Table 7Prenatal care for live births, according to detailed race and Hispanic origin of mother: United States, selected years 1970–2003
[Data are based on birth certificates]
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Prenatal care, race, and Hispanic origin of mother 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1997 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Prenatal care began during 1st trimesterPercent of live births1
All races68.072.476.376.275.881.382.583.283.283.483.784.1
White72.375.879.279.379.283.684.785.185.085.285.485.7
Black or African American44.255.562.461.560.670.472.374.174.374.575.275.9
American Indian or Alaska Native38.245.455.857.557.966.768.169.569.369.369.870.8
Asian or Pacific Islander2- - -- - -73.774.175.179.982.183.784.084.084.885.4
 Chinese71.876.782.682.081.385.787.488.587.687.087.2- - -
 Japanese78.182.786.184.787.089.789.390.791.090.190.5- - -
 Filipino60.670.677.376.577.180.983.384.284.985.085.4- - -
 Hawaiian- - -- - -68.867.765.875.978.079.679.979.178.1- - -
 Other Asian or Pacific Islander- - -- - -67.469.971.977.079.781.882.582.783.9- - -
Hispanic or Latino3- - -- - -60.261.260.270.873.774.474.475.776.777.5
 Mexican- - -- - -59.660.057.869.172.173.172.974.675.776.5
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -55.158.363.574.076.577.778.579.179.981.2
 Cuban- - -- - -82.782.584.889.290.491.491.791.892.092.1
 Central and South American- - -- - -58.860.661.573.276.977.677.677.478.779.2
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latino- - -- - -66.465.866.474.376.074.875.877.376.777.0
Not Hispanic or Latino:3
 White- - -- - -81.281.483.387.187.988.488.588.588.689.0
 Black or African American- - -- - -60.860.260.770.472.374.174.374.575.275.9
Prenatal care began during 3d trimester or no prenatal care
All races7.96.05.15.76.14.23.93.83.93.73.63.5
White6.35.04.34.84.93.53.23.23.33.23.13.0
Black or African American16.610.58.910.211.37.67.36.66.76.56.26.0
American Indian or Alaska Native28.922.415.212.912.99.58.68.28.68.28.07.6
Asian or Pacific Islander2- - -- - -6.56.55.84.33.83.53.33.43.13.1
 Chinese6.54.43.74.43.43.02.42.02.22.42.1- - -
 Japanese4.12.72.13.12.92.32.72.11.82.02.1- - -
 Filipino7.24.14.04.84.54.13.32.83.03.02.8- - -
 Hawaiian- - -- - -6.77.48.75.15.44.04.24.84.7- - -
 Other Asian or Pacific Islander- - -- - -9.38.27.15.04.44.13.83.83.5- - -
Hispanic or Latino3- - -- - -12.012.412.07.46.26.36.35.95.55.3
 Mexican- - -- - -11.812.913.28.16.76.76.96.25.85.6
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -16.215.510.65.55.45.04.54.64.13.7
 Cuban- - -- - -3.93.72.82.11.51.41.41.31.31.3
 Central and South American- - -- - -13.112.510.96.15.05.25.45.74.94.7
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latino- - -- - -9.29.48.56.05.36.35.95.45.35.4
Not Hispanic or Latino:3
 White- - -- - -3.54.03.42.52.42.32.32.22.22.1
 Black or African American- - -- - -9.710.911.27.67.36.66.76.56.26.0

- - - Data not available.

1

Excludes live births for whom trimester when prenatal care began is unknown.

2

For 2003, data are not shown for Asian or Pacific Islander subgroups during the transition from single race to multiple race reporting. See Appendix II, Race, Birth File.

3

Prior to 1993, data from States lacking an Hispanic-origin item on the birth certificate were excluded. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin. Data for non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black women for years prior to 1989 are not nationally representative and are provided for comparison with Hispanic data.

NOTES: Data for 2003 exclude Pennsylvania and Washington that implemented the 2003 Revision to the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth. Prenatal care data based on the 2003 Revision are not comparable with data based on the 1989 Revision to the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth. See Appendix II, Prenatal Care. Data for 1970 and 1975 exclude births that occurred in States not reporting prenatal care. The race groups, white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Interpretation of trend data should take into consideration expansion of reporting areas and immigration. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III. Some data for 1980–88 were revised and differ from previous editions of Health, United States.

SOURCES: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, Birth File. Martin JA, Hamilton BE, Sutton PD, Ventura SJ, Menacker F, Munson ML. Births: Final Data for 2003. National vital statistics reports; vol 54, no 2. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics, 2005; Births: Final data for each data year 1997–2002. National vital statistics reports. Hyattsville, Maryland; Final natality statistics for each data year 1970–96. Monthly vital statistics report. Hyattsville, Maryland.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2005
Health, United States, 2005: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2005 Nov.

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