TABLE 1OVERVIEW OF APPROACH TO SBIR PROGRAM ASSESSMENT

SBIR Assessment Parameters →Quality of ResearchCommercialization of SBIR Funded Research/Economic and non-Economic benefitsSmall Business Innovation/GrowthUse of Small Businesses to Advance Agency Missions
Questions How does the quality of SBIR funded research compare with that of other government funded R&D?What is the overall economic impact of SBIR funded research? What fraction of that impact is attributable to SBIR funding?How to broaden participation and replenish contractors? What is the link between SBIR and state/regional programs?How to increase agency uptake while continuing to support high risk research
MeasuresPeer review scores Publication counts Citation analysisSales; follow up funding; progress; IPOPatent counts and other IP / employment growth, number of new technology firmsAgency procurement of products resulting from SBIR work
Tools°Case Studies, Agency Program Studies, Study of Repeat Winners, Bibliometric AnalysisPhase II surveys, Program Manager Surveys, Case Studies, Study of Repeat WinnersPhase I and Phase II surveys, Case Studies, Study of Repeat Winners, Bibiometric AnalysisProgram Manager Surveys, Case Studies, Agency Program Studies, Study of Repeat Winners
Key Research ChallengesDifficulty of measuring quality and of identifying proper reference groupSkew of returns; Significant interagency and inter-industry differencesMeasures of actual success and failure at the project and firm level; Relationship of federal and state programs in this contextMajor interagency differences in use of SBIR to meet agency missions
°

Supplementary tools may be developed and used as needed.

From: Executive Summary

Cover of An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program: Project Methodology
An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program: Project Methodology.
National Research Council (US) Committee on Capitalizing on Science, Technology, and Innovation: An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2004.
Copyright © 2004, National Academy of Sciences.

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