Table 32.4Patterns of Neoplastic Spread for Common Human Cancers

NeoplasmHematogenousLymphaticLocal Infiltration (Expressed as Local Recurrence)
Adenocarcinoma
Breast432
Endometrium121
Ovary234
Stomach443
Pancreas443
Colon331
Kidney222
Prostate333
Liver114
Epidermoid carcinoma
Lung432
Oropharynx133
Larynx132
Cervix143
Transitional cell carcinoma
Bladder234
Cutaneous neoplasm
Squamous cell carcinoma121
Melanoma332
Basal cell carcinoma001
Sarcoma
Bone411
Soft tissue413
Brain neoplasm004

Does not occur; 1, 1–5%, 2, 15–30%, 3, 30%; 4, 50%

From: Chapter 32, Principles of Surgical Oncology

Cover of Holland-Frei Cancer Medicine
Holland-Frei Cancer Medicine. 5th edition.
Bast RC Jr, Kufe DW, Pollock RE, et al., editors.
Hamilton (ON): BC Decker; 2000.
© 2000, BC Decker Inc.

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