NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.

Brown TA. Genomes. 2nd edition. Oxford: Wiley-Liss; 2002.

Cover of Genomes

Genomes. 2nd edition.

Show details

Abbreviations

5-bU

5-bromouracil

A

adenine; alanine

ABF

ARS binding factor

Ac/Ds

activator/dissociation

ADAR

adenosine deaminase acting on RNA

ADP

adenosine 5′-diphosphate

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

ala

alanine

AMP

adenosine 5′-monophosphate

ANT-C

Antennapedia complex

AP

apurinic/apyrimidinic

arg

arginine

ARS

autonomously replicating sequence

asn

asparagine

ASO

allele-specific oligonucleotide

asp

aspartic acid

ATP

adenosine 5′-triphosphate

ATPase

adenosine 5′-triphosphatase

BAC

bacterial artificial chromosome

bis

N, N′-methylenebisacrylamide

bp

base pair

BSE

bovine spongiform encephalopathy

BX-C

Bithorax complex

C

cysteine; cytosine

cAMP

cyclic AMP

CAP

catabolite activator protein

CASP

CTD-associated SR-like protein

cDNA

complementary DNA

CEPH

Centre d’Études du Polymorphisme Humaine

cGMP

cyclic GMP

CHEF

contour-clamped homogeneous electric fields

Col

colicin

CPSF

cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor

CRM

chromatin remodeling machine

CstF

cleavage stimulation factor

CTAB

cetyltrimethylammonium bromide

CTD

C-terminal domain

CTP

cytidine 5′-triphosphate

cys

cysteine

D

aspartic acid

DAG

diacylglycerol

Dam

DNA adenine methylase

DAPI

4, 6-diamino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride

DASH

dynamic allele-specific hybridization

dATP

2′-deoxyadenosine 5′-triphosphate

DBS

double-stranded DNA binding site

Dcm

DNA cytosine methylase

dCTP

2′-deoxycytidine 5′-triphosphate

ddATP

2′, 3′-dideoxyadenosine 5′-triphosphate

ddCTP

2′, 3′-dideoxycytidine 5′-triphosphate

ddGTP

2′, 3′-dideoxyguanosine 5′-triphosphate

ddNTP

2′, 3′-dideoxynucleoside 5′-triphosphate

ddTTP

2′, 3′-dideoxythymidine 5′-triphosphate

dGTP

2′-deoxyguanosine 5′-triphosphate

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

DNase

deoxyribonuclease

Dnmt

DNA methyltransferase

dNTP

2′-deoxynucleoside 5′-triphosphate

dsRAD

double-stranded RNA adenosine deaminase

dsRBD

double-stranded RNA binding domain

dTTP

2′-deoxythymidine 5′-triphosphate

E

glutamic acid

EDTA

ethylenediamine tetraacetate

eEF

eukaryotic elongation factor

EEO

electroendosmosis value

EF

elongation factor

eIF

eukaryotic initiation factor

EMS

ethylmethane sulfonate

eRF

eukaryotic release factor

ERV

endogenous retrovirus

ES

embryonic stem

ESE

exonic splicing enhancer

ESS

exonic splicing silencer

EST

expressed sequence tag

F

fertility; phenylalanine

FEN

flap endonuclease

FIGE

field inversion gel electrophoresis

FISH

fluorescent in situ hybridization

G

glycine; guanine

G1

gap phase 1

G2

gap phase 2

GABA

γ-aminobutyric acid

GAP

GTPase activating protein

Gb

gigabase pair

GDP

guanosine 5′-diphosphate

GFP

green fluorescent protein

gln

glutamine

glu

glutamic acid

gly

glycine

GMP

guanosine 5′-monophosphate

GNRP

guanine nucleotide releasing protein

GTF

general transcription factor

GTP

guanosine 5′-triphosphate

H

histidine

HAT

hypoxanthine + aminopterin + thymidine

HBS

heteroduplex binding site

HDAC

histone deacetylase

his

histidine

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

HLA

human leukocyte antigen

HMG

high mobility group

HNPCC

hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer

hnRNA

heterogenous nuclear RNA

HOM-C

homeotic gene complex

HPLC

high-performance liquid chromatography

HPRT

hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase

HTH

helix–turn–helix

I

isoleucine

ICF

immunodeficiency, centromere instability and facial anomalies

IF

initiation factor

IHF

integration host factor

ile

isoleucine

Inr

initiator

Ins(1,4,5)P3

inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate

IRE-PCR

interspersed repeat element PCR

IRES

internal ribosome entry site

IS

insertion sequence

ITR

inverted terminal repeat

JAK

Janus kinase

K

lysine

kb

kilobase pair

kDa

kilodalton

L

leucine

LCR

locus control region

leu

leucine

LINE

long interspersed nuclear element

LTR

long terminal repeat

lys

lysine

M

methionine; mitosis phase

MALDI-TOF

matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight

MAP

mitogen activated protein

MAR

matrix-associated region

Mb

megabase pair

MeCP

methyl-CpG-binding protein

met

methionine

MGMT

O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase

mRNA

messenger RNA

Myr

million years

N

2′-deoxynucleoside 5′-triphosphate; asparagine

NAD

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

NADH

reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

NHEJ

non-homologous end joining

NJ

neighbor-joining

NMD

nonsense-mediated RNA decay

NMR

nuclear magnetic resonance

NTP

nucleoside 5′-triphosphate

OFAGE

orthogonal field alternation gel electrophoresis

ORC

origin recognition complex

ORF

open reading frame

OTU

operational taxonomic unit

P

proline

PAC

P1-derived artificial chromosome

PADP

polyadenylate binding protein

PAUP

Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony

PCNA

proliferating cell nuclear antigen

PCR

polymerase chain reaction

phe

phenylalanine

PHYLIP

Phylogeny Inference Package

PIC

pre-initiation complex

PNA

peptide nucleic acid

PNPase

polynucleotide phosphorylase

pro

proline

PtdIns(4,5)P2

phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate

PTRF

polymerase I and transcript release factor

Pu

purine

Py

pyrimidine

Q

glutamine

R

arginine; purine

RACE

rapid amplification of cDNA ends

RAM

random access memory

RBS

RNA binding site

RC

replication complex

RF

release factor

RFC

replication factor C

RFLP

restriction fragment length polymorphism

RHB

Rel homology domain

RLF

replication licensing factor

RMP

replication mediator protein

RNA

ribonucleic acid

RNase

ribonuclease

RNP

ribonucleoprotein

RPA

replication protein A

RRF

ribosome recycling factor

rRNA

ribosomal RNA

RT-PCR

reverse transcriptase-PCR

RTVL

retroviral-like element

S

serine; synthesis phase

SAGE

serial analysis of gene expression

SAP

stress activated protein

SAR

scaffold attachment region

SCAF

SR-like CTD-associated factor

scRNA

small cytoplasmic RNA

SCS

specialized chromatin structure

SDS

sodium dodecyl sulfate

SeCys

selenocysteine

ser

serine

SINE

short interspersed nuclear element

SIV

simian immunodeficiency virus

snoRNA

small nucleolar RNA

SNP

single nucleotide polymorphism

snRNA

small nuclear RNA

snRNP

small nuclear ribonucleoprotein

SRF

serum response factor

SSB

single-strand binding protein

SSLP

simple sequence length polymorphism

STAT

signal transducer and activator of transcription

STR

simple tandem repeat

STS

sequence tagged site

T

threonine; thymine

TAF

TBP-associated factor

TBP

TATA-binding protein

TEMED

N, N, N′, N′-tetramethylethylenediamine

TF

transcription factor

thr

threonine

Ti

tumor inducing

TIC

TAF and initiator-dependent cofactor

TK

thymidine kinase

Tm

melting temperature

tmRNA

transfer-messenger RNA

Tn

transposon

TOL

toluene

TPA

tissue plasminogen activator

TRAP

trp RNA-binding attenuation protein

tRNA

transfer RNA

trp

tryptophan

tyr

tyrosine

U

uracil

UCE

upstream control element

UTP

uridine 5′-triphosphate

UTR

untranslated region

UV

ultraviolet

val

valine

VNTR

variable number of tandem repeats

W

adenine or thymine; tryptophan

X-gal

5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl-β-D-galactopyranoside

Y

pyrimidine; tyrosine

YAC

yeast artificial chromosome

YIp

yeast integrative plasmid

Copyright © 2002, Garland Science.
Bookshelf ID: NBK21133

Views

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...