Table 6Comparison with other studies

StudyYes, patients should be involvedWould you ask?HCW permission
England and Wales NPSA (2004)171%26%NA
Ontario (Canada)232%42%NA
USA consumer survey3NANA80%
USA web survey4NA60% (20)NA
Current studyNA52% (29% had actually asked in this survey)86%

Patient empowerment (pilot web site). London, National Patient Safety Agency, 2008 (http://www​​/cleanyourhands/in-hospitals/pep/, accessed 1 December 2008)


Zorzi R. Evaluation of a pilot test of the provincial hand hygiene improvement program for hospitals - final report. Toronto, Cathexis Consulting Inc., 2007.


McGuckin M, Waterman R, Shubin A. Consumer attitudes about health care-acquired infections and hand hygiene. American Journal of Medical Quality, 2006, 21:342–346.


Aleccia J. The dirty truth about docs who don’t wash: Patients shouldn’t be shy about asking providers to hit the sink, experts say. Microsoft web site, Health page, 2008 (http://www​, accessed 26 November 2008).

From: Appendix 6, WHO global survey of patient experiences in hand hygiene improvement

Cover of WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care
WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care: First Global Patient Safety Challenge Clean Care Is Safer Care.
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