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Neuro-Linguistic Programming for the Treatment of Adults with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, General Anxiety Disorder, or Depression: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines [Internet]. Ottawa (ON): Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health; 2014 Nov 3.

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Neuro-Linguistic Programming for the Treatment of Adults with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, General Anxiety Disorder, or Depression: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines [Internet].

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SUMMARY OF EVIDENCE

Quantity of Research Available

The literature search yielded 399 citations. After screening of abstracts from the literature search and from other sources, 7 potentially relevant studies were selected for full-text review. One evidence-based guideline was included in this review.

The PRISMA flowchart in Appendix 1 details the process of the study selection.

Summary of Study Characteristics

A SIGN clinical guideline published in 2010 developed recommendations based on evidence of non-pharmaceutical management of depression in adults such as psychological therapies including NLP, self-help, life style modification, herbal and nutritional supplements, complementary and alternative therapies.13 The guideline carried out an explicit literature search strategy from 1998 to 2008 with specific criteria on patient group (adult patients with only mild to moderate depression given the nature of treatment approaches, with formal diagnosis by ICD (International Classification of Disease) 9 or 10, DSM (Diagnostic Statistical Manual) III or IV, no comorbidities) and outcomes.

Summary of Critical Appraisal

The SIGN guideline “Non-pharmaceutical management of depression in adults” is a rigorous guideline, with clear scope and purpose, based on a comprehensive systematic literature review, formulating recommendations which are specific, unambiguous and that can be generalized to adults with depression. The guideline was developed by multidisciplinary groups of practicing clinicians. Potential cost implications of applying the recommendation were not described.

Details of the strengths and limitations of the included studies are summarized in Appendix 2.

Summary of Findings

Main findings of included studies are summarized in detail in Appendix 3.

1. What is the clinical effectiveness of NLP for the treatment of adults with PTSD, GAD, or depression?

The literature search did not find clinical evidence on NLP for the treatment of adults with PTSD, GAD, or depression

2. What are the guidelines associated with the use of NLP for the treatment of adults with PTSD, GAD, or depression?

Despite strong recommendations on the use of psychosocial therapies such as behavioural activation, cognitive behavioural therapy, interpersonal therapy, the guideline reported that no evidence on the use of NLP specific to depression and meeting guideline inclusion criteria was identified.

Limitations

No clinical evidence on NLP for the treatment of adults with PTSD, GAD, or depression and no guidelines on the use of NLP on patients with PTSD or GAD were identified. One guideline on non-pharmacological therapies for depression did not identify any evidence on the use of NLP.

Copyright © 2014 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health.

Copyright: This report contains CADTH copyright material and may contain material in which a third party owns copyright. This report may be used for the purposes of research or private study only. It may not be copied, posted on a web site, redistributed by email or stored on an electronic system without the prior written permission of CADTH or applicable copyright owner.

Links: This report may contain links to other information available on the websites of third parties on the Internet. CADTH does not have control over the content of such sites. Use of third party sites is governed by the owners’ own terms and conditions.

Except where otherwise noted, this work is distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial- NoDerivatives 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND), a copy of which is available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Bookshelf ID: NBK254048

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