TABLE 2-7Estimated Female-to-Male Ratio of Publication

Model Description 1969 1973 1988 1993
(0): Sex 0.580*** 0.632*** 0.695** 0.817
(1): (0) + Field + Time for PhD + Experience 0.630*** 0.663*** 0.800 0.789*
(2): (1) + Institution + Rank +Teaching + Funding + RA 0.952 0.936 0.775 0.931
(3): (2) + Family/Marital Status 0.997 0.971 0.801 0.944

p<.05 **p<.01 ***p<.001 (two-tailed test), for the hypothesis that there is no mean difference between males and females.

From: Social Influences on Science and Engineering Career Decisions

Cover of Biological, Social, and Organizational Components of Success for Women in Academic Science and Engineering
Biological, Social, and Organizational Components of Success for Women in Academic Science and Engineering.
National Academy of Sciences (US), National Academy of Engineering (US), and Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Maximizing the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2006.
Copyright © 2006, National Academy of Sciences.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.