Table 25Infant mortality rates and international rankings: Selected countries and territories, selected years 1960–2004
[Data are based on reporting by countries]
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International rankings 1
Country 2 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2002 2003 2004 1960 2004
Infant3 deaths per 1,000 live births
Australia20.217.910.78.25.25.04.84.7520
Austria37.525.914.37.84.84.14.54.52418
Belgium23.921.112.16.54.84.44.34.31116
Bulgaria45.127.320.214.813.313.312.011.73036
Canada27.318.810.46.85.35.45.35.31524
Chile120.382.233.016.011.77.87.88.43633
Costa Rica67.865.420.315.310.211.210.19.03334
Cuba37.338.719.610.77.26.56.35.82327
Czech Republic20.020.216.910.84.14.23.93.748
Denmark21.514.28.47.55.34.44.44.4817
England and Wales22.418.512.07.95.65.25.35.0923
Finland21.013.27.65.63.83.03.13.366
France27.518.210.07.34.44.14.03.9169
Germany435.022.512.47.04.44.24.24.12211
Greece40.129.617.99.75.95.14.84.12511
Hong Kong41.519.211.25.92.92.42.32.5262
Hungary47.635.923.214.89.27.27.36.63128
Ireland29.319.511.18.26.25.05.14.91821
Israel531.018.915.69.95.45.44.94.52018
Italy43.929.614.68.24.54.54.24.12911
Japan30.713.17.54.63.23.03.02.8193
Netherlands17.912.78.67.15.15.04.84.1211
New Zealand22.616.713.08.46.36.25.25.71026
Northern Ireland27.222.913.47.55.14.75.25.51425
Norway18.912.78.16.93.83.53.43.235
Poland54.836.725.519.38.17.57.06.83229
Portugal77.555.524.311.05.55.04.14.03510
Puerto Rico43.327.918.513.49.99.89.88.12732
Romania75.749.429.326.918.617.316.716.83437
Russian Federation6- - -- - -22.017.615.213.212.411.5- - -35
Scotland26.419.612.17.75.75.35.14.91321
Singapore34.821.411.76.72.52.92.52.0211
Slovakia28.625.720.912.08.67.67.96.81729
Spain43.728.112.37.63.94.13.63.5287
Sweden16.611.06.96.03.43.33.13.114
Switzerland21.115.19.16.84.95.04.34.2715
United States26.020.012.69.26.97.06.96.81229

- - - Data not available.

1

Rankings are from lowest to highest infant mortality rates (IMR). Countries with the same IMR receive the same rank. The country with the next highest IMR is assigned the rank it would have received had the lower-ranked countries not been tied, i.e., skip a rank. Some of the variation in IMRs is due to differences among countries in distinguishing between fetal and infant deaths.

2

Refers to countries, territories, cities, or geographic areas with at least 1 million population and with complete counts of live births and infant deaths according to the United Nations Demographic Yearbook.

3

Under 1 year of age.

4

Rates for 1990 and earlier years were calculated by combining information from the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic.

5

Includes data for East Jerusalem and Israeli residents in certain other territories under occupation by Israeli military forces since June 1967.

6

Excludes infants born alive after less than 28 weeks gestation, of less than 1,000 grams in weight and 35 centimeters in length, who die within 7 days of birth.

NOTE: Some rates for selected countries and selected years were revised and differ from previous editions of Health, United States. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD): OECD Health Data 2006, A Comparative Analysis of 30 Countries, www​.oecd.org/els/health/; United Nations: 2000 Demographic Yearbook, United Nations Publication, Sales No. E/F.02.XIII.1, New York, 2002; World Health Organization Statistical Information System (WHOSIS), www3.who.int/whosis/; United States and Puerto Rico: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Statistics of the United States, vol. II, mortality part A (selected years). Public Health Service. Washington, DC; Sweden: Statistics Sweden; Costa Rica: Dirección General de Estadísticas y Censos. Elaboración y estimación, Centro Centroamericano de Población, Universidad de Costa Rica, http://ccp​.ucr.ac.cr/observa/index1.htm; Russian Federation: Goskomstat, www​.gks.ru/eng/; Israel: Central Bureau Statistics of Israel, www​.cbs.gov.il/engindex.htm.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2007
Health, United States, 2007: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2007 Nov.

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