Figure 94.7. Approaches for esophagectomy: A, right thoracotomy and laparotomy with intrathoracic (Ivor Lewis operation) or cervical anastomosis (McKeown modification of Ivor Lewis esophagectomy).

Figure 94.7

Approaches for esophagectomy: A, right thoracotomy and laparotomy with intrathoracic (Ivor Lewis operation) or cervical anastomosis (McKeown modification of Ivor Lewis esophagectomy). B, left thoracotomy, accessing the abdomen through a peripheral incision in the diaphragm, with intrathoracic or cervical anastomosis. C, transhiatal esophagectomy with cervical anastomosis. D, thoracoscopic esophagectomy.

From: Chapter 94, Neoplasms of the Esophagus

Cover of Holland-Frei Cancer Medicine
Holland-Frei Cancer Medicine. 5th edition.
Bast RC Jr, Kufe DW, Pollock RE, et al., editors.
Hamilton (ON): BC Decker; 2000.
© 2000, BC Decker Inc.

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