Table 24Neonatal mortality rates, according to race, Hispanic origin, geographic division, and State: United States, average annual 1989–91, 1997–99, and 2000–2002
[Data are based on linked birth and death certificates for infants]
Click here for spreadsheet version

Not Hispanic or Latino
All races White Black or African American
Geographic division and State 1989–91 1 1997–99 2 2000–2002 2 1989–91 1 1997–99 2 2000–2002 2 1989–91 1 1997–99 2 2000–2002 2
Neonatal3 deaths per 1,000 live births
United States5.74.84.64.63.93.811.19.49.2
New England45.14.44.04.23.63.311.08.89.0
 Connecticut5.75.14.84.23.73.812.510.010.1
 Maine4.53.93.84.23.93.7***
 Massachusetts4.94.03.74.13.43.010.48.38.0
 New Hampshire44.33.63.44.43.43.1***
 Rhode Island6.45.05.15.33.93.8*9.8**10.2
 Vermont4.14.43.53.94.43.6***
Middle Atlantic6.34.74.54.63.53.612.39.28.6
 New Jersey5.84.64.34.53.22.911.49.69.3
 New York6.54.54.34.33.23.412.68.27.8
 Pennsylvania6.25.15.24.94.04.312.511.19.6
East North Central6.35.45.34.94.34.212.110.610.4
 Illinois7.05.75.35.14.34.212.711.110.0
 Indiana6.05.25.15.24.64.611.510.38.6
 Michigan6.95.55.64.94.04.214.011.011.4
 Ohio5.55.35.34.84.64.29.89.410.4
 Wisconsin5.14.64.64.63.73.99.110.511.3
West North Central5.04.54.34.54.03.710.210.09.6
 Iowa4.84.03.74.53.73.5*10.5*11.3*8.4
 Kansas4.94.84.64.64.74.08.38.110.3
 Minnesota4.33.93.63.93.63.210.78.16.4
 Missouri6.04.95.15.03.94.110.610.810.7
 Nebraska4.54.94.84.24.34.3*9.8*11.6*10.9
 North Dakota5.04.45.14.74.54.5***
 South Dakota5.14.63.44.54.23.0***
South Atlantic6.95.75.54.94.14.011.710.09.6
 Delaware7.55.97.05.83.85.812.412.811.1
 District of Columbia14.19.88.3*5.2**16.712.410.9
 Florida6.24.84.84.73.93.610.58.38.7
 Georgia7.95.85.85.54.04.112.09.49.2
 Maryland5.96.25.63.93.83.810.210.89.2
 North Carolina7.36.55.95.34.84.411.911.511.0
 South Carolina7.76.96.25.44.33.911.311.610.6
 Virginia6.85.34.94.83.93.613.09.89.6
 West Virginia5.85.35.15.65.25.0*9.7*8.1*9.8
East South Central6.65.65.65.04.24.210.69.59.8
 Alabama7.56.35.95.74.64.211.19.99.4
 Kentucky5.04.74.24.64.44.08.97.66.3
 Mississippi7.16.26.64.93.94.29.59.09.5
 Tennessee6.55.25.84.93.94.311.89.911.4
West South Central 45.04.44.24.23.93.78.47.67.7
 Arkansas5.45.14.94.54.44.28.57.58.1
 Louisiana46.36.06.34.84.14.38.58.98.9
 Oklahoma44.45.04.84.14.94.66.38.18.5
 Texas4.73.93.64.13.53.38.56.76.7
Mountain4.84.24.14.43.93.710.18.28.9
 Arizona5.34.64.34.94.34.211.09.09.6
 Colorado5.04.54.24.74.03.510.99.810.5
 Idaho5.34.44.55.24.34.1***
 Montana4.63.74.54.23.24.3***
 Nevada4.33.83.63.83.52.9*8.3*7.4
 New Mexico5.03.94.04.84.33.5***
 Utah3.73.53.53.63.33.4***
 Wyoming3.93.84.33.83.54.3***
Pacific4.63.73.64.03.33.29.27.57.2
 Alaska4.13.13.13.72.9*2.9***
 California4.63.83.64.13.33.19.27.77.5
 Hawaii4.34.75.03.5*3.95.3***
 Oregon4.43.63.64.03.43.6*11.6**
 Washington4.33.43.53.83.03.39.77.16.0
Hispanic or Latino 5 American Indian or Alaska Native 6 Asian or Pacific Islander 6
Geographic division and State 1989–91 1 1997–99 2 2000–2002 2 1989–91 1 1997–99 2 2000–2002 2 1989–91 1 1997–99 2 2000–2002 2
Neonatal3 deaths per 1,000 live births
United States4.83.93.85.94.84.43.93.43.3
New England75.55.74.9***4.4*2.63.1
 Connecticut5.36.55.3******
 Maine*********
 Massachusetts5.85.14.6****3.9*2.5*2.7
 New Hampshire7- - -********
 Rhode Island*4.9*5.4*6.0******
 Vermont*********
Middle Atlantic6.24.54.2***4.13.02.3
 New Jersey5.14.64.3****3.43.12.2
 New York6.44.23.9***4.12.92.3
 Pennsylvania7.35.55.8****5.2*3.4*2.7
East North Central5.95.14.5*6.2*5.3*5.03.64.14.3
 Illinois6.44.84.4***3.94.44.8
 Indiana*4.75.24.8******
 Michigan5.24.84.7*****3.9*3.8
 Ohio*5.46.75.3*****3.0*4.0
 Wisconsin*3.97.34.4*****4.2*3.8
West North Central5.34.54.96.15.35.34.64.53.9
 Iowa**3.9*4.9******
 Kansas*5.4*3.74.9******
 Minnesota**4.74.6*4.9***3.2*4.5*4.2
 Missouri**4.6*5.2******
 Nebraska**6.5*4.6******
 North Dakota*********
 South Dakota****8.2*6.1*4.7***
South Atlantic5.23.63.77.48.05.84.63.54.0
 Delaware*********
 District of Columbia*********
 Florida5.13.23.6****4.4*2.93.8
 Georgia*5.73.34.0****5.3*3.25.4
 Maryland*4.7*4.44.2****4.5*4.0*3.6
 North Carolina*5.54.83.8*7.711.2*8.1**3.6*4.4
 South Carolina**5.5*3.6******
 Virginia*4.83.83.5****4.14.03.2
 West Virginia*********
East South Central*4.33.9*****4.7*3.6
 Alabama***4.6******
 Kentucky*********
 Mississippi*********
 Tennessee**4.9*3.8******
West South Central74.23.53.24.34.43.74.12.72.9
 Arkansas**4.1*3.1******
 Louisiana7- - -********7.1
 Oklahoma7- - -*3.1*3.3*3.74.53.9***
 Texas4.23.53.2***4.02.82.5
Mountain4.74.34.25.84.44.34.63.63.7
 Arizona5.04.64.15.44.44.4***
 Colorado4.44.84.6******4.7
 Idaho**4.36.8******
 Montana****7.6*5.3*5.9***
 Nevada*4.13.43.3******
 New Mexico4.93.64.34.9*3.6*3.5***
 Utah*3.64.04.1******5.0
 Wyoming*********
Pacific4.53.63.56.54.34.13.73.43.3
 Alaska****5.7*3.3*3.9***
 California4.43.63.56.3*4.6*4.03.63.13.0
 Hawaii*6.6*4.3*3.8***4.25.04.9
 Oregon6.54.73.6****5.3*3.8*
 Washington4.93.43.2*8.5*5.6*4.1*2.73.13.2

* Estimates are considered unreliable. Rates preceded by an asterisk are based on fewer than 50 deaths. Rates not shown are based on fewer than 20 deaths.

- - - Data not available.

1

Rates based on unweighted birth cohort data.

2

Rates based on period file using weighted data. See Appendix I, National Vital Statistics System, Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.

3

Infants under 28 days of age.

4

Rates for white and black are substituted for non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black for Louisiana 1989, Oklahoma 1989–90, and New Hampshire 1989–91.

5

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. 6Includes persons of Hispanic origin.

7

Rates for Hispanic origin exclude data from States not reporting Hispanic origin on the birth certificate for 1 or more years in a 3-year period.

NOTE: National linked files do not exist for 1992–94.

SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2005
Health, United States, 2005: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2005 Nov.

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