director of the Ohio Micromachining Analytical Chemistry Consortium (1997–2001). Professor Pacey received his Ph.D. in 1979 from Loyola University of Chicago, where his graduate and postgraduate adviser was Carl E. Moore. The author of more than 100 publications, Professor Pacey has eight years of experience as an industry consultant.

Joan Prival is the lead program director for the Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship program in the Division of Undergraduate Education at the National Science Foundation. In addition, she serves as a program director in the Math and Science Partnership program and the Advanced Technological Education program. She received a B.A. degree in biological sciences from Wellesley College and a Ph.D. in biochemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. As a research biochemist, she conducted studies on blood cell differentiation and leukemia at the National Cancer Institute. Prior to coming to NSF in 1997, she served as an education policy specialist for 14 years with the Washington DC, public schools. In 1999 she was awarded a fellowship from the Japan Society for Promoting Science to study teacher preparation in Japan. She has received four NSF Director’s Awards, including the NSF Director’s Award for Superior Accomplishment in 2002.

Patricia M. Soochan received a bachelor and a master of science degree from George Washington University in 1977 and 1981, respectively. In 1982 she became a biochemist at Bethesda Research Labs, later to be known as Life Technologies. Her work included conducting biotechnology workshops in France and Brazil. In 1987 she became a senior information specialist at Social and Scientific Systems, a consultant to the National Cancer Institute. There, she worked with physicians in preparing reports of investigational cancer therapies. In 1991 she joined the National Science Foundation as a science assistant-biologist involved in grants management in the cell biology program. In 1994 she joined the undergraduate science education program at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, where she is now a program officer engaged in all aspects of competition and award management from system design to policy development, with an emphasis on college grantees.

Kathryn D. Sullivan was named director, Battelle Center for Mathematics and Science Education Policy at the John Glenn School of Public Affairs, Ohio State University, Columbus, in October 2006. The center addresses the nation’s global competitiveness by developing policies and practices to increase the number of students in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields. Sullivan previously served as president and chief executive officer of the Center of Science and Industry (COSI), a dynamic center of hands-on science learning, where she now volunteers as a science adviser. Prior to joining COSI, Sullivan was the chief scientist of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Sullivan is a veteran of three Space Shuttle missions and the first American woman to walk in space. She holds a bachelor of science degree in earth sciences from University of California at Santa Cruz and a Ph.D. in oceanography from Dalhousie University (Nova Scotia). She was appointed to the National Science Board in 2004 and elected vice chairman in 2006.

Robert H. Tai is an associate professor in the Curry School of Education at the University of Virginia. After receiving a B.A. and B.S. in mathematics and physics (1986) from the University of Florida, Professor Tai went on to earn his M.S. in physics from the University of Illinois in 1987. After working as a research assistant in the Nuclear Physics Laboratory at the University of Illinois, Professor Tai taught physics in Illinois and Texas. Professor Tai earned his Ed.M. (1994) and Ed.D. (1998) in science education from the Harvard University Graduate School of Education, where he then worked as a researcher and teaching fellow. Professor Tai has taught 15 college courses on science education between his previous position at the College of Staten Island and his current position at the University of Virginia. In May 2008, Professor Tai was recognized with the 2008 Award for Education Research Leadership from the Council of Scientific Society Presidents for his widely cited research into the factors that lead students to become scientists.

Irwin Talesnick is a professor emeritus at Queen’s University in Ontario. He continues to create and distribute educational and fascinating demonstrations through his company, S17 Science Supplies and Services. His experiences include a lifetime of teaching, of training teachers, of providing educational materials for others to use, and of giving workshops. Starting in 1960, he taught high school chemistry, physics, and general science in Toronto. Then for 25 years he was a professor of chemical education at the Faculty of Education at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario, preparing new teachers for a life in the classroom. Talesnick has been the recipient of the Science Association of Ontario’s (STAO/ APSO) Life Member and Service Awards. In 1993, the year he retired from Queen’s University, the STAO/APSO Excellence in Teaching Award was replaced with the Irwin Talesnick Award for Excellence in the Teaching of Science. Since his retirement, he has expanded his workshop and lecturing schedule, which over the years has taken him from Canada to the United States, Mexico, England, Wales, China, Sweden, and Israel. Irwin was the chair of the ChemEd conferences in 1987 and 1989 at Queen’s University in Kingston, and in 2001 at York University in Toronto. He has been a presenter at all of the ChemEd conferences since their beginning in 1973 at Waterloo.

Gerald Wheeler joined as executive director of the National Science Teachers Association in 1995. He received an undergraduate degree in science education from Boston University and a master’s degree in physics and a Ph.D. in experimental nuclear physics, both from the State University of New York at Stony Brook. Between undergraduate and graduate school, he taught high school physics, chemistry, and physical science. For much of his career, Dr. Wheeler has played a key role in the development of mass media projects that showcase science for students. Prior to joining the National Science Teachers Association, Dr. Wheeler was director of the Science/Math Resource Center and professor of physics at Montana State University. He also headed the AAAS Public Understanding of Science and Technology Division and has served as president of the American Association of Physics Teachers. He is a fellow of the W. K. Kellogg Foundation and AAAS and has served on advisory boards and committees for the American Institute of Physics and the National Assessment of Educational Progress.

Kenneth White has served as manager of the Office of Educational Programs (OEP) at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Brookhaven National Laboratory since 2004. White earned a B.S. with concentrations in engineering technology and education from the University of the State of New York, Regents College, Albany, in 1990 and an M.B.A. from Dowling College in 2003. From 1978 to 1986, he served in the U.S. Navy as a nuclear training instructor, a lead engineering laboratory technician, and an engineering watch supervisor. In 1987, he became supervisor of Training Program Development for the Long Island Lighting Company, and in 1990, he joined Brookhaven Lab as a senior reactor support specialist at the High Flux Beam Reactor (HFBR). In 1994, he became leader of the Water Chemistry Group at the HFBR. In 1998, White was appointed as the special assistant to the assistant laboratory director for Community, Education, Government and Public Affairs (CEGPA) and manager of Environmental Management Community Relations within CEGPA. In addition to serving as interim OEP manager since December 2003 until his appointment as manager, he also filled that position from 2000 to 2001. A past president of the Long Island Section of the American Nuclear Society, White is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society Training Excellence Award and the Brookhaven Award for distinguished service to the laboratory.

Copyright © 2009, National Academy of Sciences.
Bookshelf ID: NBK26413

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