TABLE 7-5Graduation Rates and Years Spent in Various School, Work, and Other Activities

Ages 13–27
Young Men Young Women
All Hispanics Blacks Whites All Hispanics Blacks Whites
Foreign-Born U.S.-Born Foreign-Born U.S.-Born
Highest grade completed
12.15 11.88 12.22 12.50 13.32 12.39 11.81 12.54 12.86 13.36
1.17 1.44 1.10 0.82 0.97 1.55 0.82 0.50
Proportion graduated from high school
0.73 0.71 0.74 0.84 0.88 0.79 0.65 0.83 0.87 0.91
0.15 0.17 0.14 0.04 0.12 0.26 0.08 0.04
Proportion graduated from college
0.11 0.08 0.12 0.11 0.26 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.13 0.27
0.15 0.18 0.14 0.15 0.16 0.15 0.16 0.14
Years spent working since age 13, all types
9.98 10.41 9.85 9.09 10.48 9.09 8.62 9.21 8.35 10.30
0.50 0.06 0.63 1.39 1.21 1.68 1.09 1.95
Years spent working while in school since age 13
2.75 2.91 2.71 2.50 3.65 2.71 2.44 2.78 2.65 3.56
0.90 0.75 0.95 1.15 0.84 1.11 0.78 0.90
Years spent working part-time (and not in school) since age 13
3.39 3.27 3.43 3.29 2.57 3.60 3.50 3.63 3.44 3.50
–0.82 –0.70 –0.86 –0.72 –0.11 0.00 –0.13 0.06
Years spent working full-time
3.83 4.24 3.72 3.30 4.26 2.77 2.68 2.80 2.26 3.24
0.42 0.01 0.54 0.96 0.47 0.56 0.45 0.99
Years of military service
0.57 0.28 0.65 0.91 0.71 0.04 0.09 0.03 0.13 0.08
0.14 0.43 0.06 –0.21 0.04 –0.01 0.05 –0.05
Years spent in other nonschool, nonwork activities since age 13
0.67 0.41 0.74 0.96 0.31 1.87 2.16 1.80 2.24 1.12
–0.36 –0.10 –0.43 –0.65 –0.75 –1.04 –0.68 –1.12
Number of observations (persons)
488 111 377 769 1,588 493 103 390 720 1,523

NOTE: Italicized values below average accumulated years and proportions are deficits relative to whites.

SOURCE: NLSY79.

From: 7, Hispanics in the U.S. Labor Market

Cover of Hispanics and the Future of America
Hispanics and the Future of America.
National Research Council (US) Panel on Hispanics in the United States; Tienda M, Mitchell F, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2006.
Copyright © 2006, National Academy of Sciences.

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