TABLE 2-11English Fluencya of Foreign-Born Hispanics in the United States, 2000, by Age of Arrival, Education, and Length of Residence in the United States

% English Fluenta(Speaks English Only, or Well, or Very Well) Decade of U.S. Arrival
1990s 1980s Pre-1980 Total
Foreign-born Hispanics: N 7,036,411 4,482,200 4,282,583 15,801,194
% 46 61 69 56.4
Age at arrival: 0–12 years old % 76 88 91 84.7
13–34 years old % 40 56 63 50.4
35 and older % 30 34 36 32.2
Education completedb: College graduate % 67 84 94 81.7
High school graduate % 49 73 87 71.9
Less than high school % 27 42 52 40.5
English fluency by: Decade of U.S. Arrival
Age at arrival: Education completed: 1990s 1980s Pre-1980 Total
      0–12 years old College graduate % NA 96 98 98.1
High school graduate % NA 92 96 95.7
Less than high school % NA 68 80 77.1
      13–34 years old College graduate % 71 85 93 82.1
High school graduate % 52 73 83 69.0
Less than high school % 29 43 50 40.8
      35 and older College graduate % 57 69 71 62.0
High school graduate % 40 52 55 45.5
Less than high school % 21 24 27 23.6
a

English fluency = Persons 5 years or older who speak English only, or well, or very well.

b

Highest level of education completed for persons 25 years or older.

SOURCE: 2000 U.S. Census, 5% PUMS.

From: 2, The Making of a People

Cover of Hispanics and the Future of America
Hispanics and the Future of America.
National Research Council (US) Panel on Hispanics in the United States; Tienda M, Mitchell F, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2006.
Copyright © 2006, National Academy of Sciences.

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