Table 122Growth in personal health care expenditures and percent distribution of factors affecting growth: United States, 1960–2004
[Data are compiled from various sources by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services]
Click here for spreadsheet version

Factors affecting growth
Inflation 1
Period Average annual percent increase All factors Economy- wide Medical Population Intensity 2
Percent distribution3

Total inflation is economy-wide and medical inflation is the medical inflation above economy-wide inflation.


Intensity is the residual percent of growth which cannot be attributed to price increases or population growth. It represents changes in use or kinds of services and supplies.


Percents may not sum to 100 due to rounding.

NOTES: These data include revisions in health expenditures for 1960 forward and revisions in population for 1990 forward. The implicit price deflator for Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is used to measure economy-wide inflation for all years 1960–2004. See Appendix II, Expenditures, national health; Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Previous estimates of the factors accounting for growth used GDP chain-type price index. All indexes used to calculate the factors affecting growth were rebased in 2003 with base year 2000.

SOURCE: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Office of the Actuary, National Health Statistics Group, National health accounts, National health expenditures, 2004. Available from: www​ Unpublished data.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2006
Health, United States, 2006: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2006 Nov.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.