APPENDIX TABLE A8-2Poverty Rates, 1997–2001 Pooled

National Origin (Birthplace) Fraction of Persons with Family Income Below Poverty Threshold
Generation Generation
1.0: Arrived as Adult 1.5: Arrived as Child 2.0: U.S.-Born, Both Parents Foreign-Born 2.5: U.S.-Born, 1 Parent U.S.-Born 3+: U.S.-Born, Both Parents U.S.-Born*1.0: Arrived as Adult 1.5: Arrived as Child 2.0: U.S.-Born, Both Parents Foreign-Born 2.5: U.S.-Born, 1 Parent U.S.-Born 3+: U.S.-Born, Both Parents U.S.-Born*
All Ages Children Ages 0–17
Mexico 0.256 0.275 0.305 0.211 0.205 0.426 0.371 0.267 0.268
El Salvador, Guatemala 0.175 0.187 0.252 0.125 0.291 0.272 0.165
Other Central America 0.195 0.205 0.258 0.132 0.302 0.300 0.173
Puerto Rico 0.281 0.295 0.276 0.220 0.301 0.536 0.443 0.278 0.356
Dominican Republic 0.303 0.312 0.387 0.327 0.481 0.438 0.377
Cuba 0.205 0.125 0.131 0.119 0.052 0.312 0.213 0.135 0.044
Colombia 0.154 0.132 0.155 0.073 0.205 0.177 0.079
Peru, Ecuador 0.129 0.131 0.161 0.087 0.191 0.167 0.102
Other South America 0.101 0.098 0.072 0.090 0.165 0.092 0.096
Hispanics (self-identity)*0.228 0.252 0.288 0.210 0.204 0.399 0.354 0.265 0.269
Black non-Hispanics (self-identity)*0.250 0.353
White non-Hispanics (self-identity)*0.081 0.106
Persons in Female-Headed Families Persons in Married-Couple Families
Mexico 0.480 0.475 0.525 0.392 0.380 0.217 0.240 0.243 0.133 0.117
El Salvador, Guatemala 0.310 0.321 0.474 0.286 0.135 0.124 0.168 0.069
Other Central America 0.341 0.309 0.407 0.251 0.138 0.169 0.192 0.083
Puerto Rico 0.525 0.531 0.450 0.423 0.471 0.160 0.129 0.113 0.071 0.114
Dominican Republic 0.455 0.497 0.587 0.569 0.186 0.171 0.151 0.117
Cuba 0.420 0.281 0.366 0.315 0.134 0.080 0.073 0.025 0.013
Colombia 0.289 0.283 0.347 0.111 0.091 0.085 0.050
Peru, Ecuador 0.247 0.183 0.268 0.194 0.083 0.097 0.122 0.058
Other South America 0.212 0.220 0.066 0.073 0.049 0.010
Hispanics (self-identity)*0.422 0.438 0.496 0.397 0.382 0.179 0.201 0.211 0.120 0.110
Black non-Hispanics (self-identity)*0.394 0.080
White non-Hispanics (self-identity)*0.211 0.037
*

The samples for Hispanics overall and for 3+ generation Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and black and white non-Hispanics are identified by the “subjective” Spanish-origin and race questions in the CPS.

SOURCE: Pooled March CPS files, 1998-2002, using person weights. Results for Hispanics are shown only for cells with at least 90 observations. Boxes indicate combined groups.

From: 8, Economic Well-Being

Cover of Hispanics and the Future of America
Hispanics and the Future of America.
National Research Council (US) Panel on Hispanics in the United States; Tienda M, Mitchell F, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2006.
Copyright © 2006, National Academy of Sciences.

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