Table XIIICurrent cigarette smoking among adults aged 18 and over, by race and Hispanic origin under the 1997 and 1977 Standards for federal data on race and ethnicity: United States, average annual 1993–1995

1997 StandardsSample sizePercentStandard error1977 StandardsSample sizePercentStandard error
White only46,22825.20.26White46,66425.30.26
Black or African American only7,20826.60.64Black7,33426.50.63
American Indian or Alaska Native only41632.92.53American Indian or Alaska Native48033.92.38
Asian only1,37015.01.19Asian or Pacific Islander1,41115.51.22
2 or more races total78634.52.00
 Black or African American; white83*21.76.05
 American Indian or Alaska Native; white46140.02.58
Race, any mention
White, any mention46,88225.30.26
Black or African American, any mention7,38226.60.63
American Indian or Alaska Native, any mention96536.31.71
Asian, any mention1,45815.71.20
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, any mention53*17.55.10
Hispanic origin and race
Not Hispanic or Latino:Non-Hispanic:
 White only42,42125.80.27 White42,97625.90.27
 Black or African American only7,05326.70.65 Black7,20326.70.64
 American Indian or Alaska Native only35833.52.69 American Indian or Alaska Native40735.42.53
 Asian only1,32014.81.21 Asian or Pacific Islander1,39715.31.24
 2 or more races total68735.62.15
Hispanic or Latino5,17517.80.65Hispanic5,17517.80.65

Estimates are considered unreliable. Data preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error of 20%–30%.

NOTES: The Office of Management and Budget’s (OMB) 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity specifies five race groups (white, black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander) and allows respondents to report one or more race groups. Estimates for single-race and multiple-race groups not shown above do not meet standards for statistical reliability or confidentiality (relative standard error greater than 30%). Race groups under the 1997 Standards were based on the question, “What is the group or groups which represents [person’s] race?” For persons who selected multiple groups, race groups under the OMB’s 1977 Race and Ethnic Standards for Federal Statistics and Administrative Reporting were based on the additional question, “Which of those groups would you say best represents [person’s] race?” Race-specific estimates in this table were calculated after excluding respondents of other and unknown race. Other published race-specific estimates are based on files in which such responses have been edited. Estimates are age-adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using five age groups: 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–64, and 65 and over. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey. See Appendix I, National Health Interview Survey (NHIS).

From: Appendix II, Definitions and Methods

Cover of Health, United States, 2012
Health, United States, 2012: With Special Feature on Emergency Care.
National Center for Health Statistics (US).
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2013 May.

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