Table 67

Use of selected substances among high school seniors, tenth–, and eighth-graders, by sex and race: United States, selected years 1980–2007

[Data are based on a survey of high school seniors, tenth–, and eighth-graders in the coterminous United States]

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Substance, grade in school, sex, and race1980198519901991199520002004200520062007
CigarettesPercent using substance in the past month
All high school seniors30.530.129.428.333.531.425.023.221.621.6
 Male26.828.229.129.034.532.825.324.822.423.1
 Female33.431.429.227.532.029.724.120.720.119.6
 White31.031.732.531.837.336.628.227.024.725.2
 Black or African American25.218.712.09.415.013.611.310.011.010.6
All tenth-graders- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐20.827.923.916.014.914.514.0
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐20.827.723.816.214.513.414.6
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐20.727.923.615.715.115.513.3
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐23.931.227.318.117.016.316.1
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐6.412.211.39.67.78.55.8
All eighth-graders- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐14.319.114.69.29.38.77.1
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐15.518.814.38.38.78.17.5
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐13.119.014.79.99.78.96.4
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐15.021.716.49.49.59.17.1
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐5.38.28.47.56.75.44.8
Marijuana
All high school seniors33.725.714.013.821.221.619.919.818.318.8
 Male37.828.716.116.124.624.723.023.619.722.3
 Female29.122.411.511.217.218.316.615.816.415.0
 White34.226.415.615.021.522.021.521.719.219.9
 Black or African American26.521.75.26.517.817.514.215.116.715.4
All tenth-graders- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐8.717.219.715.915.214.214.2
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐10.119.223.317.416.715.715.8
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐7.315.016.214.213.412.612.5
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐9.417.720.115.815.714.714.8
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.815.117.017.213.514.211.0
All eighth-graders- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.29.19.16.46.66.55.7
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.89.810.26.37.66.76.2
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.68.27.86.35.76.04.9
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.09.08.35.56.05.75.1
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.17.08.58.18.26.76.0
Cocaine
All high school seniors5.26.71.91.41.82.12.32.32.52.0
 Male6.07.72.31.72.22.72.92.63.02.4
 Female4.35.61.30.91.31.61.71.82.11.5
 White5.47.01.81.31.72.22.52.32.62.3
 Black or African American2.02.70.50.80.41.00.90.51.00.5
All tenth-graders- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐0.71.71.81.71.51.51.3
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐0.71.82.11.91.91.61.4
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐0.61.51.41.41.21.31.1
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐0.61.71.71.71.51.51.2
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐0.20.40.40.40.80.70.4
All eighth-graders- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐0.51.21.20.91.01.00.9
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐0.71.11.30.80.91.00.7
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐0.41.21.11.01.00.91.0
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐0.41.01.10.80.90.80.6
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐0.40.40.50.80.30.40.6
Substance, grade in school, sex, and race1980198519901991199520002004200520062007
InhalantsPercent using substance in the past month
All high school seniors1.42.22.72.43.22.21.52.01.51.2
 Male1.82.83.53.33.92.91.72.41.51.5
 Female1.01.72.01.62.51.71.31.61.40.9
 White1.42.43.02.43.72.11.62.11.51.2
 Black or African American1.00.81.51.51.12.11.01.41.20.9
All tenth-graders- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.73.52.62.42.22.32.5
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.93.83.02.41.92.22.7
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.63.22.22.32.52.42.4
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.93.92.82.62.22.42.6
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.01.21.51.41.41.81.5
All eighth-graders- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐4.46.14.54.54.24.13.9
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐4.15.64.14.03.13.63.4
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐4.76.64.85.15.34.74.3
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐4.57.04.84.44.04.23.6
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.32.32.33.82.92.72.8
MDMA (Ecstasy)
All high school seniors- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.61.21.01.31.6
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐4.11.61.01.51.5
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.10.91.01.11.6
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.91.21.01.41.7
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐1.91.10.90.60.8
All tenth-graders- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.60.81.01.21.2
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.51.01.01.51.3
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.50.60.90.81.1
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.50.91.01.31.4
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐1.80.10.31.00.4
All eighth-graders- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐1.40.80.60.70.6
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐1.60.70.80.50.7
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐1.20.90.40.80.6
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐1.40.60.60.50.5
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐0.81.20.90.70.8
Alcohol1
All high school seniors72.065.957.154.051.350.048.047.045.344.4
 Male77.469.861.358.455.754.051.150.747.347.1
 Female66.862.152.349.047.046.145.143.343.041.4
 White75.870.262.257.754.855.352.552.249.149.4
 Black or African American47.743.632.934.437.429.329.228.829.527.9
All tenth-graders- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐42.838.841.035.233.233.833.4
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐45.539.743.336.332.833.833.4
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐40.337.838.634.033.633.833.3
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐45.741.344.337.336.736.035.7
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐30.224.924.725.420.822.421.0
All eighth-graders- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐25.124.622.418.617.117.215.9
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐26.325.022.517.916.216.315.6
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐23.824.022.019.017.917.616.0
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐26.025.423.918.617.316.514.7
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐17.817.315.116.013.912.412.3
Substance, grade in school, sex, and race1980198519901991199520002004200520062007
Binge drinking2Percent in last 2 weeks
All high school seniors41.236.732.229.829.830.029.227.125.425.9
 Male52.145.339.137.836.936.734.332.628.930.7
 Female30.528.224.421.223.023.524.221.621.521.5
 White44.640.136.232.932.934.433.131.828.930.5
 Black or African American17.016.711.611.815.511.011.710.911.911.0
All tenth-graders- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐22.924.026.222.021.021.921.9
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐26.426.429.823.822.022.923.4
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐19.521.522.520.219.920.920.4
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐24.425.728.523.723.323.523.9
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐14.412.312.911.510.612.212.5
All eighth-graders- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐12.914.514.111.410.510.910.3
 Male- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐14.315.114.410.810.210.510.4
 Female- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐11.413.913.611.810.610.810.0
 White- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐12.614.514.611.210.310.19.2
 Black or African American- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐9.910.09.38.67.98.07.4
- - -

Data not available.

0.0 Quantity more than zero but less than 0.05.

1

In 1993, the alcohol question was changed to indicate that a drink meant more than a few sips. Data for 1993, available in the spreadsheet version of this table, are based on a half sample. See Appendix II, Alcohol consumption.

2

Five or more alcoholic drinks in a row at least once in the prior 2-week period. See Appendix II, Binge drinking.

NOTES: Estimates for Hispanic students are not shown due to small sample size. For 2-year estimates for Hispanic students, see Johnson LD, O’Malley PM, Bachman JG, Schulenberg JE. Monitoring the Future national results on adolescent drug use: Overview of key findings, 2005. NIH Pub No. 06–5882, 2006. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, available from http://www​.nida.nih.gov​/PDF/overview2005.pdf. Because of methodological differences among the National Survey on Drug Use & Health (NSDUH), the Monitoring the Future Study (MTF), and the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), rates of substance use measured by these surveys are not directly comparable. See Appendix I, NSDUH, MTF, and YRBS. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCE: National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), Monitoring the Future Study, annual surveys.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2008
Health, United States, 2008: With Special Feature on the Health of Young Adults.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2009 Mar.

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