Table 10Study characteristics for KQ 4: Multicondition lifestyle interventions

CharacteristicDetails
Studies: N studies (patients)a3 studies (286 patients)
Mean age of sample: Median (range)41.0 (41.0 to 37.8)
Sex: N patients (%)
 Female114 patients (40%)
 Male172 patients (60%)
 NR0 patients (0%)
Race: N patients (%)
 White123 patients (43%)
 Nonwhite90 patients (31%)
 NR73 patients (26%)
Setting: N studies (%)b
 Mental health2 studies (67%)
 General medical0 studies (0%)
 Community2 studies (67%)
 Integrated mental health-medical0 studies (0%)
Study quality: N studies (%)
 Good1 study (33%)
 Fair2 studies (67%)
 Poor0 studies (0%)
Efficacy–effectiveness rating: N studies (%)
 Efficacy (0–2)1 study (33%)
 Mixed (3–5)2 studies (66%)
 Effectiveness (6–7)0 studies (0%)
Comparisons: N studies (patients)
 Drug + behavioral vs. drug1 study (215 patients)
 Lifestyle intervention vs. control2 studies (71 patients)
Mean BMI (study range)3 studies (21.55 to 35)
Mean HbA1c% (study range)2 studies (4.16 to 6.0)
Mean systolic blood pressure1 study (133.9)
Mean total cholesterol1 study (217)
Mean non-HDL cholesterol1 study (173)
Current smoker: N studies; N patients (%)1 study; 19 of 41 patients (46%)
 NR2 studies; 286 patients
Metabolic syndrome: N patients (%)1 study; 21 of 41 patients (51%)
 NR2 studies; 286 patients

BMI = body mass index; HbA1c = hemoglobin A1c; HDL = high-density lipoprotein; N = number; NR = not reported

a

The number of patients with demographic data reported is fewer than the number randomized.

b

Stroup et al.120 selected participants from both mental health and community settings.

From: Results

Cover of Interventions To Improve Cardiovascular Risk Factors in People With Serious Mental Illness
Interventions To Improve Cardiovascular Risk Factors in People With Serious Mental Illness [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 105.
Gierisch JM, Nieuwsma JA, Bradford DW, et al.

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