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Siegel GJ, Agranoff BW, Albers RW, et al., editors. Basic Neurochemistry: Molecular, Cellular and Medical Aspects. 6th edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven; 1999.

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Basic Neurochemistry: Molecular, Cellular and Medical Aspects. 6th edition.

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Glossary

AA

arachidonic acid

AADC

aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase

AANAT

aryl alkylamine N-acetyltransferase

AAV

adeno-associated virus

ABC

ATP-binding cassette

amyloid β-peptide

AC

adenylyl cyclase

ACh

acetylcholine

AChE

acetylcholinesterase

AChR

acetylcholine receptor

ACTH

adrenocorticotrophic hormone

AD

Alzheimer’s disease

ADP

adenosine 5′-diphosphate

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AIP

acute intermittent porphyria

AKAP

protein kinase A anchoring protein

AL

argininosuccinate lyase

ALD

adrenoleukodystrophy

ALS

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

AMD

age-related macular degeneration;

acid maltase deficiency

AMN

adrenomyeloneuropathy

AMOG

adhesion molecule on glia

AMP

adenosine 5′-monophosphate

AMP-PNP

adenylylimidodiphosphate

AMPA

α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid

AMPT

α-methyl-p-tyrosine

ANP

atrial natriuretic peptide

l-AP4

l-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate

ApCAM

Aplysia cell adhesion molecule

APDC

2r,4r-4-aminopyrrolidine-2-4-dicarboxylate

ApoE

apolipoprotein E

APP

amyloid precursor protein

APPL

β-amyloid precursor like protein

ARAS

ascending reticular activating system

ARF

ADP-ribosylation factor

ARIA

ACh receptor-inducing activity

Arp1

actin related protein 1

AS

argininosuccinate synthetase

ATF

activating transcription factor

ATP

adenosine 5′-triphosphate

βAPP

β-amyloid precursor protein

βARK

β-adrenergic receptor kinase

βLPH

β-lipotropin

BAPTA

1,2-bis(o-aminophenoxy)ethane-N-N-N′-N′-tetraacetic acid

BBB

blood-brain barrier

BCAA

branched chain amino acids

BCP

bag cell peptides

BCDHC

branched chain dehydrogenase complex

BCH

2-aminonorbornane-2-carboxylic acid

BDNF

brain-derived neurotrophic factor

BH4

tetrahydrobiopterin

BMAA

β-N-methylamino-l-alanine

BMP

bone morphogenetic proteins

BNP

brain natriuretic peptide

BOLD

blood oxygenation level dependent

BPB

p-bromophenacyl bromide

BSE

bovine spongiform encephalopathy

BTX

batrachotoxin

BuChE

butyryl (or pseudo) cholinesterases

CA

catecholamines

cADPr

cyclic adenosine diphosphate ribose

CAK

CDK-activating kinase

CAKAK

CAK-activating kinase

CAM

cell adhesion molecule

CaMK

Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent protein kinases

cAMP

cyclic AMP; adenosine 3′,5′-monophosphate

CBF

cerebral blood flow

CBP

CREB-binding protein

CBV

cerebral blood volume

CCK

cholecystokinin

cdc

cell division cycle (protein)

cDNA

complementary DNA

CDF

cholinergic differentiation factor

CDK

cyclin-dependent kinase

CDP

cytidine diphosphate

CDP·DAG

cytidine diphosphate diacylglycerol

Cer-Glc

glucocerebroside

CF

climbing fiber

CFTR

cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator

CG

complementation groups

cGMP

cyclic GMP; guanosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate

CGRP

calcitonin gene-related peptide

ChAT

choline acetyltransferase

CICR

Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release

CIDP

chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

CIF

Ca2+ influx factor

CIRL

Ca2+ independent receptor for latrotoxin

CJD

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

CK

creatine kinase

CMR

cerebral metabolic rate

CMRglc

cerebral metabolic rate for glucose

CMRA

cerebral metabolic rate for ammonia

CMRO2

cerebral metabolic rate for O2

CMT

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

cNG

cyclic nucleotide-gated channel

CNP

2′,3′-cyclic nucleotide 3′-phosphodiesterase

CNS

central nervous system

CNTF

ciliary neurotrophic factor

rCNT

nucleoside cotransporter

CoA

coenzyme A

COMT

catechol-O-methyltransferase

Con A

concanavalin A

COP-1

copolymer-1

CORT

corticosterone

COX

cytochrome oxidase;

cyclooxygenase

CPE

carboxypeptidase E

CPK

creatine phosphokinase

mCPP

m-chlorophenylpiperazine

2r-CPPene

3-(2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl) 1-propenyl-1-phosphonic acid

CPS

carbamyl phosphate synthetase

CPT

carnitine palmitoyltransferase

CRE

cAMP responsive element

CREB

CRE-binding (protein)

CREM

CRE-modulatory (protein)

CRH

corticotropin releasing hormone

CRM

(immunological) cross-reacting material

CRP

creatine phosphate

CS

conditioned stimulus

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

Csk

C-terminal Src kinase

CSP

cysteine string protein

CT

computed tomography

CT-1

cardiotrophin 1

CTP

cytidine 5′-triphosphate

CTX

cortex

DA

dopamine

DAG

diacylglycerol

DAO

diamine oxidase

d-AP5

d-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid

DARPP-32

dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein of 32 kDa

DAT

dopamine transporter

DBH

dopamine β-hydroxylase

DBI

diazepam-binding inhibitor

DBM

dopamine β-monooxygenase

5,7-DCK

5,7-dichlorokynurenic acid

DDC

dopa decarboxylase

2DG

2-deoxy-d-glucose

DHA

docosahexaenoic acid

DHAP

dihydroxyacetone phosphate

DHAP-AT

dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyl transferase

DHEA

dihydroepiandrosterone

DHT

5α-dihydrotestosterone

DHPR

dihydropteridine reductase

5,7-DHT

5,7-dihydroxytryptamine

DMD

Duchenne muscular dystrophy

l-DOPA

3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine

DOPAC

3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid

DRG

dorsal root ganglia

DS

Down’s syndrome

DSS

Derjerine-Sottas syndrome

EAAC

excitatory amino acid carrier; see EAAT

EAAT

excitatory amino acid transporter; see EAAC

EAE

experimental allergic encephalomyelitis

EAN

experimental allergic neuritis

ECM

extracellular matrix

ECT

electroconvulsive therapy

EDRF

endothelium-derived relaxing factor

EEG

electroencephalogram

EGF

epidermal growth factor

EGFR

epidermal growth factor receptor

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunoabsorbant assay

ELH

egg laying hormone

EM

electron microscopy

EMG

electromyogram

ENS

enteric nervous system

EPA

eicosapentaenoic acid

Eph

erythropoietin producing hepatocellular receptor

EPP

evoked end plate potential

EPS

extrapyramidal syndrome

EPSC

excitatory postsynaptic current

EPSP

excitatory postsynaptic potential

ER

endoplasmic reticulum

ERG

early response genes

ERK

extracellularly regulated kinase

ES

embryonic stem cells

ETF

electron-transferring flavoprotein

FAD

flavin adenine dinucleotide

FAK

focal adhesion kinase

FDA

[18F]fluorodopamine

FDOPA

[18F]6-fluoro-DOPA

FFA

free fatty acid

FFI

fatal familial insomnia

FGF

fibroblast growth factor

FGFR

fibroblast growth factor receptor

FMN

flavin mononucleotide

FMRF-NH2

Phe-Met-Arg-Phe-amide, a molluscan excitatory neuropeptide

fMRI

functional magnetic resonance imaging

FSH

follicle stimulating hormone

Gαgust

gustducin Gα protein

G6P

glucose 6-phosphate

GABA

γ-aminobutyric acid

GABA-T

GABA transaminase

GAD

glutamic acid decarboxylase

GAG

glycosaminoglycans

Gal

galactose

galC

galactocerebroside

GalNAc

N-acetylgalactosamine

GAP

GTPase-activating protein

GAP-43

growth-associated protein of 43 kDa

GBS

Guillain-Barré syndrome

GC

glucocorticoid

GCS

glycine cleavage system

GDI

GDP-dissociation inhibitor

GDNF

glial-derived neurotrophic factor

GDP

guanosine 5′-diphosphate

GEF

guanine nucleotide exchange factor

GEMSA

guanidinoethylmercaptosuccinic acid

GFAP

glial fibrillary acidic protein

GGF

glial growth factor

GI

gastrointestinal (tract)

GIP

GTPase inhibitory protein

GIRK

G-protein-coupled inwardly rectifying K+ channel

GL

granular layer

GLAST

glutamate-aspartate transporter

Glc

glucose

GLC

gas-liquid chromatography

GlcNAc

N-acetylglucosamine

GluR

glutamate receptor

GLUT

glucose transporter

GLT

glutamate transporter

GMP

guanosine 5′-monophosphate

GnRH

gonadotropin releasing hormone

GPCR

G-protein-coupled receptor

GPI

glycosylphosphatidylinositol

Gpl

lateral globus pallidus

Gpm

medial globus pallidus

Gpx

glutathione peroxidase

Grb

growth factor receptor binding protein

GRE

glucocorticoid response element

GRK

G protein receptor kinase

GS

glycogen synthetase

GSH

glutathione

GSS

Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome

GTP

guanosine 5′-triphosphate

HC

hippocampus; see also HpC

HCHWA-D

hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis of the Dutch type

HDC

l-histidine decarboxylase

HE

hepatic encephalopathy

HETE

hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid

HGPRT

hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase

5-HIAA

5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid

HIOMT

5-hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

HLA

human leukocyte antigen

HLH

helix-loop-helix transcriptional regulator

HMG

β-hydroxy-β-methylglutaryl

HMM

heavy meromyosin

HMT

histamine N-methyltransferase

HNPP

hereditary neuropathy with predisposition to pressure palsies

HpC

hippocampus; see also HC

HPETE

hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid

HPLC

high-performance liquid chromatography

HPRT

hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase

HPTLC

high-performance thin layer chromatography

5-HT

5-hydroxytryptamine; serotonin

5-HTP

5-hydroxytryptophan

HVA

homovanillic acid

ICRAC

Ca2+-release-activated Ca2+ current

IAA

imidazoleacetic acid

ICAM

intercellular adhesion molecule

IF

intermediate filaments

Ig

immunoglobulin

IGF

insulin-like growth factor

IL

interleukin

INSR

insulin receptor

IP1

inositol 1-phosphate

IP2

inositol 1,4-bisphosphate

IP3

inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate

IP4

inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate

IRD

infantile Refsum disease

IPSP

inhibitory postsynaptic potential

IRS

insulin receptor substrate

ITP

inosine phosphate

ITR

inverted repeated sequence

IVG

isovalerylglycine

JP

joining peptide

Kca

Ca2+-activated K+ channels

Kerg

ether-a-go-go-related K+ channels

Kir

inwardly rectifying K+ channels

Kv

voltage-gated K+ channels

KA

kainic acid

α-KG

α-ketoglutarate

αKGDH

α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase

KGDHC

α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex

KPI

Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor

KRP

kinesin related protein

KSS

Kearns-Sayre syndrome

LC

locus ceruleus

LCAD

long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase

LCHAD

long chain-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase

LDCV

large dense-core vesicle

LDH

lactate dehydrogenase

LDL

low density lipoprotein

LEMS

Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome

LH

luteinizing hormone

LHON

Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy

LHRH

luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone

LIF

leukemia inhibitory factor

LIFR

leukemia inhibitory factor receptor

LMM

light meromyosin

LNAA

large neutral amino acid

LPS

lipopolysaccharide

LSD

lysergic acid diethylamide

LTD

long-term depression

LTP

long-term potentiation

mAChR

muscarinic acetylcholine receptor

MAG

myelin-associated glycoprotein

MAGUK

membrane-associated guanylyl kinase homolog

MAO

monoamine oxidase

MAOI

monoamine oxidase inhibitors

MAP

microtubule-associated protein

MAPK

mitogen-activated protein kinase

MAPKAP

MAP-kinase-activated protein kinase

MARCKS

myristoylated alanine-rich protein kinase C substrate

MAS

malate-aspartate shuttle

MASC

myotube-associated specificity component

MBO

membrane-bounded organelle

MBP

myelin basic protein

MCAD

medium chain acyl CoA dehydrogenase

MCHAD

medium chain 3-hydroxyacyl CoA dehydrogenase

MDMA

3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine

MDR

multidrug resistance protein

MeAIB

2-methylamino-isobutyric acid

MeDOPA

3-O-methyl-DOPA

MEK

MAPK/ERK activating kinase

MEKK

MEK kinase

MELAS

mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes

MEPP

miniature end plate potential

MERRF

myoclonus epilepsy with ragged red fibers

MF

microfilament

MG

myasthenia gravis

mGluR

metabotropic glutamate receptor

MH

malignant hyperthermia

t-MH

tele-methylhistamine

MHC

major histocompatibility complex

MHPG

3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol

t-MIAA

tele-methylimidazole acetic acid

MKP

MAP-kinase phosphatases

ML

molecular layer

MLD

metachromatic leukodystrophy

MMA

methylmalonic acid

MMN

multifocal motor neuropathy

MOG

myelin-oligodendrocyte glycoprotein

MPP+

1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium

MPTP

1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine

MRP

multidrug resistant proteins

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

mRNA

messenger RNA

MS

multiple sclerosis

MSA

multiple system atrophy

MSD

multiple sulfatase deficiency

MSUD

maple syrup urine disease

MT

microtubule

3-MT

3-methoxytyramine

mtDNA

mitochondrial DNA

MTOC

microtubule-organizing center

MuSK

muscle specific kinase

Na,K-ATPase

(Na++K+)-stimulated adenosine triphosphatase

NAAG

N-acetylaspartyl glutamate

NAALADase

N-acetyl alpha-linked acidic dipeptidase

nAChR

nicotinic ACh receptor

NAD+

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (oxidized)

NADH

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (reduced)

NADP+

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (oxidized)

NADPH

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (reduced)

NAG

N-acetylglutamate

NALD

neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy

NANA

N-acetylneuraminic acid

NBQX

6-nitro 7-sulphamobenzo[f]quinoxaline-2,3-dione

NC

neural crest

NCAM

neural cell adhesion molecule

NDF

neu differentiation factor

nDNA

nuclear DNA

NE

norepinephrine

NET

norepinephrine transporter

NF

neurofilament;

neurofibro-matosis

NFT

neurofibrillary tangle

NgCAM

neuronal glial cell adhesion molecule

NGF

nerve growth factor

NGFR

nerve growth factor receptor

NHE

Na+/H+ antiporters

NIPP

nuclear inhibitor of protein phosphatase

NKH

nonketotic hyperglycinemia

NMDA

N-methyl-d-aspartate

NMJ

neuromuscular junction

NMR

nuclear magnetic resonance

NO

nitric oxide

NOS

nitric oxide synthase

NPY

neuropeptide Y

NRD

N-arginine dibasic

NRPTK

nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase

NSAID

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

NSF

N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor

NT

neurotrophin

OAG

1-oleoyl, 2-acetyl sn-glycerol

OCD

obsessive-compulsive disorder

OCRL

oculocerebrorenal syndrome

6-OHDA

6-hydroxydopamine

Ol

oligodendrocyte

3-OMD

3-O-methyldopa

OTC

ornithine transcarbamylase

∼P

high-energy phosphate bond

Pi

inorganic phosphate

PA

phosphatidic acid

PACAP

pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating peptide

PAF

platelet-activating factor

PAH

phenylalanine hydroxylase

PAL

peptidyl-α-hydroxyglycine α-amidating lyase

PAM

peptidylglycine α-amidating monooxygenase

PaO2

partial pressure of ambient arterial oxygen

PARP

polyADP-ribose polymerase

PAS

periodic acid Schiff base

PBN

N-tert-butyl-alpha-phenylnitrone

PC

phosphatidylcholine;

prohormone convertase

PCA

parachloroamphetamine

PCL

Purkinje cell layers

PCP

phencyclidine

PCPA

parachlorophenylalanine

PCR

polymerase chain reaction

PCr

phosphocreatine

PD

Parkinson’s disease

PDE

phosphodiesterase

PDGF

platelet-derived growth factor

PDGFR

platelet-derived growth factor receptor

PDHC

pyruvate dehydrogenase complex

PEPCK

phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase

PET

positron emission tomography

PFC

prefrontal cortex

PFK

phosphofructokinase

PG

prostaglandin

PGK

phosphoglycerate kinase

PGM

phosphoglycerate mutase

PGS

prostaglandin G/H synthase

PH

pleckstrin-homology

PHAL

Phaseolus vulgaris leukoagglutinin

PHF

paired, helically wound, ∼10 nm filament

PHGPx

phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase

PHM

peptidylglycine α-hydroxylating monooxygenase

PI

phosphatidylinositol;

phosphoinositide

PI 3-kinase

phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase

PIP

phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate

PIP2

phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate

PI-PLC

phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C

PKA

protein kinase A; cAMP-dependent protein kinase

PKC

protein kinase C; Ca2+/diacylglycerol-dependent protein kinase

PKG

protein kinase G; cGMP-dependent protein kinase

PKU

phenylketonuria

PLA

phospholipase A

PLC

phospholipase C

PLD

phospholipase D

PLP

proteolipid protein

PMCA

plasma-membrane Ca2+ pump

PMD

Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease

PML

progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

PMP

peripheral myelin protein

PNMT

phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase

PNS

peripheral nervous system

pO2

local partial pressure for O2

POMC

proopiomelanocortin

POU

a conserved region in pit-1, oct-1, oct-2 and unc-86 proteins

PP1 or PP2

protein phosphatase 1 or 2

PPADS

pyridoxal phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulfonic acid

PRL

prolactin

proANF

proatrial natriuretic factor

PrP

prion protein

PrPSc

scrapie prion protein

PS

pregnenolone sulfate;

phosphatidylserine—see PtdSer;

presenilin

PSA

polysialic acid

PSE

portal-systemic encephalopathy

PSEP

postsynaptic excitatory potential; see EPSP

PsmR

presynaptic membrane receptor

PSP

progressive supranuclear palsy

PT

pars tuberalis

PTB

phosphotyrosine binding domain

PTBR

peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor

PtdCho

phosphatidylcholine

PtdEtn

phosphatidylethanolamine

PtdIns

phosphatidylinositol

PtdIns 4P

phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate

PtdIns 4,5P2

phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate

PtdOH

phosphatidic acid

PtdSer

phosphatidylserine

PTH

parathyroid hormone

PTK

protein tyrosine kinase

PTP

protein tyrosine phosphatase

PTS-1

peroxisomal targeting signals (C-terminal)

PTS-2

peroxisomal targeting signals (N-terminal)

PTSD

post-traumatic stress disorder

PVN

paraventricular nucleus

PYK

proline-rich tyrosine kinase

PZ

pirenzepine

R*

photoactivated rhodopsin

RACK

receptors for activated protein kinase C

RAGS

repulsive axon guidance signal

RAK

delayed rectifier potassium channel

RCDP

rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata

rCMRglc

regional cerebral metabolic rate for glucose

REM

rapid eye movement

RER

rough endoplasmic reticulum

RFLP

restriction fragment length polymorphism

RGS

regulators of G protein signaling

ROS

reactive oxygen species

RP

retinitis pigmentosa

RPTK

receptor protein tyrosine kinase; see also RTK

RQ

respiratory quotient

RR

ryanodine receptor calcium ion channel

Rsk

ribosomal protein S6 kinase

RTK

receptor tyrosine kinase; see also RPTK

RT-PCR

reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction

RVD

regulatory volume decrease

RVI

regulatory volume increase

SAG

Schwann cell membrane associated glycoprotein

SAH

S-adenosylhomocysteine

SAM

S-adenosylmethionine

SAPK

stress activated protein kinase

SBP

serotonin binding protein

Sca

slow component a (of axonal transport)

SCAD

short chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase

SCAMP

secretory carrier membrane protein

Scb

slow component b (of axonal transport)

SCG

superior cervical ganglion

SCHAD

short chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase

SCIP

suppressed cyclic AMP-inducible POU domain protein

SCN

suprachiasmatic nuclei

ScTX

scorpion toxin

SDS

sodium dodecylsulfate

SDS-PAGE

sodium dodecylsulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis

SE

status epilepticus

SEK

SAPK kinase

SER

smooth endoplasmic reticulum

SERCA

smooth endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ antiporter

SERT

serotonin transporter

SGPG

sulfate-3-glucuronyl paragloboside

SH

src homology domain

SHC

src homology collagen-like protein

SHP

SH2 domain containing protein tyrosine phosphatase

SHIP

src homology inositol phosphatase

SHMT

serine hydroxymethyltransferase

SIF

small, intensely fluorescent (cells)

SMDF

sensory and motor neuron-derived growth factor

SMP

Schwann cell myelin protein

SNAP

soluble NSF attachment protein

SNc

substantia nigra pars compacta

SNE

subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy

SNr

substantia nigra pars reticulata

SNT

suc-associated neurotrophic factor-induced tyrosine-phosphorylated target

SOD

superoxide dismutase

SOS

son of sevenless (a G protein)

SPECT

single photon emission computerized tomography

SR

sarcoplasmic reticulum

SRF

serum responsive factor

SRP

signal recognition particle

SSADH

succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase

SSRI

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

SSPE

subacute sclerosing panencephalomyelitis

SSV

small secretory vesicles

ST

striatum

STN

subthalamic nucleus

Str

striatum

SVZ

subventricular zones

SWD

spike and wave discharges

TBPS

t-butyl bicyclophosphorothionate

TC

transcobalamin

TCA

tricyclic antidepressant;

tricarboxylic acid (cycle)

TCR

T cell receptor

TEXAN

toxin extruding antiporter

TGFβ

transforming growth factor β

TH

tyrosine hydroxylase

THIP

4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo-[5,4-c]pyridine-3-ol

THPROG

3α, 5α-pregnan-3α-ol-20-one

TK

transketolase

TLC

thin-layer chromatography

TM; TMD

transmembrane spanning domain

TNF

tumor necrosis factor

TP

trifunctional protein

TPA

tissue plasminogen activator;

12-d-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate

TRE

12-d-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate response element

TRH

thyrotropin-releasing hormone

TSE

transmissible spongiform encephalopathy

TSH

thyroid stimulating hormone

TTP

thiamine triphosphate

TTX

tetrodotoxin

Ub

ubiquitin

UDP

uridine 5′-diphosphate

UDP-glucose

uridine diphosphoglucose

US

unconditioned stimulus

UTP

uridine 5′-triphosphate

VAChT

vesicular acetylcholine transporter

VAMP

vesicle associated membrane protein; synaptobrevin

VBR

ventricular:brain ratio

VGCC

voltage-gated Ca2+ channel

VIP

vasoactive intestinal peptide

VLCAD

very long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase

VLCFA

very long chain fatty acids

VMAT

vesicular membrane amine transporters

VMH

ventromedial hypothalamus

VNO

vomeronasal organ

VPM

ventral posterior medial nucleus

VT

ventral tegmentum

WIPTIDE

Walsh inhibitor protein peptide

WM

white matter

YAC

yeast artificial chromosome

YAP

yeast aspartyl protease

ZS

Zellweger syndrome

By agreement with the publisher, this book is accessible by the search feature, but cannot be browsed.

Copyright © 1999, American Society for Neurochemistry.
Bookshelf ID: NBK20421

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