Standard precautions

A set of practices designed to prevent the spread of infection between health workers and patients from contact with infectious agents in recognized and unrecognized sources of infection. Such precautions are recommended for use with all patients, regardless of patient diagnoses or presumed infectious status. Key elements include hand hygiene, cleaning of the environment, reprocessing of equipment between patients, use of personal protective equipment, placement of patients with known infection or colonization into isolation, laundry management, injection safety, preventing exposure to bloodborne pathogens, waste management and respiratory hygiene.