Table 127Mental health expenditures, percent distribution, and per capita expenditures, according to type of mental health organization: United States, selected years 1975-2000
[Data are based on an inventory of Mental Health Organizations (IMHO)] Click here for spreadsheet version

Type of organization 1975 1979 1983 1986 1990 1992 1994 1 1998 2000 2
Amount in millions
All organizations$6,564$8,764$14,432$18,458$28,410$29,765$33,136$38,512$32,966
State and county psychiatric hospitals3,1853,7575,4916,3267,7747,9707,8257,1176,732
Private psychiatric hospitals4677431,7122,6296,1015,3026,4684,1063,642
Non-Federal general hospital psychiatric services6217232,1762,8784,6625,1935,3445,5895,868
Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers36998481,3161,3381,4801,5301,3861,6901,159
Residential treatment centers for emotionally disturbed children2794365739781,9692,1672,3603,5573,600
All other organizations41,3132,2563,1644,3106,4247,6039,75316,45411,964
Percent distribution
All organizations100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
State and county psychiatric hospitals48.542.938.034.327.426.823.618.520.4
Private psychiatric hospitals7.18.511.914.221.517.819.510.711.0
Non-Federal general hospital psychiatric services9.
Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers310.
Residential treatment centers for emotionally disturbed children4.
All other organizations420.025.721.923.322.625.529.442.736.3
Amount per capita5
All organizations$ 31$ 40$ 62$ 77$ 116$ 117$ 128$ 143$ 118
State and county psychiatric hospitals151724263231302624
Private psychiatric hospitals237112521251513
Non-Federal general hospital psychiatric services339121920212121
Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers3346666564
Residential treatment centers for emotionally disturbed children12248991313
All other organizations461014182630386143

Beginning in 1994 data for supportive residential clients (moderately staffed housing arrangements such as supervised apartments, group homes, and halfway houses) are included in the totals and all other organizations. This change affects the comparability of trend data prior to 1994 with data for 1994 and later years.


Preliminary data.


Includes Department of Veterans Affairs neuropsychiatric hospitals, general hospital psychiatric services, and psychiatric outpatient clinics.


Includes freestanding psychiatric outpatient clinics, partial care organizations, multiservice mental health organizations, residential treatment centers for adults, substance abuse organizations, and in 1975 and 1979 Federally funded community mental health centers.


Civilian population as of January 1 each year through 1998. The rates for 2000 are based on the decennial census sample civilian population.

NOTES: Changes in reporting procedures and definitions may affect the comparability of data prior to 1980 with those of later years. Mental health expenditures include salaries, other operating expenditures, and capital expenditures. These data exclude mental health care provided in nonpsychiatric units of hospitals such as general medical units. These data include revisions for 1998 data and differ from the previous editions of Health, United States.

SOURCES: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services, Division of State and Community Systems Development, Survey and Analysis Branch. Manderscheid RW, Henderson MJ. Mental health, United States, 2002. U.S. Government Printing Office, 2004.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2004
Health, United States, 2004: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2004 Sep.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.