Table 48Prescription mental health medication fills for any medical condition among adults, by selected medication class: number, United States, selected years 1996–2010

[Data are based on a household survey of a nationally representative sample]

Medication class1996 (number in millions)1998 (number in millions)2000 (number in millions)2002 (number in millions)2004 (number in millions)2006 (number in millions)2008 (number in millions)2010 (number in millions)
All mental health medications150.3177.7202.5269.6298.8333.1358.9396.7
 Antianxiety, all classes153.155.158.775.475.686.299.7105.8
 Antidepressants, all classes76.093.9109.1150.7172.2185.5186.3207.9
 Antipsychotics, all classes12.815.518.320.119.726.128.730.7
 Antimanics, anticonvulsants6.17.911.513.114.413.918.522.4

Antianxiety medications include sedative and hypnotic medications.

NOTES: The mental health medications counted in this table may or may not have been written for a mental health condition. Some prescriptions may have been used for purposes other than mental health, such as smoking cessation. A fill is when a pharmacist fills a written or an oral prescription from a physician or otherwise authorized medical personnel. All classes of medication combined do not add to total because the table does not detail classes of medication with a relatively small number of fills.

Categorization of medications follows that of the National Institute of Mental Health (http://www​​/health/publications​/mental-health-medications​/alphabetical-list-of-medications.shtml).

Estimates for 1996 through 2008 are similar to those in Mental Health, United States, 2010 (SAMHSA, 2012a). The previous volume used restricted use data, whereas this volume uses public use data. The restricted use data allow for more precise classifications of prescription medications.

Adults are defined as people aged 18 or older.

As an example of how to interpret the estimates in the table, in 1996, there were approximately 150.3 million prescription fills for all mental health medications in the United States.

SOURCE: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 1996–2010. .

From: 5, TABLES

Cover of Behavioral Health, United States, 2012
Behavioral Health, United States, 2012.

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