Table 13Infant mortality rates, fetal mortality rates, and perinatal mortality rates, by race: United States, selected years 1950–2010

Updated data when available, Excel, PDF, and more data years: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hus/contents2012.htm#013.

[Data are based on death certificates, fetal death records, and birth certificates]

Race and yearInfant1Neonatal1Postneonatal1Fetal mortality rate2Late fetal mortality rate3Perinatal mortality rate4
Under 28 daysUnder 7 days
All racesDeaths per 1,000 live births
1950529.220.517.88.718.414.932.5
1960 526.018.716.77.315.812.128.6
197020.015.113.64.914.09.523.0
198012.68.57.14.19.16.213.2
19909.25.84.83.47.54.39.0
19957.64.94.02.77.03.67.6
20006.94.63.72.36.63.37.0
20056.94.53.62.36.23.06.6
20066.74.53.52.26.13.06.5
20076.84.43.52.3 - - - - - - - - -
20086.64.33.42.3 - - - - - - - - -
20096.44.23.32.2 - - - - - - - - -
20106.14.03.22.1 - - - - - - - - -
Race of child:6 White
1950 526.819.417.17.416.613.330.1
1960 522.917.215.65.713.910.826.2
197017.813.812.54.012.38.621.0
198011.07.56.23.58.15.711.9
Race of mother: 7 White
198010.97.46.13.58.15.711.8
19907.64.83.92.86.43.87.7
19956.34.13.32.25.93.36.5
20005.73.83.01.95.62.95.9
20055.73.83.01.95.32.75.7
20065.63.72.91.85.22.75.6
20075.63.72.91.9 - - - - - - - - -
20085.53.62.91.9 - - - - - - - - -
20095.33.52.81.8 - - - - - - - - -
20105.23.52.71.7 - - - - - - - - -
Race of child: 6 Black or African American
1950543.927.823.016.132.1 - - - - - -
1960 544.327.823.716.5 - - - - - - - - -
197032.622.820.39.923.2 - - - 34.5
198021.414.111.97.314.48.920.7
Race of mother: 7 Black or African American
198022.214.612.37.614.79.121.3
199018.011.69.76.413.36.716.4
199515.19.88.25.312.75.713.8
200014.19.47.64.712.45.413.0
200513.79.17.34.711.44.912.1
200613.38.87.04.510.84.611.5
200713.28.66.94.6 - - - - - - - - -
200812.78.26.64.5 - - - - - - - - -
200912.68.26.64.5 - - - - - - - - -
201011.67.56.04.1 - - - - - - - - -
- - -

Data are not currently available and will be posted on the website when the file is completed.

1

Infant (under 1 year of age), neonatal (under 28 days), early neonatal (under 7 days), and postneonatal (28 days–11 months).

2

Number of fetal deaths of 20 weeks or more gestation per 1,000 live births plus fetal deaths.

3

Number of fetal deaths of 28 weeks or more gestation (late fetal deaths) per 1,000 live births plus late fetal deaths.

4

Number of late fetal deaths plus infant deaths within 7 days of birth per 1,000 live births plus late fetal deaths.

5

Includes births and deaths of persons who were not residents of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

6

Infant deaths, live births, and fetal deaths are tabulated by race of child. See Appendix II, Race.

7

Infant deaths are tabulated by race of decedent; fetal deaths and live births are tabulated by race of mother. See Appendix II, Race.

NOTES: Infant mortality rates in this table are based on infant deaths from the mortality file (numerator) and live births from the natality file (denominator). Inconsistencies in reporting race for the same infant between the birth and death certificate can result in underestimated infant mortality rates for races other than white or black. Infant mortality rates for minority population groups are available from the Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set and are presented in Table 14. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, public-use Mortality File, public-use Fetal Death File, public-use Birth File; Murphy SL, Xu JQ, Kochanek KD. Deaths: Final data for 2010. National vital statistics reports; vol 61 no 4. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS; 2012. Available from: http://www​.cdc.gov/nchs​/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_04.pdf. See Appendix I, National Vital Statistics System (NVSS).

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2012
Health, United States, 2012: With Special Feature on Emergency Care.
National Center for Health Statistics (US).
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2013 May.

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