Table 2Causes of secondary hypertension

Causes of secondary hypertension
Renal
  • Renal artery stenosis
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Chronic reflux nephropathy
  • Chronic glomerulonephritis
  • Polyarteritis nodosa
  • Systemic sclerosis
Endocrine
  • Cushing's syndrome
  • Conn's syndrome
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Acromegaly
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Metabolic syndrome (diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, obesity)
Other
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Aortic coarctation
  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Drugs (combined oral contraceptive pill, cyclosporin, steroids)
  • CNS disturbances (raised intracranial pressure, familial dysautonomia)

CNS: central nervous system.

From: Chapter 6, Hypertension

Cover of Cardiology Explained
Cardiology Explained.
Ashley EA, Niebauer J.
London: Remedica; 2004.
Copyright © 2004, Remedica.

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