Table 21Lifetime prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders among adults, by sex and sexual orientation: percentage, United States, 2004–2005 combined

[Data are based on a household survey of a nationally representative sample]

DisorderMaleFemale
Gay (percent)Bisexual (percent)Not sure (percent)Heterosexual (percent)Lesbian (percent)Bisexual (percent)Not sure (percent)Heterosexual (percent)
Any mood disorder42.336.936.419.844.458.736.530.5
 Dysthymia12.33.60.63.59.118.69.56.3
 Hypomania4.05.08.93.85.010.52.33.6
 Major depression37.835.826.815.441.852.332.127.3
 Mania7.714.615.94.74.915.011.85.4
Any anxiety disorder41.238.732.718.640.857.837.631.3
 Generalized anxiety disorder16.911.510.14.814.822.515.510.0
 Panic with agoraphobia4.20.00.01.12.57.05.92.5
 Panic without agoraphobia13.715.53.83.811.623.514.47.4
 Social phobia12.414.215.65.89.618.213.67.9
 Specific phobia21.819.818.410.027.635.023.719.5

NOTES: Determination of mental illness was based on responses to symptom questions in the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-IV, used to operationalize Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) (APA, 1994) defined mood and anxiety disorders.

Adults are defined as people aged 18 or older.

At the request of the publisher, the original published form of the table is also included in this volume, and the source reference is listed directly below the table (see Table D-1 in Appendix D).

Years of data were combined to achieve statistical precision.

As an example of how to interpret the estimates in the table, for 2004 and 2005 combined, an annual average of 42.3 percent of U.S. gay men had a mood disorder during their lifetime.

SOURCES: National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism; 2001–2002. .

Bostwick WB, Boyd CJ, Hughes TL, McCabe SE. Dimensions of sexual orientation and the prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders in the United States. American Journal of Public Health. 2010;100(3):468–475. [PubMed: 19696380] [Cross Ref]

Reproduced with permission from American Journal of Public Health. 100(3):468–475, Copyright© 2010 by the American Public Health Association.

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