TABLE 8-2Poverty Rates, 1997–2001 Pooled

National Origin (Birthplace) Fraction of Persons with Family Income Below Poverty Threshold
Generation
1st: Foreign-Born, 2nd: U.S.-Born, Foreign-Born Parent 3+: U.S.Born Both Parents U.S.-Born*1st: Foreign-Born 2nd: U.S.-Born, Foreign-Born Parent 3+: U.S.-Born, Both Parents U.S.-Born*
All Ages Children Ages 0–17
      Mexico 0.265 0.275 0.205 0.426 0.342 0.268
      Central America 0.187 0.202 0.296 0.248
      Puerto Rico 0.285 0.257 0.301 0.536 0.363 0.356
      Dominican Republic 0.305 0.372 0.481 0.422
      Cuba 0.179 0.126 0.052 0.312 0.178 0.044
      South America 0.126 0.117 0.187 0.131
All Hispanics (self-identity)*0.238 0.266 0.204 0.399 0.331 0.269
Black non-Hispanics (self-identity)*0.250 0.353
White non-Hispanics (self-identity)*0.081 0.106
Persons in Female-Headed Families Persons in Married-Couple Families
      Mexico 0.476 0.477 0.380 0.228 0.210 0.117
      Central America 0.317 0.379 0.138 0.135
      Puerto Rico 0.519 0.441 0.471 0.142 0.097 0.114
      Dominican Republic 0.471 0.584 0.179 0.142
      Cuba 0.374 0.343 0.115 0.055 0.013
      South America 0.246 0.252 0.087 0.070
All Hispanics (self-identity)*0.427 0.464 0.382 0.188 0.187 0.110
Black non-Hispanics (self-identity)*0.394 0.080
White non-Hispanics (self-identity)*0.211 0.037
*

The samples for Hispanics overall and for 3+ generation Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and black and white non-Hispanics are identified by the “subjective” Spanish-origin and race questions in the CPS.

SOURCE: Pooled March CPS files, 1998–2002, using person weights. Results for Hispanics are shown only for cells with at least 90 observations.

From: 8, Economic Well-Being

Cover of Hispanics and the Future of America
Hispanics and the Future of America.
National Research Council (US) Panel on Hispanics in the United States; Tienda M, Mitchell F, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2006.
Copyright © 2006, National Academy of Sciences.

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