Table XIICurrent cigarette smoking by persons 18 years of age and over, according to race and Hispanic origin under the 1977 and 1997 Standards for Federal data on race and ethnicity: United States, average annual 1993–95

1997 Standards Sample size Percent Standard error 1977 Standards Sample size Percent Standard error
White only46,22825.20.26White46,66425.30.26
Black or African American only7,20826.60.64Black7,33426.50.63
American Indian or Alaska Native only41632.92.53American Indian or Alaska Native48033.92.38
Asian only1,37015.01.19Asian or Pacific Islander1,41115.51.22
2 or more races total78634.52.00
 Black or African American; White83*21.76.05
 American Indian or Alaska Native; White46140.02.58
Race, any mention
White, any mention46,88225.30.26
Black or African American, any mention7,38226.60.63
American Indian or Alaska Native, any Mention96536.31.71
Asian, any mention1,45815.71.20
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, any mention53*17.55.10
Hispanic origin and race
Not Hispanic or Latino:Non-Hispanic:
 White only42,42125.80.27 White42,97625.90.27
 Black or African American only7,05326.70.65 Black7,20326.70.64
 American Indian or Alaska Native only35833.52.69 American Indian or Alaska Native40735.42.53
 Asian only1,32014.81.21 Asian or Pacific Islander1,39715.31.24
 2 or more races total68735.62.15
Hispanic or Latino5,17517.80.65Hispanic5,17517.80.65

*Relative standard error 20–30 percent.

NOTES: The 1997 Standards for Federal data on race and ethnicity set five single-race groups (White, Black, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander) and allow respondents to report one or more race groups. Estimates for single-race and multiple-race groups not shown above do not meet standards for statistical reliability or confidentiality (relative standard error greater than 30 percent). Race groups under the 1997 Standards were based on the question, "What is the group or groups which represents _____ race?" For persons who selected multiple groups, race groups under the 1977 Standards were based on the additional question, "Which of those groups would you say best represents ____ race?" Race-specific estimates in this table were calculated after excluding respondents of other and unknown race. Other published race-specific estimates are based on files in which such responses have been edited. Percents are age adjusted to the year 2000 standard using three age groups: Under 18 years, 18–44 years, and 45–64 years of age. See Appendix II , Age adjustment.

SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey.

From: Appendix II - Definitions and Methods

Cover of Health, United States, 2005
Health, United States, 2005: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2005 Nov.

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