Table 1Characteristics of the target studies according to the PICOTS framework

Population(s)Physicians, nurses, physiotherapists/physical therapists, respiratory therapists, pharmacists and other health care providers treating children (0 to 18 years of age) or adults (over 18 years of age) with asthma.
InterventionsInterventions to improve adherence to guidelines. Includes: decision support (health information technology and paper-based), organizational change, feedback and audit, clinical pharmacy support, education only, quality improvement/pay-for-performance, multicomponent, information only.
ComparatorsUsual care, as defined by eligible study, and comparisons between interventions.
OutcomesHealth care process outcomes (including: prescriptions for controller medicine, environmental control practice recommendations, self-management education, asthma action plans, documentation of level of asthma severity, prescription of peak flow meter, and follow-up visits)
Clinical outcomes (including: symptom days, missed days of school and/or work, quality of life, emergency department visits/hospitalizations/urgent doctor visits, lung function tests, rescue use of short-acting β2 agonists, parental/patient perceptions/ratings of care, and side effects of drugs).
The outcomes are nondirectional. That is, outcomes deemed good, as well as those deemed to be potential harms or unintended consequences, were considered.
TimingStudies with all duration of followup were considered for the review.
SettingOutpatient settings in which health care providers work, but not emergency room or in-patient settings.

From: Introduction

Cover of Interventions to Modify Health Care Provider Adherence to Asthma Guidelines
Interventions to Modify Health Care Provider Adherence to Asthma Guidelines [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 95.
Okelo SO, Butz AM, Sharma R, et al.

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