Table 75Health care visits to doctor's offices, emergency departments, and home visits within the past 12 months, according to selected characteristics: United States, selected years 1997–2003
[Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population]
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Number of health care visits 1
None 1–3 visits 4–9 visits 10 or more visits
Characteristic 1997 2002 2003 1997 2002 2003 1997 2002 2003 1997 2002 2003
Percent distribution
All persons2,316.515.915.846.245.545.823.625.224.813.713.413.6
Age
Under 18 years11.810.611.354.155.154.525.227.126.78.97.27.5
 Under 6 years5.05.65.544.947.046.037.037.139.013.010.49.4
 6–17 years15.313.014.058.759.058.719.322.320.86.85.76.6
18–44 years21.722.622.446.745.746.719.019.419.112.612.411.8
 18–24 years22.024.823.646.845.647.220.018.718.211.210.811.0
 25–44 years21.621.822.046.745.746.618.719.619.413.012.912.0
45–64 years16.914.814.742.941.942.224.726.926.615.516.416.5
 45–54 years17.917.016.943.943.344.223.425.424.514.814.314.3
 55–64 years15.311.511.441.339.739.226.729.029.816.719.719.6
65 years and over8.98.26.334.731.331.532.536.435.823.824.126.4
 65–74 years9.89.17.136.933.734.031.636.835.721.620.523.3
 75 years and over7.77.35.431.828.628.633.835.836.026.628.330.0
Sex3
Male21.320.620.647.146.546.820.622.221.911.010.710.7
Female11.811.411.145.444.544.926.528.027.716.316.116.3
Race3,4
White only16.015.615.746.145.145.623.925.425.114.013.813.6
Black or African American only16.815.314.746.145.845.823.226.025.213.913.014.3
American Indian and Alaska Native only17.118.123.338.043.741.424.221.720.620.716.614.7
Asian only22.821.222.649.149.747.819.720.320.78.38.88.9
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander only- - -**- - -**- - -**- - -**
2 or more races- - -13.511.1- - -43.744.9- - -27.323.0- - -15.421.0
Hispanic origin and race3,4
Hispanic or Latino24.925.725.342.341.542.920.321.120.312.511.711.5
 Mexican28.928.827.840.840.542.518.519.318.811.811.511.0
Not Hispanic or Latino15.414.514.146.746.046.324.025.825.613.913.714.0
 White only14.714.013.546.645.846.224.426.126.114.314.214.2
 Black or African American only16.915.314.646.145.745.923.126.025.313.813.114.2
Respondent-assessed health status3
Fair or poor7.810.18.723.322.223.229.029.428.839.938.339.3
Good to excellent17.216.616.448.447.748.123.324.924.511.110.810.9
Poverty status3,5
Poor20.619.920.937.838.337.822.723.923.718.917.917.6
Near poor20.120.019.843.341.241.521.723.823.614.915.015.1
Nonpoor14.514.213.748.747.648.424.225.725.412.612.412.6
Number of health care visits 1
None 1–3 visits 4–9 visits 10 or more visits
Characteristic 1997 2002 2003 1997 2002 2003 1997 2002 2003 1997 2002 2003
Hispanic origin and race and poverty status3,4,5Percent distribution
Hispanic or Latino:
 Poor30.230.029.934.835.437.019.918.918.515.015.714.6
 Near poor28.730.228.639.737.840.220.419.920.611.212.210.5
 Nonpoor18.921.120.748.846.847.720.422.321.211.99.810.3
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only:
  Poor17.016.117.038.338.437.523.925.625.920.919.919.5
  Near poor17.316.716.644.141.341.022.225.024.916.317.017.4
  Nonpoor13.813.312.548.247.348.124.926.426.313.113.113.1
 Black or African American only:
  Poor17.417.315.738.539.738.123.425.926.520.717.119.6
  Near poor18.815.615.443.743.444.222.926.925.914.514.114.5
  Nonpoor15.614.413.751.749.150.622.725.324.310.011.111.4
Health insurance status6,7
Under 65 years of age:
 Insured14.313.312.849.048.749.123.625.125.213.112.912.9
  Private14.713.613.250.650.551.123.124.824.611.611.111.1
  Medicaid9.89.99.935.534.935.226.527.428.128.227.726.8
 Uninsured33.736.338.142.842.142.415.314.713.48.26.96.1
65 years of age and over:
 Medicare HMO8.97.75.435.830.930.633.140.938.922.320.525.2
 Private7.36.14.835.932.033.534.038.135.922.723.825.8
 Medicaid9.39.3*4.919.215.821.127.934.229.743.740.844.3
 Medicare fee-for-service only15.514.411.634.033.428.728.130.735.322.421.424.5
Poverty status and health insurance status5,6,7
Under 65 years of age:
 Poor:
  Insured14.012.513.039.241.440.825.126.525.921.719.520.4
  Uninsured37.039.841.839.637.538.414.413.613.58.99.16.3
 Near poor:
  Insured15.814.913.846.244.144.422.324.524.815.816.616.8
  Uninsured34.838.137.942.039.840.015.116.315.48.15.86.7
 Nonpoor:
  Insured13.813.112.551.050.351.023.625.125.211.711.511.4
  Uninsured29.732.835.546.046.347.316.314.211.68.06.75.6
Geographic region3
Northeast13.211.010.445.945.547.626.027.727.014.915.715.0
Midwest15.914.414.247.747.747.222.825.025.413.613.013.2
South17.217.416.546.144.745.123.325.224.813.512.813.6
West19.119.921.044.844.244.222.823.022.213.312.912.6
Number of health care visits 1
None 1–3 visits 4–9 visits 10 or more visits
Characteristic 1997 2002 2003 1997 2002 2003 1997 2002 2003 1997 2002 2003
Location of residence3Percent distribution
Within MSA816.215.816.046.445.845.923.725.124.813.713.313.3
Outside MSA817.316.315.045.444.145.623.325.624.913.914.014.5

* Estimates are considered unreliable. Data not shown have a relative standard error (RSE) of greater than 30 percent. Data preceded by an asterisk have an RSE of 20–30 percent.

- - - Data not available.

1

This table presents a summary measure of health care visits to doctor's offices, emergency departments, and home visits during a 12-month period. See Appendix II, Health care contact; Emergency department visit; Home visit.

2

Includes all other races not shown separately and unknown health insurance status.

3

Estimates are age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using six age groups: Under 18 years, 18–44 years, 45–54 years, 55–64 years, 65–74 years, and 75 years and over. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

4

The race groups, white, black, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and 2 or more races, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with data year 1999 race-specific estimates are tabulated according to 1997 Standards for Federal data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The five single race categories plus multiple race categories shown in the table conform to 1997 Standards. Starting with data year 1999, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group; the category "2 or more races" includes persons who reported more than one racial group. Prior to data year 1999, data were tabulated according to 1977 Standards with four racial groups and the category "Asian only" included Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. Estimates for single race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. See Appendix II, Race.

5

Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor persons have incomes of 100 percent to less than 200 percent of poverty threshold. Nonpoor persons have incomes of 200 percent or greater than the poverty threshold. Missing family income data were imputed for 25–29 percent of persons in 1997–98 and 32–35 percent in 1999–2003. See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty level.

6

Estimates for persons under 65 years of age are age adjusted to the year 2000 standard using four age groups: Under 18 years, 18–44 years, 45–54 years, and 55–64 years of age. Estimates for persons 65 years of age and over are age adjusted to the year 2000 standard using two age groups: 65–74 years and 75 years and over. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

7

Health insurance categories are mutually exclusive. Persons who reported both Medicaid and private coverage are classified as having private coverage. Starting in 1997 Medicaid includes State-sponsored health plans and State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). In addition to private and Medicaid the category "insured" also includes military plans, other government-sponsored health plans, and Medicare, not shown separately. Persons 65 years of age and over who reported Medicare HMO (health maintenance organization) and some other type of health insurance coverage are classified as having Medicare HMO. For persons 65 years of age and over the category "private" includes private and Medicare coverage. See Appendix II, Health insurance coverage.

8

MSA is metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: In 1997 the National Health Interview Survey questionnaire was redesigned. See Appendix I, National Health Interview Survey. Data for additional years are available See Appendix III. Standard errors are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. See www​.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm. Starting with Health, United States, 2005, estimates for 2000 and later years use weights derived from the 2000 census.

SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, family core and sample adult questionnaires.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2005
Health, United States, 2005: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2005 Nov.

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