TABLE 3-11Hazard Ratios for Racial/Ethnic Differences in Elderly Mortality Risk, United States, 1989-1997

Hazard Ratios of Mortalitya
Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5
Race/ethnicity [non-Hispanic white]b
      Non-Hispanic black1.13***1.41***1.41***1.34***1.30***
      Mexican American0.83**0.850.880.830.80
      Other Hispanic0.85***0.870.970.960.93
      Asian/Pacific Islander0.63***0.36***0.41***0.41***0.43***
      Native American1.001.191.191.151.11
Gender [female]
      Male1.72***1.72***1.72***1.73***1.76***
Age, continuous in years1.09***1.09***1.09***1.09***1.09***
Age * race/ethnicity
      Age * non-Hispanic black0.98***0.98***0.98***0.98***
      Age * Mexican American1.001.001.001.00
      Age * other Hispanic1.001.001.001.00
      Age * Asian/Pacific Islander1.05***1.05***1.05***1.05***
      Age * Native American0.990.990.980.99
Nativity/duration [U.S. born]
      Foreign born, <10 years in U.S.0.74*0.73**0.74*
      Foreign born, 10+ years in U.S.0.82***0.82***0.82***
Education [16+ years]
      0-8 years1.35***1.24***
      9-11 years1.29***1.18***
      12 years1.20***1.13***
      13-15 years1.10*1.05
Income [$45,000+]
      Low ($0-$15,999)1.36***
      Medium ($16,000-$29,999)1.18***
      High ($30,000-$44,999)1.11*
      Missing1.17***
−2 * log-likelihood727,370.4727,315.6727,263.8727,092.5726,941.7
Degrees of freedom712141822
N82,04082,04082,04082,04082,040
a

Weighted data.

b

Reference categories are in brackets.

NOTES: *** = p < 0.001, ** = p < 0.01, * = p < 0.05.

SOURCE: National Health Interview Survey—Multiple Cause of Death linked file (NCHS, 2000).

From: 3, Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health and Mortality Among the U.S. Elderly Population

Cover of Critical Perspectives on Racial and Ethnic Differences in Health in Late Life
Critical Perspectives on Racial and Ethnic Differences in Health in Late Life.
National Research Council (US) Panel on Race, Ethnicity, and Health in Later Life; Anderson NB, Bulatao RA, Cohen B, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2004.
Copyright © 2004, National Academy of Sciences.

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