Cover of Biological, Social, and Organizational Components of Success for Women in Academic Science and Engineering

Biological, Social, and Organizational Components of Success for Women in Academic Science and Engineering

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Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); .
ISBN-10: 0-309-10041-0ISBN-13: 978-0-309-10041-0
Copyright © 2006, National Academy of Sciences.
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Excerpt

Twenty-five years ago, Congress passed the Science and Engineering Equal Opportunity Act, which declares it "the policy of the United States that men and women have equal opportunity in education, training, and employment in scientific and technical fields." Major advances have occurred since then in the numbers of women enrolling in science and engineering classes in high school and college, but academic institutions are not fully using the growing pool of women scientists and engineering graduates that these classes have produced.

The nation's ability to use all its scientific talent is vital to its ability to retain technological and economic leadership in an increasingly competitive world. A diverse workforce brings new perspectives and priorities to science and engineering education and research. Removing artificial barriers that prevent scientists from making their optimal contributions therefore has high priority.