Table II.10.2Relative risks for major complications or death based on the Surgical Apgar Score, with a score of 7 as the reference value (at a United States academic medical center)

Surgical Apgar scoreTotal no. of patientsNo. with complicationsComplication rateRelative risk for complication (95% CI)p value
0–4128720.5633.4 (2.7–4.2)< 0.0001
5233930.3992.4 (1.9–3.0)< 0.0001
64871080.2221.3 (1.1–1.7)0.017
77301220.167ReferenceReference
811001140.1040.6 (0.5–0.8)< 0.0001
91091550.0100.3 (0.2–0.4)< 0.0001
10350170.0490.3 (0.2–0.5)< 0.0001
total41195810.141

Adapted from reference (56)

From: Objective 10, Hospitals and public health systems will establish routine surveillance of surgical capacity, volume and results

Cover of WHO Guidelines for Safe Surgery 2009
WHO Guidelines for Safe Surgery 2009: Safe Surgery Saves Lives.
Copyright © 2009, World Health Organization.

All rights reserved. Publications of the World Health Organization can be obtained from WHO Press, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland (tel.: +41 22 791 3264; fax: +41 22 791 4857; e-mail: tni.ohw@sredrokoob). Requests for permission to reproduce or translate WHO publications – whether for sale or for noncommercial distribution – should be addressed to WHO Press, at the above address (fax: +41 22 791 4806; e-mail: tni.ohw@snoissimrep).

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.