Table 28Age-adjusted death rates, by race, Hispanic origin, geographic division, and state:United States, average annual 1979–1981, 1989–1991, and 2002–2004
[Data are based on death certificates]
Updated February 2007
Click here for spreadsheet version

All persons White Black or African American American Indian or Alaska Native Asian or Pacific Islander Hispanic or Latino 1 White, not Hispanic or Latino
Geographic division and state 1979–1981 1989–1991 2002–2004 2002–2004 2002–2004 2002–2004 2002–2004 2002–2004 2002–2004
Age-adjusted death rate per 100,000 population2
United States1,022.8942.2826.5811.01,059.7671.2460.9613.9820.3
New England979.9882.4767.9769.4843.2*364.2516.7768.5
 Connecticut961.5857.5736.6731.2845.1*304.3562.4728.2
 Maine1,002.9918.7824.2823.5790.9*509.4*822.5
 Massachusetts982.6884.8773.2777.6842.9*375.7514.8777.8
 New Hampshire982.3891.7765.3769.3677.1*269.9427.7760.7
 Rhode Island990.8889.6784.4784.4902.6*465.9452.0786.8
 Vermont990.2908.6756.9760.5****762.4
Middle Atlantic1,059.1967.8793.7787.2918.0*380.5565.9790.0
 New Jersey1,047.5956.0787.6771.71,012.7*365.5503.5785.8
 New York1,051.8973.7758.6763.2812.1*388.9578.8760.6
 Pennsylvania1,076.4963.4845.8825.91,106.8*363.0656.2825.0
East North Central1,048.0957.9848.7824.21,114.6*373.5521.9826.9
 Illinois1,063.7973.8830.9798.91,126.1*372.8476.9809.9
 Indiana1,048.3962.0882.2868.01,120.7*338.9515.6871.7
 Michigan1,050.2966.0849.0816.21,104.9*373.0689.3811.9
 Ohio1,070.6967.4884.1863.71,116.2*330.2620.2862.3
 Wisconsin956.4879.1774.2760.91,044.0*480.9402.1763.8
West North Central951.6876.6797.9783.81,096.4*433.6561.4780.7
 Iowa919.9848.2757.1755.21,006.8*405.0530.4756.2
 Kansas940.1867.2821.0811.31,114.2*342.8552.4805.8
 Minnesota892.9825.2715.3709.3879.41,169.1491.9461.6702.8
 Missouri1,033.7952.4895.8874.91,144.1*431.4687.3875.1
 Nebraska930.6867.9782.6773.51,063.61,114.8390.2576.3772.2
 North Dakota922.4818.4737.3718.3*1,409.8**697.5
 South Dakota941.9846.4770.1728.7*1,542.0*455.7729.4
South Atlantic1,033.1951.3844.5806.11,073.1*367.5573.4820.3
 Delaware1,069.71,001.9838.6807.91,062.5*339.0680.8807.7
 District of Columbia1,243.11,255.3991.6610.71,234.7*413.5137.0656.0
 Florida960.8870.9775.0754.81,002.0*333.3609.4779.0
 Georgia1,094.31,037.4938.2892.71,123.9*335.5355.9900.8
 Maryland1,063.3985.2841.2787.11,067.4*363.9301.9797.6
 North Carolina1,050.4986.0895.3855.11,092.4869.4355.2294.2860.5
 South Carolina1,104.61,030.0925.4874.11,093.9*397.2357.3877.2
 Virginia1,054.0963.1837.2804.51,060.7*433.1451.9808.3
 West Virginia1,100.31,031.5982.8983.71,112.3**349.1986.4
East South Central1,079.31,031.6981.8951.31,163.9*406.6380.7954.3
 Alabama1,091.21,037.9992.8954.11,156.6*342.5332.6958.3
 Kentucky1,088.91,024.5968.3962.41,128.5*397.5687.3962.7
 Mississippi1,108.71,071.41,010.6949.61,166.3*465.0242.5953.6
 Tennessee1,045.51,011.8969.5942.21,185.2*425.4309.4946.0
West South Central1,036.8974.9894.9870.61,151.7*418.2691.5897.9
 Arkansas1,017.0996.3939.9915.21,160.1*500.7237.1923.9
 Louisiana1,132.61,074.6994.5925.41,201.5*463.5437.6934.8
 Oklahoma1,025.6961.4961.0957.51,153.9*443.1666.4961.7
 Texas1,014.9947.6853.5837.41,122.7*408.6701.6868.0
Mountain961.8878.2796.9794.2956.4867.9472.3731.6795.2
 Arizona951.5873.5782.2776.5951.4885.7421.4742.9776.9
 Colorado941.1856.1770.9774.4876.3474.6429.2761.0768.8
 Idaho936.7856.6777.1777.8745.1979.4427.3593.5780.0
 Montana1,013.6890.2816.4797.3*1,260.4469.8697.9797.0
 Nevada1,077.41,017.4909.1910.51,130.3713.2600.4527.5939.2
 New Mexico967.1891.9805.3802.3823.7849.6315.8788.3792.5
 Utah924.9823.2775.2779.3840.1800.7465.7604.1783.2
 Wyoming1,016.1897.4835.8829.4774.41,258.3*787.2829.4
All persons White Black or African American American Indian or Alaska Native Asian or Pacific Islander Hispanic or Latino 1 White, not Hispanic or Latino
Geographic division and state 1979–1981 1989–1991 2002–2004 2002–2004 2002–2004 2002–2004 2002–2004 2002–2004 2002–2004
Age-adjusted death rate per 100,000 population2
Pacific966.5900.1748.4765.81,007.3*511.6592.9788.4
 Alaska1,087.4944.6789.2739.6764.41,154.5506.2583.8743.1
 California975.5911.0742.2759.51,023.7*480.7592.8788.5
 Hawaii801.2752.2646.8694.6474.0*632.31,304.6700.3
 Oregon953.9893.0805.3809.9939.2*470.2434.5817.5
 Washington947.7869.4765.9772.5883.3909.3504.8515.3776.7

* Data for states with population under 10,000 in the middle year of a 3-year period or fewer than 50 deaths for the 3-year period are considered unreliable and are not shown. Data for American Indian or Alaska Native category in states with more than 10% misclassification of American Indian or Alaska Native deaths on death certificates or without information on misclassification are also not shown (Support Services International, Inc. Methodology for adjusting IHS mortality data for miscoding race-ethnicity of American Indian or Alaska Native on state death certificates. Report submitted to Indian Health Service. 1996). Division death rates for American Indians or Alaska Natives are not shown when any state within the division does not meet reliability criteria.

1

Caution should be used when comparing death rates by Hispanic origin and race among states. Estimates of death rates may be affected by several factors including possible misreporting of race and Hispanic origin on the death certificate, migration patterns between United States and country of origin for persons who were born outside the United States, and possible biases in population estimates. See Appendix I, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality File and Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.

2

Average annual death rates, age-adjusted using the year 2000 standard population. Prior to 2001, age-adjusted rates were calculated using standard million proportions based on rounded population numbers. Starting with 2001 data, unrounded population numbers are used to calculate age-adjusted rates. See Appendix II, Age adjustment. Denominators for rates are resident population estimates for the middle year of each 3-year period, multiplied by 3. See Appendix I, Population Census and Population Estimates.

NOTES: The race groups, white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Death rates for the American Indian or Alaska Native and Asian or Pacific Islander populations are known to be underestimated. See Appendix II, Race, for a discussion of sources of bias in death rates by race and Hispanic origin. Starting with 2003 data, some states reported multiple-race data. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 Office of Management and Budget standards for comparability with other states. In 2003, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Montana, New York, and Wisconsin reported multiple-race data. In 2004, 15 states reported multiple-race data. In addition to the seven states listed above, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Washington, and Wyoming reported multiple-race data. See Appendix II, Race.

SOURCES: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System; numerator data from annual mortality files; denominator data from state population estimates prepared by the U.S. Census Bureau 1980 from April 1, 1980 MARS Census File; 1990 from April 1, 1990 MARS Census File; 2003 from bridged-race Vintage 2003 file. Estimates of the July 1, 2003, resident populations of the United States by state and county, race, age, sex, and Hispanic origin, prepared under a collaborative arrangement with the U.S. Census Bureau. Available from: www​.cdc.gov/nchs/about​/major/dvs/popbridge/popbridge.htm. 2005.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2006
Health, United States, 2006: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2006 Nov.

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