Bacterial and Viral Threat Agents Associated with Animals

Category A Diseases and Agents Zoonotic
Foot-and-mouth disease (Picorna aphthovirus) No
Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) Yes
Botulism (Clostridium botulinum toxin) No
Plague (Yersinia pestis) Yes
Smallpox (Variola major) No
Tularemia (Francisella tularensis) Yes
Viral hemorrhagic fevers (Ebola, Marburg, Lassa, Machupo viruses) No
Category B Diseases and Agents Zoonotic
Brucellosis (Brucella spp.) Yes
Epsilon toxin of Clostridium perfringens No
Food safety threats (Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli O157:H7, Shigella) Yes
Glanders (Burkholderia mallei) Yes
Melioidosis (Burkholderia pseudomallei) Yes
Psittacosis (Chlamydia psittaci) Yes
Q fever (Coxiella burnetii) Yes
Ricin toxin No
Staphylococcal enterotoxin B No
Typhus fever (Rikettsia prowazekii) No
Viral encephalitis (VEE, EEE, and WEE viruses) Yes
Water threats (Vibrio cholerae, Cryptosporidium parvum) Yes

SOURCE: NRC 2002a, 2003a.

From: Appendix D, Bioterrorism Agents

Cover of Critical Needs for Research in Veterinary Science
Critical Needs for Research in Veterinary Science.
National Research Council (US) Committee on the National Needs for Research in Veterinary Science .
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2005.
Copyright © 2005, National Academy of Sciences.

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