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National Research Council (US) Committee to Update Science, Medicine, and Animals. Science, Medicine, and Animals. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2004.

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Science, Medicine, and Animals.

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Resources and Web Links

Advances in Medicine through Animal Research. Americans for Medical Progress Educational Foundation, http://www.ampef.org/history.htm.

Significant Events of the Last 125 Years. American Society for Microbiology, http://www.asmusa.org/mbrsrc/archive/SIGNIFICANT.htm.

FDA History. US Food and Drug Administration, http://www.fda.gov/oc/history/.

Science and Conscience: The Animal Experimentation Controversy. The Humane Society of the United States. National Association for Humane and Environmental Education, www.humaneteen.org.

In the Name of Science: Issues in Responsible Animal Experimentation. F. Barbara Orlans. Oxford University Press, New York, 1993.

The Scalpel and The Butterfly: The War Between the Animal Research and Animal Protection. Deborah Rudacille. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 2000.

The Animal Research Controversy: Protest, Process and Public Policy. An Analysis of Strategic Issues. Andrew N. Rowan and Franklin M. Loew with Joan Weer. Tufts Center for Animals and Public Policy, N. Grafton, MA, 1995.

Of Mice, Models and Men. A Critical Analysis of Animal Research. Andrew N. Rowan. State University of New York Press, Albany, 1984.

Animal Research Is Vital to Medicine. Jack H. Botting and Adrian R. Morrison. Scientific American: http://www.sciam.com/0297issue/0297botting.html. [PubMed: 9000766]

Issues and Answers. Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Center for Animal Welfare. http://labanimalwelfare.org/product_testing.html#crueltyfree.

The Black Death. American University Trade and Environment Database, http://www.american.edu/TED/BUBONIC.HTM.

Robert Koch, Top-Biography.com.

What is Biomedical Research?. Michigan Society for Medical Research, http://www.mismr.org/educational/biomedres.html.

Laboratory Animal Law. Kevin Dolan, Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2000.

The Use of Animals as Models of Humans in Biomedical Research. Dr. Michael Festing.

Animals and Alternatives in Testing—History, Science and Ethics. Joanne Zurlo, Deborah Rudacille and Alan M. Goldberg, Mary Ann Liebert Inc., New York, 1994.

RESOURCES FOR TEACHERS AND STUDENTS

(posters, books, pamphlets, brochures, newsletters)

The ABCs of Animal Research—a colorful glossary explaining the use of animals in research and testing and the benefits animal research has produced. For middle and high schools. Contact Massachusetts Society for Medical Research at 978-251-1556 or www.msmr.org.

Animal Research: Fact vs. Myth—provides up-to-date answers to common misconceptions about animal research. Refutes the major claims of the antiresearch element of the animal rights movement. Contact the Foundation for Biomedical Research at 202-457-0654 or www.fbresearch.org.

Animal Sheets—set of four reference sheets detailing the contributions of different species to specific research advances. Set includes sheets on rodents, cats, dogs, nonhuman primates, and other animals. Contact the Foundation for Biomedical Research at 202-457-0654 or www.fbresearch.org.

Biologists Discover Amazing Things—a colorful classroom poster outlining the contributions many animal species make to biomedical advances. For middle and high schools. Contact the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology at 301-530-7000 or www.faseb.org.

Caring for Laboratory Animals—discusses the humane use of animals in research and explains how animals are used as research subjects and veterinary patients. Also covers legal protection of animals in research and explains the accreditation process for facilities. Contact the Foundation for Biomedical Research at 202-457-0654 or www.fbresearch.org.

Casey's Awakening—an illustrated storybook describing the role played by animals in research and testing and the care that laboratory animals receive. Accompanied by a guide of critical and creative thinking activities for teachers. For middle schools. Contact the Massachusetts Society for Medical Research at 978-251-1556 or www.msmr.org.

Exploring the Mysteries of Aging—outlines the contributions of animal research to the health of our aging population. Contact the Foundation for Biomedical Research at 202-457-0654 or www.fbresearch.org.

Friends and Partners: A Story about the Partnership of Man and Animals—an illustrated booklet describing the partnership between people and animals in the search for advances in biomedicine. Included are illustrations of animals, as well as some photographs of children who have been helped by animal research. For elementary schools. Contact the Southwest Association for Education in Biomedical Research at 520-621-3931 or www.swaebr.org.

Human and Animal Disease Fact Sheets—a series of fact sheets on human and animal disease and conditions. Fact sheets provide statistics about the disease or condition; describe the history of research on that disease; and outline some of the treatments and advances that have resulted from that research. Explains the specific role animals have played in research on these topics. For high schools and colleges. Contact the California Biomedical Research Association at 916-558-1515 or www.ca-biomed.org.

LAB Notes: Toxicology—a newsletter for teachers and students to introduce the science of toxicology and risk assessment. Includes “A Primer in Toxicology,” “Poison Control Facts,” “Risk Assessment,” “The Use of Animals in Toxicology,” “Alternatives,” and more. Accompanied by classroom activities. For middle and high schools. Contact the Massachusetts Society for Medical Research at 978-251-1556 or www.msmr.org.

The Lucky Puppy—an interactive coloring storybook about animals and research. Contains coloring, drawing, and other activities. For elementary schools. Contact the North Carolina Association for Biomedical Research at 919-785-1304 or www.ncabr.org.

Overview of the Issues—a comprehensive manuscript pertaining to the use of animals in laboratory research. This manuscript is ideal for anyone interested in learning the fundamental yet important facts, figures, and statistics about the use of animals in laboratory research. Contact the Humane Society of the United States at 202-452-1100 or www.hsus.org.

People and Animals, Sharing the World—an interdisciplinary program designed to introduce and explain concepts in veterinary medicine and to explore value judgments as they relate to animals. A unique aspect of these materials is that they combine activities in social studies, science, citizenship, career education, and mathematics for an overall learning program. For elementary schools. Contact the American Veterinary Medical Association at 847-925-8070 or www.avma.org.

People and Animals: United for Health—an interactive, poster-sized health and science calendar. Topics are—Infectious Disease, Aging, Diabetes, AIDS and Feline Leukemia, Dental Health, Heart Disease, Poison Control and Product Safety, Biodiversity and the Environment, Mental Health and Substance Abuse, Body Organs and Transplantation, The Five Senses and the Brain, and Nutrition. Accompanied by the HEADS ON! For Healthy Living teacher's guide of critical and creative thinking activities, and teacher training workshops of the same name. For elementary schools. Contact the Massachusetts Society for Medical Research at 978-251-1556 or www.msmr.org.

People and Animals: United for Health—a curriculum resource package that serves as a background supplement on the use of animals in biomedical research, education, and testing for science curricula. Includes a 13-unit reference manual, set of 169 slides, discussion guide, and teacher's guide of critical and creative thinking activities. For middle and high schools. Contact the Massachusetts Society for Medical Research at 978-251-1556 or www.msmr.org.

Principles and Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Precollege Education—a brochure offering a framework for the humane study of animals in precollege classrooms. For middle and high schools. Contact the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research at 202-334-1264 or www.national-academies.org/ilar.

The Proud Achievements of Animal Research—focuses on the contributions of animal research to today's society and warns of the problems that would be created if animal research were stopped. Also gives a short chronological list of major medical breakthroughs utilizing animal research. Contact the Foundation for Biomedical Research at 202-457-0654 or www.fbresearch.org.

Respect for Life—a brochure on research animals and their care, their contribution to health, and the search for alternatives. Contact the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences at 919-541-3345 or www.niehs.nih.gov

Rx for Science Literacy: The What, Where, How, and Why of Health Science Research—This 300-page K-12 teacher manual captures the complex research process and addresses the care and use of animals in the biomedical research process in an easy-to-follow, easy-to-use format. It is filled with background information, handouts, lesson plans, and activities to assist teachers of all grade levels in the classroom. This curriculum has been extensively revised and updated three times, most recently in August 2002. Additions include chapters on therapeutic cloning, bioscience careers, and transgenic animals. Endorsed by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Contact the North Carolina Association for Biomedical Research at 919-785-1304 or www.ncabr.org.

Science and Conscience—Written for high school students and their teachers, Science and Conscience explores the facts and issues at the heart of the animal experimentation controversy. Major topics include the history of and current trends in animal experimentation, the use of animals in education, biomedical research, and product testing, and the development of laws, alternatives, and other initiatives to improve standards for animal care and scientific research alike. This full-color, 43-page booklet contains critical-thinking questions, projects, suggestions for independent study, and meaningful activities for high school classes and student clubs. It is an excellent resource for the individual student activist as well as a valuable teaching tool for high school biology instructors. Contact the National Association for Humane and Environmental Education at 202-452-1100 or www.humaneteen.org.

Science Beat—a color newsletter defining biomedical research and introducing students to the use of animals in biomedical research, including the laws and regulations that govern animal research. For middle and high schools. Contact the Massachusetts Society for Medical Research at 978-251-1556 or www.msmr.org.

Understanding the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research—excellent primer on animal research. Major points covered include the benefits to society of animal research, the various roles animals play in research, the validity of scientific research, some basic trends about the numbers of animals used, a brief overview of their care and treatment, as well as the laws and regulations that protect them. Finally, there is a section devoted to alternatives and what that really means. Contact the Foundation for Biomedical Research at 202-457-0654 or www.fbresearch.org.

The Use of Animals in Product Safety Testing—brief overview of the issue of animals in safety testing. Covers the science of toxicology and federal regulations and explains the myth of “cruelty-free” products and alternatives. Contact the Foundation for Biomedical Research at 202-457-0654 or www.fbresearch.org.

Women's Health: Developing Treatments and Cures through Animal Research—highlights the contributions of animal research to women's health. Contact the Foundation for Biomedical Research at 202-457-0654 or www.fbresearch.org.

ANIMAL RESEARCH REGULATIONS AND GUIDELINES

Animal Welfare Act, http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/legislation/awa.htm

Health Research Extension Act of 1985

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/olaw/references/hrea1985.htm

NetVet Veterinary Government and Law Resources, http://netvet.wustl.edu/law.htm

Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/olaw/references/hrea1985.htm

USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Animal Care Policy Manual

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ac/polman.html

ORGANIZATIONS DISCUSSED

Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC), http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic

Animal Welfare Institute, www.animalwelfare.com

Applied Research Ethics National Association (ARENA), www.primr.org/arena.html

Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International (AAALAC International), http://www.aaalac.org

Food and Drug Administration (FDA), http://www.fda.gov

Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR), http://www.national-academies.org/ilar

Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods (ICCVAM), http://iccvam.niens.nih.gov

National Institutes of Health (NIH), http://www.nih.gov

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ac/

OTHER ORGANIZATIONS

American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, http://www.aalas.org

American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine, http://www.aclam.org

American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, http://www.aspca.org

American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners, http://www.aslap.org

American Veterinary Medical Association, http://www.avma.org

Canadian Council on Animal Care, http://www.ccac.ca

Foundation for Biomedical Research, http://www.fbresearch.org

Humane Society of the United States, http://www.hsus.org

Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC), www.iacuc.org

National Association for Biomedical Research (NABR), http://www.nabr.org

Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research (PRIM&R), http://www.aamc.org/research/primr

Scientists Center for Animal Welfare (SCAW), http://www.scaw.com

States United for Biomedical Research, http://statesforbiomed.org

Copyright © 2004, National Academy of Sciences.
Bookshelf ID: NBK24651

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