Table 13

Low birthweight live births among mothers 20 years of age and over, by detailed race, Hispanic origin, and education of mother: United States, selected years and reporting areas 1989–2005

[Data are based on birth certificates]

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37 states, DC, and NYC
Education, race, and Hispanic origin of mother19891990200020022004120051
Less than 12 years of educationPercent of live births weighing less than 2,500 grams2
All races9.08.68.28.28.58.5
White7.37.07.17.17.37.3
Black or African American17.016.514.815.015.315.4
American Indian or Alaska Native7.37.47.28.48.78.5
Asian or Pacific Islander36.66.47.27.47.77.8
Hispanic or Latina46.05.76.06.06.26.2
 Mexican5.35.25.65.75.95.8
 Puerto Rican11.310.310.910.410.611.2
 Cuban9.47.98.47.5*11.8*10.3
 Central and South American5.85.86.26.26.46.6
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latina8.28.08.67.88.59.4
Not Hispanic or Latina:4
 White8.48.39.09.39.69.7
 Black or African American17.616.715.215.316.016.3
12 years of education
All races7.17.17.98.28.58.6
White5.75.86.87.07.27.4
Black or African American13.413.113.013.413.713.9
American Indian or Alaska Native5.66.16.77.17.27.1
Asian or Pacific Islander36.46.57.47.97.78.1
Hispanic or Latina45.96.06.26.56.56.7
 Mexican5.25.55.86.16.06.3
 Puerto Rican8.88.38.89.39.910.1
 Cuban5.35.26.56.07.77.0
 Central and South American5.75.86.06.46.86.5
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latina6.16.67.37.77.98.6
Not Hispanic or Latina:4
 White5.75.76.97.37.67.7
 Black or African American13.613.213.113.514.014.3
13 years or more of education
All races5.55.46.67.07.27.3
White4.64.65.86.26.56.5
Black or African American11.211.111.612.012.212.4
American Indian or Alaska Native5.64.76.57.06.46.7
Asian or Pacific Islander36.16.07.07.67.87.8
Hispanic or Latina45.55.56.26.66.76.7
 Mexican5.15.25.86.26.36.3
 Puerto Rican7.47.47.98.98.88.9
 Cuban4.95.05.96.48.16.6
 Central and South American5.25.66.36.56.76.8
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latina5.45.26.67.06.87.4
Not Hispanic or Latina:4
 White4.64.55.86.26.56.5
 Black or African American11.211.111.712.112.312.6
7 states
Education, race, and Hispanic origin of mother19891990200020022004520055
No high school diploma or GEDPercent of live births weighing less than 2,500 grams2
All races- - -- - -- - -- - -9.49.6
White- - -- - -- - -- - -8.48.4
Black or African American- - -- - -- - -- - -13.514.3
American Indian or Alaska Native- - -- - -- - -- - -8.47.4
Asian or Pacific Islander3- - -- - -- - -- - -7.06.8
Hispanic or Latina4- - -- - -- - -- - -6.56.3
 Mexican- - -- - -- - -- - -5.65.4
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -- - -- - -12.510.8
 Cuban- - -- - -- - -- - - * *
 Central and South American- - -- - -- - -- - -6.16.4
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latina- - -- - -- - -- - -6.57.0
Not Hispanic or Latina:4- - -- - -- - -- - -
 White- - -- - -- - -- - -9.49.7
 Black or African American- - -- - -- - -- - -15.216.6
High school diploma or GED
All races- - -- - -- - -- - -8.78.9
White- - -- - -- - -- - -7.67.8
Black or African American- - -- - -- - -- - -14.014.1
American Indian or Alaska Native- - -- - -- - -- - -6.77.7
Asian or Pacific Islander3- - -- - -- - -- - -7.07.0
Hispanic or Latina4- - -- - -- - -- - -7.07.3
 Mexican- - -- - -- - -- - -5.86.0
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -- - -- - -10.110.2
 Cuban- - -- - -- - -- - -*14.5 *
 Central and South American- - -- - -- - -- - -6.16.8
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latina- - -- - -- - -- - -6.37.5
Not Hispanic or Latina:4- - -- - -- - -- - -
 White- - -- - -- - -- - -7.77.9
 Black or African American- - -- - -- - -- - -14.414.6
Some college, no Bachelor’s degree
All races- - -- - -- - -- - -7.37.6
White- - -- - -- - -- - -6.56.8
Black or African American- - -- - -- - -- - -12.212.5
American Indian or Alaska Native- - -- - -- - -- - -7.27.7
Asian or Pacific Islander3- - -- - -- - -- - -7.37.0
Hispanic or Latina4- - -- - -- - -- - -7.17.7
 Mexican- - -- - -- - -- - -6.05.9
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -- - -- - -8.910.0
 Cuban- - -- - -- - -- - - * *
 Central and South American- - -- - -- - -- - -6.97.6
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latina- - -- - -- - -- - -6.27.4
Not Hispanic or Latina:4- - -- - -- - -- - -
 White- - -- - -- - -- - -6.56.7
 Black or African American- - -- - -- - -- - -12.612.7
Bachelor’s degree or more
All races- - -- - -- - -- - -6.46.3
White- - -- - -- - -- - -6.05.9
Black or African American- - -- - -- - -- - -11.511.0
American Indian or Alaska Native- - -- - -- - -- - - * *
Asian or Pacific Islander3- - -- - -- - -- - -7.47.9
Hispanic or Latina4- - -- - -- - -- - -7.36.2
 Mexican- - -- - -- - -- - -7.85.6
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -- - -- - -8.87.5
 Cuban- - -- - -- - -- - -*12.3 *
 Central and South American- - -- - -- - -- - -6.25.8
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latina- - -- - -- - -- - -*5.76.2
Not Hispanic or Latina:4- - -- - -- - -- - -
 White- - -- - -- - -- - -6.05.9
 Black or African American- - -- - -- - -- - -11.711.2
- - -

Data not available.

*

Percents preceded by an asterisk are based on fewer than 50 births in the numerator. Percents not shown are based on fewer than 20 births.

1

Data for 2004 and 2005 include the 39 reporting areas (37 states, DC, and NYC) that used the 1989 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth in 2005. Reporting areas that have adopted the 2003 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth are excluded because maternal education data based on the 2003 revision are not comparable with data based on the 1989 or earlier revisions See Appendix II, Education.

2

Excludes live births with unknown birthweight. Percent based on live births with known birthweight.

3

Starting with 2004 data, estimates are not available for Asian or Pacific Islander subgroups during the transition from single-race to multiple-race reporting. See Appendix II, Race, Birth File.

4

Prior to 1993, data shown only for states with an Hispanic-origin item and education of mother item on the birth certificate. See Appendix II, Education; Hispanic origin.

5

Data for 2004 and 2005 include the 7 reporting (states) areas that adopted the 2003 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth in 2004. Reporting areas that used the 1989 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth are excluded because maternal education data based on the 2003 revision are not comparable with data based on the 1989 or earlier revisions See Appendix II, Education.

NOTES: Prior to 2003, all data are based on the 1989 or earlier revisions of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth. In 1992–2002, education of mother was reported on the birth certificate by all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Prior to 1992, data from states lacking an education of mother item were excluded. Starting with 2004 data, data for states adopting the 2003 revision of the U. S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth are shown separately. See Appendix II, Education. The race groups, white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with 2004 data, some states reported multiple-race data. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 Office of Management and Budget standards for comparability with other states. See Appendix II, Race. Interpretation of trend data should take into consideration changes in reporting areas and immigration. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Birth File.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2008
Health, United States, 2008: With Special Feature on the Health of Young Adults.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2009 Mar.

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