Table 64Use of selected substances by high school seniors, tenth-, and eighth-graders, according to sex and race: United States, selected years 1980-2003
[Data are based on a survey of high school seniors, tenth-, and eighth-graders in the coterminous United States] Click here for spreadsheet version

Substance, sex, race, and grade in school 1980 1990 1991 1995 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
CigarettesPercent using substance in the past month
All seniors30.529.428.333.534.631.429.526.724.4
 Male26.829.129.034.535.432.829.727.426.2
 Female33.429.227.532.033.529.728.725.522.1
 White31.032.531.837.339.136.634.130.928.2
 Black or African American25.212.09.415.014.913.612.911.39.0
All tenth-graders- - -- - -20.827.925.723.921.317.716.7
 Male- - -- - -20.827.725.223.820.916.716.2
 Female- - -- - -20.727.925.823.621.518.617.0
 White- - -- - -23.931.229.127.324.020.819.3
 Black or African American- - -- - -6.412.211.011.310.99.18.8
All eighth-graders- - -- - -14.319.117.514.612.210.710.2
 Male- - -- - -15.518.816.714.312.211.09.6
 Female- - -- - -13.119.017.714.712.010.410.6
 White- - -- - -15.021.719.016.412.811.110.6
 Black or African American- - -- - -5.38.210.78.48.07.36.4
Marijuana
All seniors33.714.013.821.223.121.622.421.521.2
 Male37.816.116.124.626.324.725.625.324.7
 Female29.111.511.217.219.718.319.117.417.3
 White34.215.615.021.523.422.023.922.822.8
 Black or African American26.55.26.517.820.417.516.516.416.1
All tenth-graders- - -- - -8.717.219.419.719.817.817.0
 Male- - -- - -10.119.221.823.322.719.319.0
 Female- - -- - -7.315.017.016.216.816.415.0
 White- - -- - -9.417.720.220.120.419.117.4
 Black or African American- - -- - -3.815.114.717.016.514.415.6
All eighth-graders- - -- - -3.29.19.79.19.28.37.5
 Male- - -- - -3.89.810.510.211.09.58.5
 Femal- - -- - -2.68.28.87.87.37.16.4
 White- - -- - -3.09.08.58.38.67.97.0
 Black or African American- - -- - -2.17.010.08.57.77.17.4
Cocaine
All seniors5.21.91.41.82.62.12.12.32.1
 Male6.02.31.72.23.32.72.52.72.6
 Female4.31.30.91.31.81.61.61.81.4
 White5.41.81.31.72.82.22.32.82.1
 Black or African American2.00.50.80.40.51.00.60.21.0
All tenth-graders- - -- - -0.71.71.91.81.31.61.3
 Male- - -- - -0.71.82.22.11.51.81.3
 Female- - -- - -0.61.51.61.41.21.41.3
 White- - -- - -0.61.71.91.71.21.71.4
 Black or African American- - -- - -0.20.40.30.40.30.40.5
 All eighth-graders- - -- - -0.51.21.31.21.21.10.9
 Male- - -- - -0.71.11.41.31.11.11.0
 Female- - -- - -0.41.21.21.11.21.10.8
 White- - -- - -0.41.01.11.11.11.00.8
 Black or African American- - -- - -0.40.40.30.50.40.50.5
InhalantsPercent using substance in the past month
All seniors1.42.72.43.22.02.21.71.51.5
 Male1.83.53.33.92.52.92.32.22.0
 Female1.02.01.62.51.51.71.10.81.1
 White1.43.02.43.72.12.11.81.31.7
 Black or African American1.01.51.51.10.42.11.31.20.7
All tenth-graders- - -- - -2.73.52.62.62.52.42.2
 Male- - -- - -2.93.82.93.02.52.32.3
 Female- - -- - -2.63.22.22.22.42.42.2
 White- - -- - -2.93.92.92.82.52.62.6
 Black or African American- - -- - -2.01.20.81.50.91.50.5
All eighth-graders- - -- - -4.46.15.04.54.03.84.1
 Male- - -- - -4.15.64.64.13.63.53.4
 Female- - -- - -4.76.65.34.84.33.94.7
 White- - -- - -4.57.05.64.54.13.94.3
 Black or African American- - -- - -2.32.32.32.32.62.72.3
MDMA (Ecstasy)
All seniors- - -- - -- - -- - -2.53.62.82.41.3
 Male- - -- - -- - -- - -2.64.13.72.61.3
 Female- - -- - -- - -- - -2.53.12.02.11.2
 White- - -- - -- - -- - -2.73.92.82.51.3
 Black or African American- - -- - -- - -- - -0.01.90.90.50.6
All tenth-graders- - -- - -- - -- - -1.82.62.61.81.1
 Male- - -- - -- - -- - -1.72.53.51.61.2
 Female- - -- - -- - -- - -1.92.51.61.81.1
 White- - -- - -- - -- - -2.12.52.62.31.2
 Black or African American- - -- - -- - -- - -0.31.81.00.50.7
All eighth-graders- - -- - -- - -- - -0.81.41.81.40.7
 Male- - -- - -- - -- - -0.91.61.91.50.7
 Female- - -- - -- - -- - -0.71.21.81.30.7
 White- - -- - -- - -- - -0.91.42.01.00.7
 Black or African American- - -- - -- - -- - -0.40.81.10.60.4
Alcohol1
All seniors72.057.154.051.351.050.049.848.647.5
 Male77.461.358.455.755.354.054.752.351.7
 Female66.852.349.047.046.846.145.145.143.8
 White75.862.257.754.854.955.355.352.752.0
 Black or African American47.732.934.437.430.829.329.630.729.2
All tenth-graders- - -- - -42.838.840.041.039.035.435.4
 Male- - -- - -45.539.742.343.341.135.335.3
 Female- - -- - -40.337.838.138.636.835.735.3
 White- - -- - -45.741.343.444.341.039.038.4
 Black or African American- - -- - -30.224.924.624.726.023.224.0
All eighth-graders- - -- - -25.124.624.022.421.519.619.7
 Male- - -- - -26.325.024.822.522.319.119.4
 Female- - -- - -23.824.023.322.020.620.019.8
 White- - -- - -26.025.425.623.922.520.419.9
 Black or African American- - -- - -17.817.316.815.114.914.716.5
Binge drinking2Percent in last 2 weeks
All seniors41.232.229.829.830.830.029.728.627.9
 Male52.139.137.836.938.136.736.034.234.2
 Female30.524.421.223.023.623.523.723.022.1
 White44.636.232.932.934.834.434.532.931.9
 Black or African American17.011.611.815.511.911.012.610.411.1
All tenth-graders- - -- - -22.924.025.626.224.922.422.2
 Male- - -- - -26.426.429.729.828.623.823.2
 Female- - -- - -19.521.521.822.521.421.021.2
 White- - -- - -24.425.727.728.526.424.624.3
 Black or African American- - -- - -14.412.312.912.912.312.411.7
All eighth-graders- - -- - -12.914.515.214.113.212.411.9
 Male- - -- - -14.315.116.414.413.712.512.2
 Female- - -- - -11.413.913.913.612.412.111.6
 White- - -- - -12.614.515.214.613.112.311.4
 Black or African American- - -- - -9.910.010.89.38.89.910.9

- - - Data not available.

0.0 Quantity more than zero but less than 0.05.

1

In 1993 the alcohol question was changed to indicate that a “drink” meant “more than a few sips.” 1993 data, available in the spreadsheet version of this table, are based on a half sample.

2

Five or more alcoholic drinks in a row at least once in the prior 2-week period.

NOTES: Because of methodological differences among the National Survey on Drug Use & Health (NSDUH), Monitoring the Future Study (MTF), and Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), rates of substance use measured by these surveys are not directly comparable. See Appendix I, NSDUH, MTF, and YRBS. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCE: National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), Monitoring the Future Study, Annual surveys.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2004
Health, United States, 2004: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2004 Sep.

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