Table 125

Consumer Price Index and average annual percent change for all items, selected items, and medical care components: United States, selected years 1960–2007

[Data are based on reporting by samples of providers and other retail outlets]

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Items and medical care components196019701980199019952000200520062007
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
All items29.638.882.4130.7152.4172.2195.3201.6207.3
All items less medical care30.239.282.8128.8148.6167.3188.7194.7200.1
Services24.135.077.9139.2168.7195.3230.1238.9246.8
Food30.039.286.8132.4148.4167.8190.7195.2202.9
Apparel45.759.290.9124.1132.0129.6119.5119.5119.0
Housing- - ‐36.481.1128.5148.5169.6195.7203.2209.6
Energy22.425.586.0102.1105.2124.6177.1196.9207.7
Medical care22.334.074.9162.8220.5260.8323.2336.2351.1
Components of medical care
Medical care services19.532.374.8162.7224.2266.0336.7350.6369.3
 Professional services- - ‐37.077.9156.1201.0237.7281.7289.3300.8
  Physicians’ services21.934.576.5160.8208.8244.7287.5291.9303.2
  Dental services27.039.278.9155.8206.8258.5324.0340.9358.4
  Eyeglasses and eye care1- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐117.3137.0149.7163.2168.1171.6
  Services by other medical professionals1- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐120.2143.9161.9186.8192.2197.4
 Hospital and related services- - ‐- - ‐69.2178.0257.8317.3439.9468.1498.9
  Hospital services2- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐115.9161.6172.1183.6
   Inpatient hospital services2,3- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐113.8156.6167.5178.1
   Outpatient hospital services1,3- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐138.7204.6263.8373.0395.0424.2
  Hospital rooms9.323.668.0175.4251.2- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐
  Other inpatient services1- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐142.7206.8- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐
  Nursing homes and adult day care2- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐117.0145.0151.0159.6
 Health insurance4- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐103.1113.5
Medical care commodities46.946.575.4163.4204.5238.1276.0285.9290.0
 Prescription drugs and medical supplies54.047.472.5181.7235.0285.4349.0363.9369.2
 Nonprescription drugs and medical supplies1- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐120.6140.5149.5151.7154.6156.8
  Internal and respiratory over-the-counter drugs- - ‐42.374.9145.9167.0176.9179.7183.4186.4
  Nonprescription medical equipment and supplies- - ‐- - ‐79.2138.0166.3178.1180.6183.2185.1
Average annual percent change from previous year shown
All items. . .2.77.84.73.12.52.53.22.8
All items excluding medical care. . .2.67.84.52.92.42.43.22.8
All services. . .3.88.36.03.93.03.33.83.3
Food. . .2.78.34.32.32.52.62.44.0
Apparel. . .2.64.43.21.2–0.4–1.60.0–0.4
Housing. . .- - ‐8.34.72.92.72.93.83.1
Energy. . .1.312.91.70.63.47.311.25.5
Medical care. . .4.38.28.16.33.44.44.04.4
Components of medical care
Medical care services. . .5.28.88.16.63.54.84.15.3
 Professional services. . .- - ‐7.77.25.23.43.52.74.0
  Physicians’ services. . .4.68.37.75.43.23.31.53.9
  Dental services. . .3.87.27.05.84.64.65.25.1
  Eyeglasses and eye care1. . .- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.21.81.73.02.1
  Services by other medical professionals1. . .- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.72.42.92.92.7
 Hospital and related services. . .- - ‐- - ‐9.97.74.26.86.46.6
  Hospital services2. . .- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐6.96.56.7
   Inpatient hospital services2,3. . .- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐6.67.06.3
   Outpatient hospital services1,3. . .- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐8.15.27.25.97.4
  Hospital rooms. . .9.811.29.97.4- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐
  Other inpatient services1. . .- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐7.7- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐
  Nursing homes and adult day care2. . .- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐4.44.15.7
 Health insurance4. . .- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐10.1
Medical care commodities. . .–0.15.08.04.63.13.03.61.4
 Prescription drugs and medical supplies. . .–1.34.39.65.34.04.14.31.4
 Nonprescription drugs and medical supplies1. . .- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.11.20.31.91.4
  Internal and respiratory over-the-counter drugs. . .- - ‐5.96.92.71.20.32.11.6
  Nonprescription medical equipment and supplies. . .- - ‐- - ‐5.73.81.40.31.41.0
- - -

Data not available.

. . . Category not applicable.

1

December 1986 = 100.

2

December 1996 = 100.

3

Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.

4

December 2005 = 100.

NOTES: Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers (CPI-U) U.S. city average, detailed expenditure categories. 1982–1984 = 100, except where noted. Data are not seasonally adjusted. See Appendix I, Consumer Price Index. See Appendix II, Consumer Price Index. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index. Various releases. 2007 data available from: http://www​.bls.gov/cpi/cpid07av.pdf.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2008
Health, United States, 2008: With Special Feature on the Health of Young Adults.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2009 Mar.

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