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National Research Council (US) Panel on Hispanics in the United States; Tienda M, Mitchell F, editors. Multiple Origins, Uncertain Destinies: Hispanics and the American Future. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2006.

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Multiple Origins, Uncertain Destinies: Hispanics and the American Future.

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With the release of the results of the 2000 census, the growing role of Hispanics in the United States became apparent. Hispanics are now the country's largest minority. Cognizant of the important implications this demographic change would have for the United States, staff of the National Research Council (NRC) suggested it was an appropriate time for a study that would capture social and economic dimensions of the current situation and provide a baseline for future research. The proposed project would also build on prior NRC reports on the status of minority Americans, including America Becoming: Racial Trends and Their Consequences (2001) and A Common Destiny: Blacks and American Society (1989).

As a first step in developing a study, the NRC convened a planning meeting in 2001, chaired by Marta Tienda, to clarify key issues regarding Hispanics in the United States. This was followed in 2002 by a meeting on emerging issues in Hispanic health, chaired by E. Richard Brown, which was sponsored by the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research of the National Institutes of Health. That meeting brought together experts in demography, public health, medicine, sociology, psychiatry, and other fields to examine key issues related to Hispanic health and well-being and resulted in the report Emerging Issues in Hispanic Health: Summary of a Workshop (2002).

With support from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Cancer Institute, the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, the National Institute of Mental Health, and the National Institute on Aging of the National Institutes of Health; the U.S. Census Bureau; the National Center for Health Statistics; the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the California HealthCare Foundations, and the California Endowment, a major study of Hispanics was begun. This report is the product of that study by a panel of experts convened by the National Academies. This report has a companion volume, Hispanics and the Future of America, which presents the detailed analyses that underlie much of the discussion in this report. We thank first the sponsors of the project. Their recognition of the timeliness of a study on Hispanics made possible what we believe is a far-reaching and provoking look at the nation's fastest-growing minority population.

We thank the following individuals for their workshop presentations and other contributions to this volume: Jorge Del Pinal, Patricia Fernández-Kelly, Claudia Galindo, John Gallegos, Eugene Garcia, Roberto Gonzalez, John Iceland, J. Gerardo Lopez, Maria Lopez-Freeman, Elizabeth Martin, Jeff Morenoff, Chandra Muller, Jeff Passel, Sean Reardon, Catherine Riegle-Crumb, Jerry Valadez, William A. Vega, Bruce Western, and Marilyn Winkleby.

We also thank Jeff Evans and Roberto Suro for their contributions to the panel's thinking and writing, Charles V. Morgan for preparing data for the panel's analysis, Rona Briere for her editorial contributions, and Yasmin Ramirez for her assistance with the artwork. We very much appreciate Carmen Lomas Garza, Freddy Rodriguez, Ixrael Rodriguez, Juan Sánchez, Nitza Tufiño, Julio Valdez, Patssi Valdez, and Kathy Vargas for permissions to reproduce their artwork. Among the NRC staff, special thanks are due to Barney Cohen, intern Nicole Ganzekaufer, Amy Gawad, Eugenia Grohman, Ana-Maria Ignat, Anthony Mann, Jane Ross, Kirsten Sampson Snyder, and Yvonne Wise.

Special thanks are due to the panel members, who not only contributed to the lively and at times intense analysis presented in this volume, but who also authored or coauthored the papers in our companion volume.

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the NRC's Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Richard D. Alba, Department of Sociology, State University of New York at Albany; Luis A. Diaz, Department of Dermatology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine; Reynolds Farley, Population Studies Center, University of Michigan; Patricia Gándara, School of Education, University of California, Davis; Jennifer L. Hochschild, Government Department, Harvard University; Robert A. Hummer, Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin; John R. Logan, Spatial Structures in the Social Sciences, Brown University; B. Lindsay Lowell, Institute for the Study of International Migration, Georgetown University; Alba Ortiz, Office of Bilingual Education, University of Texas at Austin; Richard Santos, College of Arts and Sciences, University of New Mexico; Marcelo M. Suárez-Orozco, Immigration Studies, New York University; and Mary C. Waters, Sociology Department, Harvard University.

Although the reviewers listed have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions and recommendations nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Charles Hirschman, Department of Sociology, University of Washington, and Ron Lee, Department of Demography, University of California, Berkeley. Appointed by the NRC, they were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

Marta Tienda, Chair, and Faith Mitchell, Study Director

Panel on Hispanics in the United States

Copyright © 2006, National Academy of Sciences.
Bookshelf ID: NBK19805


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