Table 122Growth in personal health care expenditures and percent distribution of factors affecting growth: United States, 1960–2004
[Data are compiled from various sources by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services]
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Factors affecting growth
Inflation 1
Period Average annual percent increase All factors Economy- wide Medical Population Intensity 2
Percent distribution3
1960–200410.010039171133
1960–19658.310017101855
1965–197012.71003412846
1970–197512.3100551836
1975–198013.81005412727
1980–198511.61004732912
 1980–198115.91006117715
 1981–198212.0100523792
 1982–198310.310040341016
 1983–19849.610040391011
 1984–198510.210031411018
1985–199010.310032261031
 1985–19868.710026311131
 1986–19879.410030231037
 1987–198811.21003225934
 1988–198910.510037291023
 1989–199011.710034241131
1990–19957.310034291818
 1990–199110.210036211430
 1991–19928.510028351721
 1992–19936.61003635218
 1993–19945.31004131244
 1994–19956.110034252120
1995–20005.710030182132
 1995–19965.410036192124
 1996–19975.41003192238
 1997–19985.310021202336
 1998–19995.710026222131
 1999–20006.710033171732
2000–20048.210028201339
 2000–20018.710028171243
 2001–20028.310022251240
 2002–20037.810027221338
 2003–20047.910034181335
1

Total inflation is economy-wide and medical inflation is the medical inflation above economy-wide inflation.

2

Intensity is the residual percent of growth which cannot be attributed to price increases or population growth. It represents changes in use or kinds of services and supplies.

3

Percents may not sum to 100 due to rounding.

NOTES: These data include revisions in health expenditures for 1960 forward and revisions in population for 1990 forward. The implicit price deflator for Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is used to measure economy-wide inflation for all years 1960–2004. See Appendix II, Expenditures, national health; Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Previous estimates of the factors accounting for growth used GDP chain-type price index. All indexes used to calculate the factors affecting growth were rebased in 2003 with base year 2000.

SOURCE: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Office of the Actuary, National Health Statistics Group, National health accounts, National health expenditures, 2004. Available from: www​.cms.hhs.gov/NationalHealthExpendData/. Unpublished data.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2006
Health, United States, 2006: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2006 Nov.

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