TABLE 2-5Prevalence Rates for Sub-Saharan Africa HIV Adults Ages 15 to 49 from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS: End of 2003

Adult Prevalence (%) (Low Estimate and High Estimate)
Sub-Saharan Africa 7.5 [6.9 - 8.3]
Angola 3.9 [1.6 - 9.4]
Benin 1.9 [1.1 - 3.3]
Botswana 37.3 [35.5 - 39.1]
Burkina Faso 4.2 [2.7 - 6.5]
Burundi 6.0 [4.1 - 8.8]
Cameroon 6.9 [4.8 - 9.8]
Central African Republic 13.5 [8.3 - 21.2]
Chad 4.8 [3.1 - 7.2]
Congo (Brazzaville) 4.9 [2.1 - 11.0]
Congo (Kinshasa) 4.2 [1.7 - 9.9]
Côte d’Ivoire 7.0 [4.9 - 10.0]
Djibouti 2.9 [0.7 - 7.5]
Eritrea 2.7 [0.9 - 7.3]
Ethiopia 4.4 [2.8 - 6.7]
Gabon 8.1 [4.1 - 15.3]
Gambia 1.2 [0.3 - 4.2]
Ghana 3.1 [1.9 - 5.0]
Guinea 3.2 [1.2 - 8.2]
Kenya 6.7 [4.7 - 9.6]
Lesotho 28.9 [26.3 - 31.7]
Liberia 5.9 [2.7 - 12.4]
Madagascar 1.7 [0.8 - 2.7]
Malawi 14.2 [11.3 - 17.7]
Mali 1.9 [0.6 - 5.9]
Mauritania 0.6 [0.3 - 1.1]
Mozambique 12.2 [9.4 - 15.7]
Namibia 21.3 [18.2 - 24.7]
Niger 1.2 [0.7 - 2.3]
Nigeria 5.4 [3.6 - 8.0]
Rwanda 5.1 [3.4 - 7.6]
Senegal 0.8 [0.4 - 1.7]
South Africa 21.5 [18.5 - 24.9]
Swaziland 38.8 [37.2 - 40.4]
Togo 4.1 [2.7 - 6.4]
Uganda 4.1 [2.8 - 6.6]
Tanzania 8.8 [6.4 - 11.9]
Zambia 16.5 [13.5 - 20.0]
Zimbabwe 24.6 [21.7 - 27.8]

From: 2, Aging in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Changing Demography of the Region

Cover of Aging in Sub-Saharan Africa
Aging in Sub-Saharan Africa: Recommendation for Furthering Research.
National Research Council (US) Committee on Population; Cohen B, Menken J, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2006.
Copyright © 2006, National Academy of Sciences.

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