Table 2, Chapter 34Odds ratios indicating the effect of nurse staffing on 30-day inpatient mortality and failure to rescue, in California, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania

State Hospital SampleOdds Ratios Estimating the Effect of Nurse Staffing on
30-day Inpatient MortalityFailure to Rescue
California1.131.15
(1.07-1.20)(1.09-1.21)
New Jersey1.101.10
(1.01-1.22)(1.01-1.21)
Pennsylvania1.061.06
(1.00-1.12)(1.00-1.12)

Adjusted odds ratios are based on multivariate robust logistic regression models that controlled for 132 patient characteristics, including age, sex, admission type, dummy variables for comorbidities and type of surgery, and interaction terms, and three hospital characteristics, bed size, teaching status, and technology.

Table was adapted from Aiken et al., 2010.21

Aiken LH, Sloane DM, Cimiotti JP, et al. Implications of the California Nurse Staffing Mandate for Other States. Health Services Research. 2010. Permission granted by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

From: Chapter 34, Effect of Nurse-to-Patient Staffing Ratios on Patient Morbidity and Mortality

Cover of Making Health Care Safer II
Making Health Care Safer II: An Updated Critical Analysis of the Evidence for Patient Safety Practices.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 211.

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