Table 30

Leading causes of death and numbers of deaths, by sex, race, and Hispanic origin: United States, 1980 and 2005

[Data are based on death certificates]

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Sex, race, Hispanic origin, and rank orderCause of deathDeathsCause of deathDeaths
All persons
. . .All causes1,989,841All causes2,448,017
1Diseases of heart761,085Diseases of heart652,091
2Malignant neoplasms416,509Malignant neoplasms559,312
3Cerebrovascular diseases170,225Cerebrovascular diseases143,579
4Unintentional injuries105,718Chronic lower respiratory diseases130,933
5Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases56,050Unintentional injuries117,809
6Pneumonia and influenza54,619Diabetes mellitus75,119
7Diabetes mellitus34,851Alzheimer’s disease71,599
8Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis30,583Influenza and pneumonia63,001
9Atherosclerosis29,449Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis43,901
. . .All causes1,075,078All causes1,207,675
1Diseases of heart405,661Diseases of heart322,841
2Malignant neoplasms225,948Malignant neoplasms290,422
3Unintentional injuries74,180Unintentional injuries76,375
4Cerebrovascular diseases69,973Chronic lower respiratory diseases62,435
5Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases38,625Cerebrovascular diseases56,586
6Pneumonia and influenza27,574Diabetes mellitus36,538
7Suicide20,505Influenza and pneumonia28,052
8Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis19,768Suicide25,907
9Homicide18,779Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis21,268
10Diabetes mellitus14,325Alzheimer’s disease20,559
. . .All causes914,763All causes1,240,342
1Diseases of heart355,424Diseases of heart329,250
2Malignant neoplasms190,561Malignant neoplasms268,890
3Cerebrovascular diseases100,252Cerebrovascular diseases86,993
4Unintentional injuries31,538Chronic lower respiratory diseases68,498
5Pneumonia and influenza27,045Alzheimer’s disease51,040
6Diabetes mellitus20,526Unintentional injuries41,434
7Atherosclerosis17,848Diabetes mellitus38,581
8Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases17,425Influenza and pneumonia34,949
9Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis10,815Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis22,633
10Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period9,815Septicemia18,814
. . .All causes1,738,607All causes2,098,097
1Diseases of heart683,347Diseases of heart564,796
2Malignant neoplasms368,162Malignant neoplasms482,132
3Cerebrovascular diseases148,734Cerebrovascular diseases121,868
4Unintentional injuries90,122Chronic lower respiratory diseases120,884
5Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases52,375Unintentional injuries100,406
6Pneumonia and influenza48,369Alzheimer’s disease66,191
7Diabetes mellitus28,868Diabetes mellitus59,755
8Atherosclerosis27,069Influenza and pneumonia55,540
9Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis25,240Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis34,806
Black or African American
. . .All causes233,135All causes292,808
1Diseases of heart72,956Diseases of heart74,159
2Malignant neoplasms45,037Malignant neoplasms63,165
3Cerebrovascular diseases20,135Cerebrovascular diseases17,541
4Unintentional injuries13,480Unintentional injuries13,652
5Homicide10,172Diabetes mellitus12,970
6Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period6,961Homicide8,669
7Pneumonia and influenza5,648Chronic lower respiratory diseases8,229
8Diabetes mellitus5,544Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis8,075
9Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis4,790Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease7,022
10Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis3,416Septicemia6,221
Sex, race, Hispanic origin, and rank orderCause of deathDeathsCause of deathDeaths
American Indian or Alaska Native
. . .All causes6,923All causes13,918
1Diseases of heart1,494Diseases of heart2,659
2Unintentional injuries1,290Malignant neoplasms2,465
3Malignant neoplasms770Unintentional injuries1,626
4Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis410Diabetes mellitus818
5Cerebrovascular diseases322Cerebrovascular diseases627
6Pneumonia and influenza257Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis596
7Homicide217Chronic lower respiratory diseases518
8Diabetes mellitus210Suicide392
9Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period199Influenza and pneumonia354
10Suicide181Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis265
Asian or Pacific Islander
. . .All causes11,071All causes43,194
1Diseases of heart3,265Malignant neoplasms11,550
2Malignant neoplasms2,522Diseases of heart10,477
3Cerebrovascular diseases1,028Cerebrovascular diseases3,543
4Unintentional injuries810Unintentional injuries2,125
5Pneumonia and influenza342Diabetes mellitus1,576
6Suicide249Influenza and pneumonia1,327
7Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period246Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,302
8Diabetes mellitus227Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis755
10Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases207Alzheimer’s disease615
Hispanic or Latino
. . .- - -- - -All causes131,161
1- - -- - -Diseases of heart29,555
2- - -- - -Malignant neoplasms26,156
3- - -- - -Unintentional injuries11,464
4- - -- - -Cerebrovascular diseases6,830
5- - -- - -Diabetes mellitus6,665
6- - -- - -Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis3,555
7- - -- - -Homicide3,520
8- - -- - -Chronic lower respiratory diseases3,457
9- - -- - -Influenza and pneumonia3,085
10- - -- - -Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period2,816
White male
. . .All causes933,878All causes1,028,152
1Diseases of heart364,679Diseases of heart279,324
2Malignant neoplasms198,188Malignant neoplasms250,478
3Unintentional injuries62,963Unintentional injuries64,600
4Cerebrovascular diseases60,095Chronic lower respiratory diseases56,911
5Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases35,977Cerebrovascular diseases47,194
6Pneumonia and influenza23,810Diabetes mellitus29,628
7Suicide18,901Influenza and pneumonia24,425
8Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis16,407Suicide23,478
9Diabetes mellitus12,125Alzheimer’s disease18,990
10Atherosclerosis10,543Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis17,137
Black or African American male
. . .All causes130,138All causes149,108
1Diseases of heart37,877Diseases of heart36,343
2Malignant neoplasms25,861Malignant neoplasms32,726
3Unintentional injuries9,701Unintentional injuries9,329
4Cerebrovascular diseases9,194Cerebrovascular diseases7,519
6Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period3,869Diabetes mellitus5,730
7Pneumonia and influenza3,386Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease4,684
8Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis3,020Chronic lower respiratory diseases4,464
9Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases2,429Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis3,645
10Diabetes mellitus2,010Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period2,828
Sex, race, Hispanic origin, and rank orderCause of deathDeathsCause of deathDeaths
American Indian or Alaska Native male
. . .All causes4,193All causes7,607
1Unintentional injuries946Diseases of heart1,471
2Diseases of heart917Malignant neoplasms1,297
3Malignant neoplasms408Unintentional injuries1,118
4Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis239Diabetes mellitus412
5Cerebrovascular diseases163Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis348
7Pneumonia and influenza148Chronic lower respiratory diseases257
8Suicide147Cerebrovascular diseases249
9Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period107Homicide193
10Diabetes mellitus86Influenza and pneumonia180
Asian or Pacific Islander male
. . .All causes6,809All causes22,808
1Diseases of heart2,174Malignant neoplasms5,921
2Malignant neoplasms1,485Diseases of heart5,703
3Unintentional injuries556Cerebrovascular diseases1,624
4Cerebrovascular diseases521Unintentional injuries1,328
5Pneumonia and influenza227Chronic lower respiratory diseases803
6Suicide159Diabetes mellitus768
7Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases158Influenza and pneumonia718
9Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period128Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis381
10Diabetes mellitus103Homicide314
Hispanic or Latino male
. . .- - -- - -All causes73,788
1- - -- - -Diseases of heart15,900
2- - -- - -Malignant neoplasms13,896
3- - -- - -Unintentional injuries8,612
4- - -- - -Diabetes mellitus3,296
5- - -- - -Cerebrovascular diseases3,188
6- - -- - -Homicide3,008
7- - -- - -Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis2,561
8- - -- - -Suicide1,841
9- - -- - -Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,839
10- - -- - -Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period1,612
White female
. . .All causes804,729All causes1,069,945
1Diseases of heart318,668Diseases of heart285,472
2Malignant neoplasms169,974Malignant neoplasms231,654
3Cerebrovascular diseases88,639Cerebrovascular diseases74,674
4Unintentional injuries27,159Chronic lower respiratory diseases63,973
5Pneumonia and influenza24,559Alzheimer’s disease47,201
6Diabetes mellitus16,743Unintentional injuries35,806
7Atherosclerosis16,526Influenza and pneumonia31,115
8Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases16,398Diabetes mellitus30,127
9Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis8,833Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis17,669
10Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period6,512Septicemia15,022
Black or African American female
. . .All causes102,997All causes143,700
1Diseases of heart35,079Diseases of heart37,816
2Malignant neoplasms19,176Malignant neoplasms30,439
3Cerebrovascular diseases10,941Cerebrovascular diseases10,022
4Unintentional injuries3,779Diabetes mellitus7,240
5Diabetes mellitus3,534Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis4,430
6Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period3,092Unintentional injuries4,323
7Pneumonia and influenza2,262Chronic lower respiratory diseases3,765
9Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis1,770Alzheimer’s disease3,328
10Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis1,722Influenza and pneumonia3,051
Sex, race, Hispanic origin, and rank orderCause of deathDeathsCause of deathDeaths
American Indian or Alaska Native female
. . .All causes2,730All causes6,311
1Diseases of heart577Diseases of heart1,188
2Malignant neoplasms362Malignant neoplasms1,168
3Unintentional injuries344Unintentional injuries508
4Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis171Diabetes mellitus406
5Cerebrovascular diseases159Cerebrovascular diseases378
6Diabetes mellitus124Chronic lower respiratory diseases261
7Pneumonia and influenza109Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis248
8Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period92Influenza and pneumonia174
9Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis56Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis160
10Homicide55Alzheimer’s disease125
Asian or Pacific Islander female
. . .All causes4,262All causes20,386
1Diseases of heart1,091Malignant neoplasms5,629
2Malignant neoplasms1,037Diseases of heart4,774
3Cerebrovascular diseases507Cerebrovascular diseases1,919
4Unintentional injuries254Diabetes mellitus808
5Diabetes mellitus124Unintentional injuries797
6Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period118Influenza and pneumonia609
7Pneumonia and influenza115Chronic lower respiratory diseases499
8Congenital anomalies104Alzheimer’s disease386
9Suicide90Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis374
10Homicide60Essential (primary) hypertension and hypertensive renal disease326
Hispanic or Latina female
. . .- - -- - -All causes57,373
1- - -- - -Diseases of heart13,655
2- - -- - -Malignant neoplasms12,260
3- - -- - -Cerebrovascular diseases3,642
4- - -- - -Diabetes mellitus3,369
5- - -- - -Unintentional injuries2,852
6- - -- - -Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,618
7- - -- - -Influenza and pneumonia1,579
8- - -- - -Alzheimer’s disease1,437
9- - -- - -Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period1,204
10- - -- - -Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis1,143

. . . Category not applicable.

- - -

Data not available.

NOTES: For cause of death codes based on the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision (ICD–9) in 1980 and ICD–10 in 2005, See Appendix II, Cause of death; Tables IV and V. In 2005, 21 states and the District of Columbia reported multiple-race data. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 Office of Management and Budget standards for comparability with other states. See Appendix II, Race.

SOURCES: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System; Vital statistics of the United States, Vol II, mortality, part A, 1980. Washington, DC: Public Health Service. 1985; 2005 annual mortality file.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2008
Health, United States, 2008: With Special Feature on the Health of Young Adults.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2009 Mar.

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