Table 33Past year mental disorders among adolescents aged 13 to 18 with and without a past year substance use disorder: percentage, United States, 2001–2004

[Data are based on a household survey of a nationally representative sample]

Disorder1No substance use disorder2 (percent)Any substance use disorder3 (percent)Nicotine dependence (percent)Alcohol use disorder (percent)Illicit drug4 use disorder (percent)
No mental disorder55.323.717.322.618.9
Any mental disorder44.776.382.777.481.1
Any mood disorder10.939.245.936.745.8
 Bipolar I or II1.
 Major depressive disorder or dysthymia10.437.243.934.743.9
Any anxiety disorder26.040.945.337.647.2
 Generalized anxiety disorder0.
 Panic disorder61.
 Posttraumatic stress disorder2.39.09.414.58.5
 Separation anxiety disorder1.
 Social phobia12.019.222.415.123.4
 Specific phobia15.423.728.717.525.9
Any impulse disorder27.264.667.564.570.3
 Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder9.520.823.422.021.7
 Conduct disorder5.033.441.033.342.5
 Eating disorder1.
 Intermittent explosive disorder9.222.422.521.221.7
 Oppositional defiant disorder16.344.049.840.352.5

Mental disorders were assessed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) (APA, 1994) diagnostic criteria for mental disorders in children and adolescents. Mental disorder is defined as meeting the requirements for at least one of the following disorders: agoraphobia, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, bipolar I or II, conduct disorder, eating disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, intermittent explosive disorder, major depressive disorder or dysthymia, oppositional defiant disorder, panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, separation anxiety disorder, social phobia, or specific phobia. While diagnoses of most disorders are based exclusively on adolescent reports, parent reports are used to make diagnoses of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, major depressive disorder/dysthymia, and oppositional defiant disorder.


No substance use disorder means that the person did not have an alcohol or illicit drug use disorder (abuse or dependence) or nicotine dependence.


Any substance use disorder means that the person had an alcohol or illicit drug use disorder (abuse or dependence) or nicotine dependence.


Participants could endorse use of any illicit drugs. Therefore, illicit drugs are not restricted to a defined set of specific substances.


Agoraphobia is diagnosed without a history of panic disorder.


Panic disorder is assessed with or without agoraphobia.

NOTES: Substance use disorders are classified using DSM-IV diagnostic hierarchy rules. Alcohol and drug abuse are diagnoses with or without dependence.

Data reported in this table were collected over the period 2001 through 2004.

As an example of how to interpret the estimates in the table, the third cell in the fifth row shows that, for the 2001 through 2004 study period, 43.9 percent of U.S. adolescents aged 13 to 18 with nicotine dependence met diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder or dysthymia in the past year.

SOURCE: Estimates were generated from public use data obtained from the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research on October 11, 2012. Kessler Ronald C. National Comorbidity Survey: Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A), 2001–2004. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research; Oct 24, 2011. ICPSR28581-v4. [distributor] [Cross Ref]

From: 5, TABLES

Cover of Behavioral Health, United States, 2012
Behavioral Health, United States, 2012.

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