Table 115

First-year and total enrollment of women in schools for selected health occupations: United States, selected academic years 1980–1981 through 2005–2006

[Data are based on reporting by health professions associations]

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Both sexesWomen
Enrollment and occupation1980–19811990–19912005–200611980–19811990–199122005–20061
First-year enrollmentNumber of studentsPercent of students
Medicine (Allopathic)317,18616,87617,37628.938.848.4
Medicine (Osteopathic)1,4961,9503,90822.034.249.8
Nurses4- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐
Optometry 31,2581,2391,42925.350.664.9
Pharmacy3,57,3778,26710,50648.4- - ‐64.6
Podiatry695561552- - ‐28.046.9
Public Health3,63,3484,2897,382- - ‐62.169.8
Total enrollment
Medicine (Allopathic)365,18965,16368,00826.537.348.8
Medicine (Osteopathic)4,9406,79213,40619.732.749.6
Nurses4- - ‐- - ‐177,822- - ‐- - ‐90.1
Optometry34,6414,7605,377- - ‐47.363.1
Public Health3,68,48611,38619,44355.262.570.6
- - -

Data not available.


Starting with 2003–2004 data, osteopathic medicine data include the students of the Edward Via Virginia College of Osteopathic Medicine.


Percentage of women podiatry students is for 1991–1992.


Include data from schools in Puerto Rico.


Data are for generic (entry-level) or registered nurses seeking the baccalaureatre degree. Data for first-year enrollment are not available.


First-year enrollment data for pharmacy schools are for students in the first year of the final three years of pharmacy education. Prior to 1992–1993, pharmacy total enrollment data were for students in the final three years of pharmacy education. Starting in 1992–1993, pharmacy total enrollment data are for all students.


For 2003–2004 data, first-year enrollment data for public health schools include Spring, Summer, and Fall enrollment. All other years of data including 2004–2005 are for Fall enrollment only and are not directly comparable to 2003–2004 data.

NOTES: Total enrollment data are collected at the beginning of the academic year while first-year enrollment data are collected during the academic year. Data for chiropractic students and occupational, physical, and speech therapy students were not available for this table. Some numbers in this table have been revised and differ from previous editions of Health, United States. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: Association of American Medical Colleges: AAMC Data Book: Medical Schools and Teaching Hospitals by the Numbers. Washington, DC. 2004, 2005, 2006 (Copyrights 2005, 2006, 2007: Used with the permission of the AAMC); American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine: 2006 Annual Report on Osteopathic Medical Education. Chevy Chase, MD. 2007, available from: http://www​; Bureau of Health Professions: Minorities and Women in the Health Fields, 1990 edition; American Dental Association: 2006–2007 Survey of Dental Education, vol.1, Academic Programs, Enrollments, and Graduates, Chicago, IL. 2008 (Copyright 2008: Used with the permission of the ADA) and unpublished data; Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry: Annual Student Data Report Academic Years 2003–2004, 2005–2006 and unpublished data (Copyright 2006: Used with the permission of the ASCO); American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy: Profile of Pharmacy Students, Fall 2005, available from: http://www​, and unpublished data; American Association of Colleges of Podiatric Medicine: unpublished data; American Association of Colleges of Nursing. Enrollment and Graduations in Baccalaureate and Graduate Programs in Nursing. Washington, DC. 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007 (Copyright 2008: Used with the permission of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing); Association of Schools of Public Health: Annual Data Report. Washington, DC. Available from: http://www​​.cfm?page=749.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2008
Health, United States, 2008: With Special Feature on the Health of Young Adults.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2009 Mar.

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