Table 1Types of Obesity Prevention Interventions Assessed in This Review

Interventions were classified by the primary setting where they took place. Several interventions included components that were conducted in settings other than the primary setting.

Type of InterventionDescription
School-Based InterventionsThese took place primarily in schools (e.g., a change in the quantity and nutritional quality of food served at school, an increase in physical activity at school, promotion of walk-to-school days), although they might also have involved community (e.g., improving a community park, performing community service) or at-home activities (e.g., daily physical activity homework of about 10 minutes, preparing a healthy breakfast at home).
Home-Based InterventionsThese took place in the child's home and targeted changes in the home (e.g., interventions to alter the foods purchased for home use, family fitness).
Primary Care-Based InterventionsThese took place in the offices of a primary care practitioner, a clinic, or other health care entity delivering primary health care to children. They included advice to parents and/or caregivers to make changes at home (e.g., encouraging more than five daily servings of fruits and vegetables, limiting screen time [video games, television] to less than 2 hours per day, promoting greater than 1 hour of physical activity per day).
Childcare Center-Based InterventionsThese took place in settings where children received nonparental/noncustodial care, generally outside the home (e.g., offering fruits and vegetables throughout the day, enhancing physical activity, designing exercise programs that improve pleasure of movement).
Community-Based and Environment-Level InterventionsThese were delivered by enforcing policies or legislation (e.g., regulations on food retailing and distribution) or by changes to the built environment (e.g., sidewalks, parks, restaurants, farmers' markets, recreation facilities). Additionally, these interventions involved interaction with the community (a group of individuals that existed before the intervention and that shared one or more common characteristics, such as the YMCA or church groups).
Consumer Health Informatics-Based InterventionsConsumer health informatics are technologies that deliver interventions and information indirectly (as opposed to in person) to patients or individuals in the community. These interventions might include Web-based, phone-based, and video-based programs, games, and information storehouses.

From: Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs: Comparative Effectiveness

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Comparative Effectiveness Review Summary Guides for Clinicians [Internet].

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